Cenotillo Municipality

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cenotillo
Municipality
Escudo de Cenotillo
Seal
Region 5 Noreste #012
Region 5 Noreste #012
Cenotillo is located in Mexico
Cenotillo
Cenotillo
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°57′56″N 88°36′09″W / 20.96556°N 88.60250°W / 20.96556; -88.60250Coordinates: 20°57′56″N 88°36′09″W / 20.96556°N 88.60250°W / 20.96556; -88.60250
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Mexico Ind. 1821
Yucatán Est. 1824
Government
 • Type PAN logo (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[1]
 • Municipal President Sonia Noemí Vallejos Albornoz[2]
Area
 • Total 614.43 km2 (237.23 sq mi)
  [2]
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (2010[3])
 • Total 3,701
 • Density 6.0/km2 (16/sq mi)
 • Demonym Umanense
Time zone UTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)
INEGI Code 012
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Website
Municipalities of Yucatán

Cenotillo Municipality (Yucatec Maya: "little cenote") is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (614.43 km2) of land and is located roughly 115 kilometres (71 mi) east of the city of Mérida.[2]

History[edit]

There is no accurate data on when the town was founded, but before the conquest, it was part of the chieftainship of Cupules. After colonization, it became part of the encomienda system and some of the first encomenderos were Diego Burgos and don Diego López de Ricalde in 1583,[2] followed by Lorenzo Coella in 1627.[4] Subsequent encomenderos included José Domingo Pardío in 1744.[2]

Yucatán declared its independence from the Spanish Crown in 1821,[2] and in 1825 the area was assigned to the Valladolid Municipality. In 1867, it was assigned to the Espita Municipality and in 1988 it was confirmed as head of its own municipality.[5]

Governance[edit]

The municipal president is elected for a three-year term. The town council has four councilpersons, who serve as Secretary and councilors of sports, parks and gardens, and potable water.[6]

Communities[edit]

The head of the municipality is Cenotillo, Yucatán. The populated areas of the municipality besides the seat include Cantún, Chunyucú, Cunyá, Ebtún, Kakalhá, Karin, Kaxec, Mococa, Muctal, Ocal, Pacel, Palmero, Petil, San Antonio, San Felipe, San Nicolás, San Pedro, San Ruto, Santa Clara, Sihonal, Tixbacab, Tzumbalam, Yodzonot 2 and Yohman. The significant populations are shown below:[2]

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 3,701[3]
Cenotillo 3134 in 2005[7]
Tixbacab 349 in 2005[8]

Local festivals[edit]

Every year from 3 to 12 August a festival is held in honor of Santa Clara in Cenotillo. In Tixbacab from the 13 to 15 August there is an annual celebration for the Virgin of the Assumption.[2]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Church of Santa Clara, built in the seventeenth century
  • Church of the Virgin of the Nativity, built in the seventeenth century
  • archaeological site at Tzebtun
  • Cenote A´yin
  • Cenote Catak Dzonot
  • Cenote Itzamna
  • Cenote K´ai-pech
  • Cenote Mul´Dzonot
  • Hacienda Tixbacab

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alcaldes" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Buenas Tareas. 23 February 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Municipios de Yucatán »Cenotillo" (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Mexico In Figures:Cenotillo, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  4. ^ García Bernal, Manuela Cristina (1978). Población y encomienda en Yucatán bajo los Austrias (in Spanish). Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos. p. 513. ISBN 978-8-400-04399-5. Retrieved 1 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "Estado de Yucatán. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995" (PDF). inegi (in Spanish). Aguascalientes, Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. 1996. pp. 102, 110. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Cenotillo". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Cenotillo" (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "Tixbacab" (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 7 August 2015.