Census in Pakistan
مردم شماری پاکستان
The Bureau of Statistics conducts the census.
|Location(s)||Plot #21, Mauve Area,
|Inaugurated||1951 (age 65–66)|
|Previous event||March 14, 2017|
Chief Statistician/Chief Census Commissioner
The Census in Pakistan (Urdu: مردم شماری پاکستان), is a decennial census and a descriptive count of Pakistan's population on Census Day, and of their dwellings, conducted and supervised by the Bureau of Statistics of the Ministry of Finance and Statistics. The 2017 Census in Pakistan marks the first census to take place in Pakistan since 1998. The next census is scheduled for 2027.
A national census is mandated by the Constitution of Pakistan to be held every ten years. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the first census took place in 1951 under Finance Minister Sir Malik Ghulam, serving under Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan. Since 1951, there have been only 6 nationwide censuses (1961, 1972, 1981, 1998 and 2017). Delays and postponements have often been due to politicization. Pakistan's last completed census took place in 2017. The next national census was scheduled to take place in 2001 and later 2008, and again in 2010, but none of those plans could materialize.[better source needed] There were multiple census counts completed for the latest round in April 2012, but were subsequently thrown out as being "unreliable". A UN led census was to be conducted with staff training and GPS digitisation. As of 2015, the population of Pakistan is estimated at 191.71 million. As of 2016, the population of religious minorities in Pakistan have increased to 3 million. On August 25, 2017, the official results declared Pakistan's population to be 207.74 million.
According to the 1951 census, the population of Pakistan was 75 million, with 33.7 million residing in West Pakistan and 42 million residing in East Pakistan. Hindus constituted 12.9% of the population, which made Pakistan the second largest Hindu country in the world - West Pakistan had 1.6% of the Hindu population, while East Pakistan had 22.05%.
According to the 1961 census, the population of Pakistan was 93 million, with 42.8 million residing in West Pakistan and 50 million residing in East Pakistan. The literacy was 19.2%, in which East Pakistan had a literacy rate of 21.5% while West Pakistan had a literacy rate of 16.3%. Hindus in East Pakistan were 18.4% while the population growth rate was 2.4%.
The scheduled 1971 Census was postponed due to the political crisis of 1970 followed by the War of 1971 and subsequent loss of East Pakistan. In 1970, the population was 65 million in the east Pakistan and 58 million in the west Pakistan.
According to the 1981 census, the population of Pakistan was 83.783 million.
According to the 1998 census, the population of Pakistan was 130,857,717. With the inclusion of the population of Azad Jammu & Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, the population was 134,714,017 in 1998.
The seventh national census is scheduled to take place in 2027. At the current annual 2.4% growth rate (1998-2017), Pakistan will have a population of approximately 338,049,145.
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