Census in Pakistan

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Pakistan Census
مردم شماری پاکستان
The Bureau of Statistics conducts the census.
Location(s) Plot #21, Mauve Area,
G-9/1, Islamabad
Pakistan 44080
Country  Pakistan
Inaugurated 1951 (age 65–66)
Previous event March 14, 2017 (2017-03-14)
Next event 2027 (2027)
People Asif Bajwa[1]
Chief Statistician/Chief Census Commissioner

The Census in Pakistan (Urdu: مردم شماری پاکستان‎), is a decennial census and a descriptive count of Pakistan's population on Census Day, and of their dwellings, conducted and supervised by the Bureau of Statistics of the Ministry of Finance and Statistics.[2] The 2017 Census in Pakistan marks the first census to take place in Pakistan since 1998.[3] The next census is scheduled for 2027.


A national census is mandated by the Constitution of Pakistan to be held every ten years.[4][5] After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the first census took place in 1951 under Finance Minister Sir Malik Ghulam, serving under Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan.[6] Since 1951, there have been only 6 nationwide censuses (1961, 1972, 1981, 1998 and 2017). Delays and postponements have often been due to politicization. Pakistan's last completed census took place in 2017. The next national census was scheduled to take place in 2001 and later 2008,[7][8] and again in 2010, but none of those plans could materialize.[9][better source needed] There were multiple census counts completed for the latest round in April 2012,[10][11] but were subsequently thrown out as being "unreliable". A UN led census was to be conducted with staff training and GPS digitisation.[12] As of 2015, the population of Pakistan is estimated at 191.71 million.[13][14] As of 2016, the population of religious minorities in Pakistan have increased to 3 million.[15] On August 25, 2017, the official results declared Pakistan's population to be 207.74 million.[16]

Pakistan population density



According to the 1951 census, the population of Pakistan was 75 million, with 33.7 million residing in West Pakistan and 42 million residing in East Pakistan.[17][18] Hindus constituted 12.9% of the population, which made Pakistan the second largest Hindu country in the world - West Pakistan had 1.6% of the Hindu population, while East Pakistan had 22.05%.[19]


According to the 1961 census, the population of Pakistan was 93 million, with 42.8 million residing in West Pakistan and 50 million residing in East Pakistan.[17][18][18] The literacy was 19.2%, in which East Pakistan had a literacy rate of 21.5% while West Pakistan had a literacy rate of 16.3%.[20] Hindus in East Pakistan were 18.4%[19] while the population growth rate was 2.4%.


The scheduled 1971 Census was postponed due to the political crisis of 1970 followed by the War of 1971 and subsequent loss of East Pakistan.[21][22] In 1970, the population was 65 million in the east Pakistan and 58 million in the west Pakistan.[23]

According to the 1972 census, the population of Pakistan was 65.3 million.[24] [25] After 1972, the Census Organization was merged into the Ministry of Interior.[26]


According to the 1981 census, the population of Pakistan was 83.783 million.


According to the 1998 census, the population of Pakistan was 130,857,717.[27] With the inclusion of the population of Azad Jammu & Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, the population was 134,714,017 in 1998.


According to the 2017 census official results, declared on August 25, 2017, the population of Pakistan was 207,774,521.[28][16]


The seventh national census is scheduled to take place in 2027. At the current annual 2.4% growth rate (1998-2017), Pakistan will have a population of approximately 338,049,145.


  1. ^ et. al, Govt.Pakistan. "Chief Statistician/Chief Census Commissioner, PBS | Pakistan Bureau of Statistics". www.pbs.gov.pk. Chief Statistician, Govt. of Pakistan. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  2. ^ Civil service clerks, et.al. "Population Census" (html). www.pbs.gov.pk. Islamabad, Pakistan: Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  3. ^ "Pakistan, Let’s Talk About Sex". 
  4. ^ "Why the census is important for Pakistan". 
  5. ^ [Article 9] in PART II of Fourth Schedule: Federal Legislative List of Constitution of Pakistan.
  6. ^ "Population count: NADRA records cannot substitute for census, says Ravi Pinjani". 
  7. ^ "Plan to hold census in 2008: Cabinet okays F-16 purchase". dawn.com. 
  8. ^ "The census that may reveal too much?". 
  9. ^ "Population, housing census in Pakistan after Eid". Pakistan Times. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  10. ^ uzairakhan. "Pakistan's population up by 46.9 per cent since 1998". dawn.com. 
  11. ^ "Pak population increased by 46.9% between 1998 and 2011". The Times of India. 
  12. ^ "The Government of Pakistan, Statistics Division in collaboration with UN-Habitat and UNFPA reaffirm their support for the forthcoming Census". ReliefWeb. 
  13. ^ "Population, Labour Force and Employment PAKISTAN ECONOMIC SURVEY 2014–15" (PDF). 
  15. ^ Minorities’ vote bank reaches close to 3m
  16. ^ a b "PROVISIONAL SUMMARY RESULTS OF 6TH POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS-2017 | Pakistan Bureau of Statistics | 6th Population and Housing Census". www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-08-27. 
  17. ^ a b "Migration from East Pakistan(1951–1961)" (PDF). 
  18. ^ a b c http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files/other/pocket_book2006/2.pdf
  19. ^ a b D'Costa, Bina (2011), Nationbuilding, Gender and War Crimes in South Asia, Routledge, pp. 100–, ISBN 978-0-415-56566-0 
  20. ^ "East Wing beats West Wing in literacy rate". 
  21. ^ "Why a census counts". 
  22. ^ "Population survey: PM gives green light for sixth census". 
  23. ^ "When East overtakes West". 
  24. ^ "2.1 Population of Pakistan" (PDF). 
  25. ^ "Census & labour data". 
  26. ^ "Population Census Pakistan". 
  27. ^ "Pak population increased by 46.9% between 1998 and 2011". 
  28. ^ "Enumerating Pakistan".