A census town is a type of town that satisfies certain characteristics, depending on the country in which it is located.
In India, a census town is one which is not statutorily notified and administered as a town, but nevertheless whose population has attained urban characteristics. They are characterized by the following:
- Population exceeds 5,000
- At least 75% of male working population is employed outside the agricultural sector
- Minimum population density of 400 persons per km2
Examples of Indian census towns include Greater Noida, in Uttar Pradesh; Begampur, in West Bengal; Ramachandrapuram, in Andhra Pradesh; Amini, in Lakshadweep, Ghatshila in Purbi Singhbhum District of Jharkhand; and BGR Township (Bongaigaon Refinery Township) in Bongaigaon Urban Agglomeration.
According to Ireland's Central Statistics Office, a census town by definition has a "cluster of fifty or more occupied dwellings, not having a legally defined boundary, in which within a distance of 800 metres there is a nucleus of either thirty occupied houses on both sides of the road or twenty occupied houses on one side of the Road".
- Ramachhandran, M. (13 February 2012). "Rescuing cities from chaos". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Census of India: Some terms and definitions" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "New Census Towns Showcase New India", Mint.
- Census of India, 2001 "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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