Census town

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A census town is a type of town that satisfies certain characteristics, depending on the country in which it is located.


In India, a town is one which is not statutorily notified and administered as a town, but nevertheless whose population has attained urban characteristics.[1] They are characterized by the following:

  • Population exceeds 5,000
  • At least 75% of male working population is employed outside the agricultural sector
  • Minimum population density of 400 persons per km2[2][3]

Examples of Indian census towns include Greater Noida, in Uttar Pradesh; Begampur, in West Bengal; Amini, in Lakshadweep, Ghatshila in Purbi Singhbhum District of Jharkhand; and BGR Township (Bongaigaon Refinery Township) in Bongaigaon Urban Agglomeration.


According to Ireland's Central Statistics Office, a census town by definition has a "cluster of fifty or more occupied dwellings, not having a legally defined boundary, in which within a distance of 800 metres there is a nucleus of either thirty occupied houses on both sides of the road or twenty occupied houses on one side of the Road".


  1. ^ Ramachhandran, M. (13 February 2012). "Rescuing cities from chaos". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Census of India: Some terms and definitions" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  3. ^ "New Census Towns Showcase New India", Mint.

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