Center for Copyright Information
Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA)|
Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)
Independent Film & Television Alliance (IFTA)
American Association of Independent Music (A2IM)
Time Warner Cable
Thomas Dailey (Chairman)|
Steven Marks (Executive Vice President)
Daniel M. Mandil
The Center for Copyright Information (CCI) is an American organization focused on advocacy and initiatives in support of copyright law. The CCI aims to educate the public about copyright law; coordinates with copyright owners and Internet service providers (ISPs) about issues related to online copyright infringement; assists with the design, implementation, review, and promotion of an online infringement notification and mitigation system (the Copyright Alert System); collects and disseminates online infringement data; and promotes lawful means of obtaining copyrighted works. The organization was created as a partnership between industry associations, including the Motion Picture Association of America, the Recording Industry Association of America, and five major American Internet service providers.
The Center for Copyright Information was formed in September 2011 to coordinate efforts between the television, film and music industries and service providers to curb online copyright infringement and educate Internet subscribers about the issue. The RIAA began negotiations to create the Center for Copyright Information and its Copyright Alert System in December 2008, after it ceased a five-year litigation campaign against individual file sharers. Between 2003 and 2008, the RIAA adopted a practice of suing individual file sharers; previously it had focused on efforts to shut down peer-to-peer file sharing services.
The MPAA and RIAA, along with the Independent Film & Television Alliance and American Association of Independent Music, as associations representing independent producers in their fields, reached an agreement in July 2011 with five large ISPs to create the Copyright Alerts System. The trade groups argued copyright infringement was costing the U.S. economy hundreds of thousands of jobs and billions of dollars in lost earnings and tax revenue annually. New York Governor Andrew Cuomo helped bring parties to the table as part of his 2008 work with Internet service providers to block access to online child pornography. Under the July 2011 agreement, several U.S. Internet service providers, including Verizon Communications, Comcast, Time Warner Cable, Cablevision Systems and AT&T agreed to send alerts to customers who appeared to be using their accounts for illegal downloading. At the time of the agreement 75% of all broadband internet usage was provided by one of these five companies. The Memorandum of Understanding established that copyright holders and ISP’s would split the costs of the system 50/50. According to the CCI’s first tax filing, chronicling the first 8 months of the companies operations, CSA operation costs were $1,377,633.00. In July 2011, the Obama administration praised the formation of the CCI on the official White House Blog as "a positive step” and consistent with the executive branch’s strategy of encouraging voluntary intellectual property enforcement. In 2011, the CCI had its corporate status revoked according to the Columbia Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs for failing to file the proper paperwork, which they quickly resolved. In 2013, the CCI announced it would be supporting iKeepSafe’s pilot program. iKeepSafe, is an independently created curriculum designed to educate children about copyright law and fair use in the digital age.
Leadership and advisors
CCI is led by an executive committee, with Executive Director Jill Lesser as its head. Lesser was previously the senior vice president of domestic public policy for AOL, as well as the deputy director of public policy at People for the American Way.
In addition, the CCI has an advisory board which "consults actively on issues the Executive Committee is considering." The CCI's original advisory board includes consumer advocates Jerry Berman, founder of the Center for Democracy and Technology; Gigi Sohn, president and CEO of Public Knowledge; and Jules Polonetsky, director and co-chair of the Future of Privacy Forum. Leslie Harris, former President of the Center of Democracy and Technology replaced Gigi Sohn when she was asked by the Chairman of Federal Communication’s Commission, Tom Wheeler, to run the FCC’s External Affairs branch.
Copyright Alert System
The Copyright Alert System uses third parties to identify when copyrighted information is shared via peer-to-peer services. These third parties inform Internet service providers, which then send an alert to the relevant customer. The Copyright Alert System was launched in February 2013 by the Center for Copyright Information. The CCI has stated that the primary goal of the system is "to make consumers aware of activity that has occurred using their Internet accounts, educate them on how they can prevent such activity from happening again, and provide information about the growing number of ways to access digital content legally."
- Memorandum of Understanding; Aug. 2011 amendment; Oct. 2012 amendment.
- "Center for Copyright Information Announces Three Major Steps Towards Implementation". www.copyrightinformation.org. Center for Copyright Information. April 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- Kravets, David (7 July 2011). "ISPs to Disrupt Internet Access of Copyright Scofflaws". Wired. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- Kravets, David (18 May 2010). "Copyright Lawsuits Plummet in Aftermath of RIAA Campaign". Wired. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- Richwine, Lisa (7 July 2011). "Internet providers to act against online pirates". Reuters. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- Sisario, Ben (7 July 2011). "To Slow Piracy, Internet Providers Ready Penalties". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- Engelman, Eric (7 July 2011). "AT&T Joins Verizon in Fighting Web Piracy of Movies, Music". Bloomberg. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- Ernesto (August 3, 2012). "HAS YOUR ISP JOINED THE US "SIX STRIKES" ANTI-PIRACY SCHEME?". Torrent Freak. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Ernesto. ""SIX STRIKES"COPYRIGHT ALERT SYSTEM COSTS MILLIONS". Torrent Freak. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- "Center For Copyright Information Tax Return 2011" (PDF). IRS Form 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Victoria Espinel (7 July 2011). "Working Together to Stop Internet Piracy". www.whitehouse.gov. The White House. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- Sam. "US Center for Copyright Information Lost Its Title". Extra Torrent. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Mann, Colin. "Six strikes' effective in piracy fight". Advanced Television. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- "About the Center for Copyright Information". www.copyrightinformation.org. Center for Copyright Information. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- Masnick, Mike (2 April 2012). "Organization Overseeing Six Strikes Agreement Between Labels And ISPs Includes Advisory Board To Try To Keep Tech Folks Happy". Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- Tummarello, Kate. "'Six strikes' thwarting piracy, leader says". The Hill. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Stewart, Christopher (26 February 2013). "Warning System Launched for Movie, Music Pirates". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- Jill Lesser Espinel. "The Copyright Alert System: Moving to Implementation". www.copyrightinformation.org. Center for Copyright Information. Retrieved 20 February 2013.