Center for International Environmental Law

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Center for International Environmental Law
TypeNonprofit NGO
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland
Carroll Muffett (2010-present)
Revenue (2020)
Expenses (2020)$3,497,333
WebsiteOfficial website

The Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL) is a public nonprofit environmental law organisation based in Geneva, Switzerland with an office in Washington, DC, United States.[1] It was founded in 1989.[2] CIEL's team aims to "strength and use international law to protect the environment, promote human health, and ensure a environmental friendly society."[3] They help educate organizations, corporations, and the public on environmental issues and conduct their own research.[3] Carroll Muffett has been the president and CEO of CIEL since September 2010.[4][5] CIEL also offers internship, externship, and fellowship programs.[6][7][8]


CIEL's work can be divided into three programs: Climate and Energy; Environmental Health; and People, Land, and Resources.[1] Actions to protect environment and human rights include "collaborating to improve safeguard policies, increasing access to information through the Early Warning System, and supporting community-driven advocacy and complaints at the accountability mechanisms of multilateral banks."[9] Areas of interest include biodiversity, chemicals, climate change, human rights, environmental rights, international financial institutions, law and communities, plastic, and trade and sustainable development.[10]


CIEL has published several research reports and articles. Smoke and Fumes (2017) examined the oil and gas industry's efforts to fund the science and propaganda of climate denial, and has been cited in climate litigation against carbon majors.[11][12][13] Plastic & Health (2019) and Plastic & Climate (2019) have been featured in publications that seek to explain the impact of the plastic crisis on health, climate, and the environment.[14][15][16][17] In 2020, Pandemic Crisis, Systemic Decline examined the oil, gas, and petrochemical industry's attempts to use the COVID-19 pandemic for their own gain.[18][19] In 2022, Pushing Back, a report about the petrochemical industry's development and what that means for communities, was published.[20][21]


  1. ^ a b "Center for International Environmental Law - CIEL". Geneva Environmental Network. n.d. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  2. ^ "Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)". Charity Navigator. n.d. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  3. ^ a b "Center for International Environmental Law/The". Bloomberg. n.d. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  4. ^ Jacobo, Julia (2022-04-20). "Experts predict lasting environmental damage from Russia's invasion of Ukraine". ABC News. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  5. ^ "CIEL Announces Carroll Muffett as New President and CEO". CIEL. 2010-09-20. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  6. ^ "Center for International Environmental Law Spring 2021 Legal Intern". Harvard University. 2020-09-21. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  7. ^ "MASTER'S EXTERNSHIPS". Vermont Law School. n.d. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  8. ^ "Sohn Fellowship". CIEL. 2015. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  9. ^ "CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW (CIEL)". Coalition for Human Rights in Development. n.d. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  10. ^ "UN human rights experts urge treaty to address 'plastic tide'". United Nations Human Rights. 2022-02-22. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  11. ^ "Smoke & Fumes". Smoke & Fumes. n.d. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  12. ^ Mulvey, Kathy (2017-08-24). "ExxonMobil Attacks New Study That Exposes Its Climate Deception…Again". Union of Concerned Scientists. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  13. ^ Grasso, Marco. From Big Oil to Big Green: Holding the Oil Industry to Account for the Climate Crisis. p. 186.
  14. ^ Alberts, Elizabeth Claire (2021-10-22). "Plastics set to overtake coal plants on U.S. carbon emissions, new study shows". Mongabay. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  15. ^ "Plastic & Climate: The Hidden Costs of a Plastic Planet (May 2019)". CIEL. n.d. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  16. ^ "Plastic & Health: The Hidden Costs of a Plastic Planet (February <r2019)". CIEL. n.d. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  17. ^ Rubio-Domingo, Gabriela; Halevi, Amit (2022). "Making Plastics Emossions Transparent" (PDF). Coalition on Materials Emissions Transparency. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  18. ^ "Pandemic Crisis, Systemic Decline: Why Exploiting the COVID-19 Crisis Will Not Save the Oil, Gas, and Plastic Industries (April 2020)". CIEL. n.d. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  19. ^ Paremoer, Lauren; Nandi, Sulakshana; Serag, Hani; Braum, Fran (2021). "Covid-19 pandemic and the social determinants of health". BMJ. 372 (129): n129. doi:10.1136/bmj.n129. PMC 7842257. PMID 33509801.
  20. ^ "Pushing Back: A Guide for Frontline Communities Challenging Petrochemical Expansion (May 2022)". CIEL. n.d. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  21. ^ Noor, Dharna; Fabricant, Nicole (2022-04-12). "Fighting Off a Petrochemical Future in the Ohio River Valley". Yes! Magazine. Retrieved 2022-05-15.