Center for Open Science

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Center for Open Science
Center for Open Science.png
URLcos.io, osf.io
CommercialNo
Launched2013; 8 years ago (2013)
Current statusActive

The Center for Open Science is a non-profit technology organization based in Charlottesville, Virginia with a mission to "increase the openness, integrity, and reproducibility of scientific research."[1] Brian Nosek and Jeffrey Spies founded the organization in January 2013, funded mainly by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation and others.[2]

The organization began with work in reproducibility of psychology research, with the large-scale initiative Reproducibility Project: Psychology.[3][4][5] A second reproducibility project for cancer biology research has also been started through a partnership with Science Exchange.[6] In March 2017, the Center published a detailed strategic plan.[7] Brian Nosek posted a letter outlining the history of the Center and future directions.[8]

Open Science Framework[edit]

Reproducibility project[edit]

The Open Science Framework (OSF) is an open source software project that facilitates open collaboration in science research. The framework was initially used to work on a project in the reproducibility of psychology research,[9][10] but has subsequently in scope to become multidisciplinary.[11] The current reproducibility aspect of the project is a crowdsourced empirical investigation of the reproducibility of a variety of studies from psychological literature, sampling from three major journals: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Psychological Science, and Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.[12] Scientists from all over the world volunteer to replicate a study of their choosing from these journals, and follow a structured protocol for designing and conducting a high-powered replication of the key effect. The results were published in 2015.[13]

Preprints[edit]

In 2016, OSF started three new preprint services: engrXiv, SocArXiv, and PsyArXiv.[14] It subsequently opened its own preprint server in 2017, OSF Preprints.[15] Its unified search function includes preprints from OSF Preprints, alongside those from other servers such as Preprints.org, Thesis Commons, PeerJ, and multiple ArXiv repositories.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Center for Open Science". Business Plan. January 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Our Sponsors". cos.io. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  3. ^ "Center for Open Science". Retrieved 11 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ University of Virginia (4 March 2013). "New Center for Open Science Designed to Increase Research Transparency, Provide Free Technologies for Scientists". UVA Today. Retrieved 11 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Bohannon, John (5 March 2013). "Psychologists Launch a Bare-All Research Initiative". Science Magazine. Archived from the original on 2013-05-11. Retrieved 11 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "Reproducibility Initiative Receives $1.3M Grant to Validate 50 Landmark Cancer Studies". Retrieved 29 January 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "COS: Strategic Plan, v2.0". Google Docs. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  8. ^ "A Brief History of COS 2013-2017". cos.io. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  9. ^ Estes, Sarah (20 Dec 2012). "The Myth of Self-Correcting Science". The Atlantic. Retrieved 11 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ Yong, Ed (16 May 2012). "Replication studies: Bad copy". Nature News. Retrieved 11 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "OSF | Home". osf.io. Retrieved 2017-04-01.
  12. ^ "Do normative scientific practices and incentive structures produce a biased body of research evidence?".
  13. ^ Open Science Collaboration (2015). "Estimating the reproducibility of Psychological Science" (PDF). Science. 349 (6251): aac4716. doi:10.1126/science.aac4716. hdl:10722/230596. PMID 26315443.
  14. ^ Kelly, Jane (8 December 2016). "Psychology Professor Releases Free, Open-Source, Preprint Software". UVA Today. Retrieved 16 July 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ "OSF Preprints". cos.io. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
  16. ^ "Search preprints". osf.io. Retrieved 2021-02-26.

External links[edit]