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Center for Open Science

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Center for Open Science
URLcos.io, osf.io
Launched2013; 11 years ago (2013)
Current statusActive

The Center for Open Science is a non-profit technology organization based in Charlottesville, Virginia with a mission to "increase the openness, integrity, and reproducibility of scientific research."[1] Brian Nosek and Jeffrey Spies founded the organization in January 2013, funded mainly by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation and others.[2]

The organization began with work in reproducibility of psychology research, with the large-scale initiative Reproducibility Project: Psychology.[3][4][5] A second reproducibility project for cancer biology research has also been started through a partnership with Science Exchange.[6] In March 2017, the Center published a detailed strategic plan.[7] Brian Nosek posted a letter outlining the history of the Center and future directions.[8]

In 2020, the Center received a grant from Fast Grants to promote the publication of COVID-19 research on the platform.[9]

In 2021, the Center for Open Science was honored with the Einstein Foundation Award for Promoting Quality in Research [de] in the institutional category for their contribution to fostering research integrity and to improving transparency and accessibility.[10]

Open Science Framework[edit]

Reproducibility project[edit]

The Open Science Framework (OSF) is an open source software project that facilitates open collaboration in science research. The framework was initially used to work on a project in the reproducibility of psychology research,[11][12] but has subsequently become multidisciplinary.[13] The current reproducibility aspect of the project is a crowdsourced empirical investigation of the reproducibility of a variety of studies from psychological literature, sampling from three major journals: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Psychological Science, and Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. Scientists volunteer to replicate a study of their choosing from these journals, and follow a structured protocol for designing and conducting a high-powered replication of the key effect. The results were published in 2015.[14]


In 2016, OSF started three new preprint services: engrXiv, SocArXiv, and (with the Society for the Improvement of Psychological Science) PsyArXiv.[15] It subsequently opened its own preprint server in 2017, OSF Preprints.[16] Its unified search function includes preprints from OSF Preprints, alongside those from other servers such as Preprints.org, Thesis Commons, PeerJ, and multiple ArXiv repositories.[17]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Center for Open Science". Business Plan. January 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  2. ^ "Our Sponsors". cos.io. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  3. ^ "Center for Open Science". Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  4. ^ University of Virginia (4 March 2013). "New Center for Open Science Designed to Increase Research Transparency, Provide Free Technologies for Scientists". UVA Today. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  5. ^ Bohannon, John (5 March 2013). "Psychologists Launch a Bare-All Research Initiative". Science Magazine. Archived from the original on 2013-05-11. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Reproducibility Initiative Receives $1.3M Grant to Validate 50 Landmark Cancer Studies". Archived from the original on 2015-01-29. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  7. ^ "COS: Strategic Plan, v2.0". Google Docs. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  8. ^ "A Brief History of COS 2013-2017". cos.io. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  9. ^ "Fast Grants". Fast Grants. Archived from the original on 2021-12-23. Retrieved 2023-05-21.
  10. ^ "Einstein Foundation Award Recipients and Finalists: Center for Open Science". Einstein Foundation Berlin. Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  11. ^ Estes, Sarah (20 Dec 2012). "The Myth of Self-Correcting Science". The Atlantic. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  12. ^ Yong, Ed (16 May 2012). "Replication studies: Bad copy". Nature. 485 (7398): 298–300. Bibcode:2012Natur.485..298Y. doi:10.1038/485298a. PMID 22596136. S2CID 4321991.
  13. ^ "OSF | Home". osf.io. Retrieved 2017-04-01.
  14. ^ Open Science Collaboration (2015). "Estimating the reproducibility of Psychological Science" (PDF). Science. 349 (6251): aac4716. doi:10.1126/science.aac4716. hdl:10722/230596. PMID 26315443. S2CID 218065162.
  15. ^ Kelly, Jane (8 December 2016). "Psychology Professor Releases Free, Open-Source, Preprint Software". UVA Today. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  16. ^ "OSF Preprints". cos.io. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
  17. ^ "Search preprints". osf.io. Archived from the original on 2017-02-14. Retrieved 2021-02-26.

External links[edit]