Center for Quantum Nanoscience

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IBS Center for Quantum Nanoscience (QNS)
양자나노과학 연구단
Established1 January 2017; 2 years ago (2017-01-01)
Research typeBasic science
Field of research
Quantum nanoscience, scanning tunneling microscope, quantum technology, nanoscience
DirectorAndreas J. Heinrich
Address52 Ewhayeodae-gil, Daehyeon-dong, Seodaemun-gu
LocationSeoul, South Korea
Coordinates: 37°33′42.72″N 126°56′48.60″E / 37.5618667°N 126.9468333°E / 37.5618667; 126.9468333
03760
CampusEwha Womans University
Operating agency
Institute for Basic Science
Websiteqns.science
Center for Quantum Nanoscience
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationYangjananogwahak Yeongudan
McCune–ReischauerYangchananokwahak Yŏnkutan

The Center for Quantum Nanoscience was founded in 2017 as part of efforts for South Korea to expand basic science research. Classified as an Extramural Center of the Institute for Basic Science, it is hosted by Ewha Womans University in Seoul, South Korea. Their research focuses on exploring quantum properties of atoms and molecules on surfaces and interfaces and long-term goals of quantum sensing and quantum computation in those areas.

Their dedicated building started construction in 2018 and is set to open in 2019.[1][2]

Research results[edit]

Within two years of their founding, several published outcomes indicate growing leadership in the exploding field of quantum nanoscience. For example, they reduced digital memory down to a single holmium atom on MgO substrate using a scanning tunneling microscope.[3][4] At time of their publishing, commercially-available magnetic memory devices require approximately one million atoms to record the same amount of data. This storage miniaturization has additional potential to serve as the basis of quantum computing.[3] Researchers also coupled atom's nuclear spin and its electron counterpart, which resulted in measuring the nuclear spin of single atoms of iron and titanium with an improvement of energy resolution by a fact of 10,000. This level of control could lead to a computational base unit of quantum computing.[5]

Research directions and goals[edit]

The center has stated their desire to achieve full control of quantum states of atoms and molecules on clean surfaces and near interfaces which would allow usage of high-sensitivity quantum sensors and the usage of single atoms and molecules as quantum bits for computation applications. Create a theoretical framework on how the quantum properties of atoms and molecules change from gas to solid-state environments and their interactions with conduction electrons. And understand the transition from coherent quantum to more classical systems while in solid-state environment.[6]

The research center also is hosting the first international conference on quantum nanoscience in Seoul in 2019.[7][8]

Awards[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Center for Quantum Nanoscience Groundbreaking Ceremony at Ewha Womans University". Institute for Basic Science. 25 April 2018. Retrieved 16 May 2018. The Center for Quantum Nanoscience at the Institute for Basic Science (Director Andreas Heinrich) will have a revolutionary new research space. The Research Collaboration Building (tentatively named) to be constructed by February 2019 at Ewha Womans University will be the new home of the Center.
  2. ^ "QNS State-of-the-Art Research Facility". Center for Quantum Nanoscience. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  3. ^ a b Natterer, Fabian D.; Yang, Kai; Paul, William; Willke, Philip; Choi, Taeyoung; Greber, Thomas; Heinrich, Andreas J.; Lutz, Christopher P. (8 March 2017). "Reading and Writing Single Atom Magnets". Nature. 543 (7644): 226–228. arXiv:1607.03977. Bibcode:2017Natur.543..226N. doi:10.1038/nature21371.
  4. ^ "Reading and Writing Single Atom Magnets". Center For Quantum Nanoscience. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  5. ^ Bae, Yujeong; Yang, Kai; Lado, Jose; Ferrón, Alejandro; Choi, Taeyoung; Ardavan, Arzhang; Fernández-Rossier, Joaquín; Heinrich, Andreas; Lutz, Christopher (19 October 2018). "Hyperfine interaction of individual atoms on a surface". Science. 362 (6412): 336–339. doi:10.1126/science.aat7047. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Center for Quantum Nanoscience". Institute for Basic Science. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  7. ^ Phark, Soo-Hyon; Heinrich, Andreas. "양자나노과학연구단" [Center for Quantum Nanoscience] (PDF). 물리학과 첨단기술 (in Korean). Korean Physical Society. p. 11. doi:10.3938/PhiT.27.028. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  8. ^ IBS Conference on Quantum Nanoscience. IBS Conference on Quantum Nanoscience. Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea. 25–27 September 2019. Retrieved 11 March 2019.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  9. ^ "2018 Stanley Corrsin Award Recipient". www.aps.org. Retrieved 2019-03-22.
  10. ^ "2018 Foresight Institute Feynman Prize". foresight.org. Retrieved 2019-03-22.
  11. ^ "Andreas Heinrich Awarded Prize from the Minister of Science and ICT for the Smallest Memory Storage Unit in the World". Center for Quantum Nanoscience. 9 January 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  12. ^ 김, 민아 (11 October 2018). "이화여대 연구자, 국가연구개발 우수성과 100선 선정". 천지일보. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  13. ^ "Three IBS Centers Listed on "Outstanding National R&D Performances in 2018"". Institute for Basic Science. 25 October 2018. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Winners of the OePG Awards 2018". Austrian Physical Society. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  15. ^ "68th Annual Meeting of the Austrian Physical Society" (PDF). 68th Annual Meeting of the Austrian Physical Society Program and Abstracts. Institute of Experimental Physics, Graz University of Technology. 10–13 September 2018. p. 145.CS1 maint: Date format (link)

External links[edit]