Centerton, Arkansas

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Centerton, Arkansas
City
Location of Centerton in Benton County, Arkansas.
Location of Centerton in Benton County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 36°21′42″N 94°17′12″W / 36.36167°N 94.28667°W / 36.36167; -94.28667Coordinates: 36°21′42″N 94°17′12″W / 36.36167°N 94.28667°W / 36.36167; -94.28667
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyBenton
Area[1]
 • Total13.24 sq mi (34.29 km2)
 • Land13.11 sq mi (33.94 km2)
 • Water0.14 sq mi (0.35 km2)
Elevation1,253 ft (382 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total9,515
 • Estimate (2017)[2]14,001
 • Density1,068.37/sq mi (412.50/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code72719
Area code(s)479
FIPS code05-12820
GNIS feature ID0076573
Websitewww.centertonar.us

Centerton is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. Located west of Bentonville on Highway 102, Centerton has grown from a railroad stop and fruit orchard community in the early 20th century into a suburban bedroom community within the rapidly growing Northwest Arkansas (NWA) region. The city's population has grown from 491 in 1990 to 12,861 in 2016.[3]

History[edit]

Native American hunters and early settlers were drawn to present-day Centerton by natural springs, including what is now known as McKissick Spring. In the Antebellum South era, an early church and school built along the spring were named Center Point, for the community's central location in Benton County. Though the area did not see any formal action during the Civil War, Union troops camped at McKissick Spring on March 5, 1862, shortly before the Battle of Pea Ridge.

After the Reconstruction era, the Arkansas-Oklahoma Railroad Company connected Rogers, Arkansas and Grove, Oklahoma through western Benton County. The railroad opened the apple and strawberry orchards of the county to new markets, bringing economic prosperity, development, and population growth to the region. Upon laying out the town in 1900, the name was changed to Centerton, as Center Point was already registered in Howard County.[4]

Geography[edit]

Centerton is located near the center of Benton County at 36°21′42″N 94°17′12″W / 36.36167°N 94.28667°W / 36.36167; -94.28667 (36.361541, -94.286543).[5] Arkansas Highway 102 runs through the center of the city and leads east 5 miles (8 km) to Bentonville and west 11 miles (18 km) to Decatur.

The city has a total area of 11.9 square miles (30.8 km2), of which 11.7 square miles (30.4 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.13%, is water.[6]

Region[edit]

The Northwest Arkansas region consists of three Arkansas counties: Benton, Madison, and Washington, and McDonald County, Missouri. The area had a population of 347,045 at the 2000 census which had increased to 463,204 by the 2010 Census (an increase of 33.47 percent). The region does not consist of the usual principal-city-with-suburbs morphology; though today Centerton is largely a suburb of Bentonville. The Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport is located south of Centerton and is used to connect all of the Northwest Arkansas region to the rest of the nation. For more than the last decade, Northwest Arkansas has been one of the fastest-growing regions in the United States.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920212
1930206−2.8%
19402196.3%
1950200−8.7%
1960177−11.5%
197031276.3%
198042536.2%
199049115.5%
20002,146337.1%
20109,515343.4%
Est. 201714,001[2]47.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2014 Estimate[9]

As of the 2010 census Centerton had a population of 9,515. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 78.7% non-Hispanic white, 3.5% non-Hispanic black, 1.2% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.6% from two or more races and 12.2% Hispanic or Latino.[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 2,146 people, 730 households, and 602 families residing in the city. The population density was 533.8 people per square mile (206.1/km²). There were 796 housing units at an average density of 198.0 per square mile (76.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.37% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.70% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 4.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 730 households out of which 50.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.3% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.4% were non-families. 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the city, the population was spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 38.5% from 25 to 44, 13.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,600, and the median income for a family was $50,000. Males had a median income of $31,216 versus $22,731 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,530. About 6.2% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Region[edit]

The Northwest Arkansas economy was historically based upon agriculture and poultry. In recent decades, NWA has seen rapid growth and diversification of its economy based upon the three Fortune 500 companies based there, Walmart, Tyson Foods, and J.B. Hunt, while also seeing a growing University of Arkansas and cultural amenities sector. Although impacted by the Great Recession, NWA's economy fared better than most peer metropolitan areas, the state of Arkansas and the United States overall. Between 2007 and 2013, the region saw unemployment rates significantly below those of peer regions and the national average; while also seeing a 1% net growth of jobs. The NWA gross domestic product grew 7.0% over the aforementioned time period, and bankruptcies, building permits and per capita incomes are returning to pre-Recession rates.[12]

The professional, education and health care sectors of the Northwest Arkansas economy have been growing steadily since 2007. Between 2007 and 2013, the region has seen a growth of 8,300 jobs in the region, with 6,100 added in education and health professions and 4,300 jobs added in the leisure and hospitality jobs related to the region's cultural amenities.[12] The government and transportation sectors have remained relatively constant between 2007 and 2013, however the manufacturing sector has seen steady decline, mirroring national averages. The construction and real estate sectors saw large declines attributable to the poor housing market during the economic downturn.

Education[edit]

Public education for elementary and secondary students is provided by Bentonville School District, which leads to graduation from Bentonville West High School. Centerton is home of two of the district's schools. Centerton Gamble Elementary School, which serves kindergarten through grade 4 and Bentonville West High School which serves grade 9 to grade 12 (graduation).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "Centerton (Benton County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Little Rock: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System. February 16, 2018. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Centerton city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  7. ^ "Northwest Arkansas leads growth in state, 14th fastest-growing metro area nationwide – Talk Business & Politics". Talk Business & Politics. 2018-03-22. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved June 26, 2016.
  10. ^ 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics of Centerton from the US census
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ a b "2013 State of the Northwest Arkansas Region Report" (PDF). University of Arkansas Sam Walton College of Business and the Northwest Arkansas Council. 2013. p. 9. Retrieved September 14, 2014.

External links[edit]