Poise

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The poise (symbol P; English: /ˈpɔɪzˌˈpwɑːz/) is the unit of dynamic viscosity (absolute viscosity) in the centimetre–gram–second system of units.[1] It is named after Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille.

The analogous unit in the International System of Units is the pascal-second (Pa·s):[2]

The poise is often used with the metric prefix centi- because the viscosity of water at 20 °C (NTP) is almost exactly 1 centipoise.[3] A centipoise is one hundredth of a poise, equal to one millipascal-second (mPa·s) in SI units (1 cP = 10−3 Pa·s = 1 mPa·s).[4]

The CGS symbol for the centipoise is cP. The abbreviations cps, cp, and cPs are sometimes seen.

Liquid water has a viscosity of 0.00890 P at 25 °C and a pressure of 1 atmosphere (0.00890 P = 0.890 cP = 0.890 mPa·s).[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gooch, Jan W. (2010). Encyclopedia dictionary of polymers. (2nd ed.). Berlin: Springer. ISBN 978-1-4419-6246-1. 
  2. ^ Reid, Robert C. (1987). The Properties of Gases and Liquids. (4th ed.). McGraw-Hill. 
  3. ^ Parker, Sybil P. (1988). Fluid Mechanics Source Book. (1st ed.). McGraw-Hill. 
  4. ^ Lide, David R. (1994). CRC Handbook of Thermophysical and Thermochemical Data. (1st ed.). CRC Press. 
  5. ^ "Viscosity of Liquids", in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91st Edition, W.M. Haynes, ed., CRC Press/Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton, FL, 2010-2011.