Central–Wan Chai Bypass
|Part of Route 4|
Tunnel portal in Central (January 2019)
|Maintained by Highways Department|
|Length||4 km (2 mi)|
|East end||Fortress Hill|
|West end||Sheung Wan|
|Districts||Eastern, Wan Chai, Central and Western|
|Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System|
The Central–Wan Chai Bypass (Chinese: 中環及灣仔繞道; Jyutping: zung1 waan4 kap6 waan1 zai2 jiu2 dou4) is a four-kilometre trunk road running between Sheung Wan and Fortress Hill on Hong Kong Island. The original design consists of a 2.3 km dual three-lane tunnel running under new reclamation areas provided by the Central and Wan Chai Reclamation project, and also connections to Connaught Road West flyover and Island Eastern Corridor. It substitutes Connaught Road Central, Harcourt Road, Gloucester Road and Victoria Park Road to be part of Route 4.
The bypass opened to traffic on 20 January 2019.
The project, originally estimated to cost HK$28 billion, was approved by the Legislative Council finance committee in 2009, following a "decade of objections and legal challenges" from environmentalists and citizens concerned by further reclamation of Victoria Harbour. An Environmental Permit was issued under the Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance and construction began the same year.
Lawmakers were "shocked" in 2013 by cost overruns. The Transport and Housing Bureau requested HK$8 billion in extra funding, bringing the total bill to HK$36 billion. Gary Fan, a member of LegCo's transport panel, asked: "Did the government deliberately underestimate the cost in order to get Legco to pass it?" The government bureau blamed unforeseen geotechnical difficulties as well as fluctuating labour and materials costs for the 28 per cent budget increase.
On 15 September 2015 the Director of Highways announced that the Central–Wan Chai Bypass will not open in 2017 as previously anticipated. He blamed a large metal object (probably a sunken ship) that was found on the seabed at the reclamation site in Wan Chai. As a result of the discovery, reclamation works were suspended for some time.
The bypass starts from Rumsey Street Flyover at Sheung Wan. It enters a tunnel outside the International Finance Centre in Central, then heads east past the Tamar site in Admiralty with an interchange at Wan Chai. It continues to head east under the proposed reclamation areas of Wan Chai, Causeway Bay and Tin Hau. The original design to have the bypass via Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter leave the tunnel and connect with Island Eastern Corridor at Fortress Hill was amended so that the bypass would now emerge from the tunnel between the IEC carriageways, merging with them near Oil Street, Fortress Hill.
Ventilation is an indispensable part for the operation of the tunnel as it will supply fresh air to maintain good air-quality environment to the commuters inside the tunnel while discharge vitiated air in a controlled manner at pre-determined suitable locations of exhaust. The tunnel ventilation system is also required to remove smoke in case of tunnel fire incidents. It is proposed to have three ventilation buildings sited near the western end, mid-length and eastern end of the Bypass to achieve the three objectives of supplying fresh air, extracting vitiated air and removing smoke during fire.
To achieve an energy efficient ventilation system by shortening the air extraction path, the location of proposed East Ventilation Building (EVB) needs to be as close to the tunnel portal as possible.
- Central–Wan Chai Bypass and Island Eastern Corridor Link Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
- Route Diagram – Route 4
- "Commissioning of Central-Wan Chai Bypass and Island Eastern Corridor Link to take place on January 20". Hong Kong Government. 28 December 2018.
- Siu, Phila (13 November 2013). "Anger as bill for Central-Wan Chai Bypass goes up HK$8b to HK$36b". South China Morning Post.
- "HyD's response to media enquiries on latest progress of Central - Wan Chai Bypass and Island Eastern Corridor Link project". Hong Kong Government. 15 September 2015.
- Public Engagement Digest - Harbourfront Enhancement Review
- Central - Wan Chai Bypass Connecting Island Eastern Corridor Enhancement Scheme for East Ventilation Building Public Consultation Leaflet Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Central-Wan Chai Bypass.|
- Highways Department - Major Projects - Central-Wan Chai Bypass and Island Eastern Corridor Link
- Central-Wan Chai Bypass Project Website
- Two years time lapse record of Wan Chai section construction work (YouTube video)
- Semi-submersible ship installing large precast unit (YouTube video)
- Central – Wan Chai Bypass and Island Eastern Corridor Link construction sites (YouTube video)
Island Eastern Corridor
| Hong Kong Route 4
Central–Wan Chai Bypass
Connaught Road West