|• Total||1.887 sq mi (4.89 km2)|
|• Land||1.887 sq mi (4.89 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||2,884 ft (879 m)|
|• Density||340/sq mi (130/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||2693|
Central was first homesteaded by the Cluff family in 1880. The Cluffs extended the Central Canal to their lands on the eastern side of Central. Later settlers extended the canal west and north. In 1883 construction began on a one-room white rock building to be used as a church meeting house and school house. By 1884 twenty families, including Cluff, Norton, Shurtz, Bigler, and Webster households resided in Central. In 1978 the streets were named after these early Mormon pioneers. In December 1883 the Central Ward of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints was organized and Joseph Cluff was ordained the first bishop. A new red brick church was built in 1885. It was the first regular meeting house built in this part of Arizona and was also the first home of the LDS Academy from December 1890 to May 1891. A plaque east of Hwy 70 on Central Road commemorates the original home of the St. Joseph Stake Academy that later moved to Thatcher and became Eastern Arizona College.
In 1894, LDS Church historian Andrew Jensen reported on the Central Ward: "Thirty-five families or 178 souls, constitute the Mormon population, and there are only two other families in the district. Central excels in point of large orchards, extensive alfalfa fields and good grain. The meeting house is the only public building in the settlement, in which there is also a small store and a post office. There are a number of fine and comfortable private residences, built mostly of brick and adobe."
A railroad through Central was completed in 1896. The head of the Central Canal washed out in 1905. Since then, the Smithville and Union Canals have been used exclusively.
The Gila Valley Arizona Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, opened in 2010, is located in Central. The temple is the third LDS temple built in Arizona and the first temple announced by Thomas S. Monson after being sustained as President of the Church in 2008. Monson dedicated the temple on May 23, 2010.
- James Martin Smith 1892-1970, local rancher, farmer, church leader, and politician, was a Democratic party candidate for Arizona governor and owner of the Arizona Journal newspaper.
- Jack Elam, an actor in 119 movies and 260 television appearances was briefly a resident of Central as a child. He received a 1977 daytime Emmy nomination. Then in 1983 Jack received the Golden Boot Award and in 1994 he was inducted into the Cowboy Hall of Fame in Oklahoma City.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Central". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Map of Central, AZ". Google Maps.
- Jensen, Andrew. History of Central, LDS Church Historian.
- Hooper, ed., Talana S. (1983). A Century in Central 1883-1983. Central, Arizona: Central Centennial Book Committee.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-31. Retrieved 2008-10-04. - Gila Valley Arizona LDS (Mormon) Temple - LDS Church Temples - 2008
- Hooper, ed., Talana S. (1983). A Century In Central 1883-1983. Central, Arizona: Central Centennial Book Committee. pp.52-53.
- Magers, Boyd. "Characters and Heavies". Western Clippings. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
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