The Adelaide Mosque was built in 1888, and is the oldest major city mosque in Australia. Its original four minarets were added in 1903. Muslims from as far away as Broken Hill and Kalgoorlie gathered at least once a year at the Adelaide Mosque, usually for the Fast of Ramadan. In 1890 it was reported that 80 Afghans were present to observe this important festival.
In 1959, Ahmed Skaka (originally from Bosnia) was an Imam at the Adelaide Mosque.
In January 2016 it was revealed that almost two-thirds of the mosque’s income comes from halal certification and that the mosque had not submitted the requisite financial returns for two years. The Australian Charities and Not-For-Profits Commission revoked the Adelaide Mosque tax exemption status as a charity.