Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute

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Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute
Native name
Центра́льный аэрогидродинами́ческий институ́т имени профессора Н. Е. Жуковского
Typefederal state unitary enterprise
Founded1918; 104 years ago (1918)
FounderNikolay Zhukovsky
Area served
Key people
  • Kirill Sypalo - General Director
  • Sergey Chernyshev - Research Director
OwnerRussian Federation
Number of employees
4392 (2013)

The Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute (also (Zhukovsky) Central Institute of Aerodynamics, Russian: Центра́льный аэрогидродинами́ческий институ́т, ЦАГИ, romanizedTsentral'nyy Aerogidrodinamicheskiy Institut, TsAGI) was founded in Moscow by Russian aviation pioneer Nikolai Yegorovich Zhukovsky on December 1, 1918.


From 1925 and up to the 1930s, TsAGI developed and hosted Tupolev's AGOS (Aviatziya, Gidroaviatziya i Opytnoye Stroitelstvo, the "Aviation, Hydroaviation, and Experimental Construction"), the first aircraft design bureau in Soviet Union, and at the time the main one.[1] In 1930, two other major aircraft design bureaus in the country were the Ilyushin's TsKB (Tsentralnoye Konstruksionnoye Byuro means "Central Design Bureau") and an independent, short-lived Kalinin's team in Kharkiv.[1]

In 1935 TsAGI was partly relocated to the former dacha settlement Otdykh (literally, "Relaxation") converted to the new urban-type settlement Stakhanovo. It was named after Alexey Stakhanov, a famous Soviet miner. On April 23, 1947, the settlement was granted town status and renamed to Zhukovsky. The Moscow branch of the institute is known Moscow complex of TsAGI.

In 1965 in Zhukovsky a Department of Aeromechanics and Flight Engineering of MIPT was established with support of TsAGI's research and knowledge base to educate young specialists for aerospace industry.

Among TsAGI's developments are the participation in the rocket Energia and the Space Shuttle Buran projects.

Heads of the institute[edit]

  • 1918–1921: N. Y. Zhukovsky
  • 1921–1931: S. A. Chaplygin
  • 1932–1937: N. M. Kharlamov
  • 1938–1939: M. N. Shulzhenko
  • 1940–1941: I. F. Petrov [ru]
  • 1941–1950: S. N. Shishkin
  • 1950–1960: A. I. Makarevsky
  • 1960–1967: V. M. Myasishchev
  • 1967–1989: G. P. Swischjov [ru]
  • 1989–1995: G I. Zagaynov
  • 1995–1998: V. Ja. Neuland
  • 1998–2006: V. G. Dmitriyev
  • 2006–2007: V. A. Kargopoltsev
  • 2007–2009: S. L. Chernyshev [ru]
  • 2009–2015: B. S. Aljoshin
  • 2015–2018: S. L. Chernyshev
  • August 2018–present: K. I. Sypalo

Famous scientist (partial list)[edit]

See also Category:Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute employees


  1. ^ a b Albrecht, Ulrich; Nikutta, Randolph (October 1993). The Soviet armaments industry. pp. 15–16. ISBN 978-3-7186-5313-3.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°35′36″N 38°06′24″E / 55.59333°N 38.10667°E / 55.59333; 38.10667