Central Air Force Museum
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Aerial view of the outdoor exhibit
|Established||28 November 1958|
|Location||Monino, Moscow Oblast, Russia|
The Central Air Force Museum (Russian: Центральный музей Военно-воздушных сил РФ) is an aviation museum in Monino, Moscow Oblast, Russia. A branch of the Central Armed Forces Museum, it is one of the world's largest aviation museums, and the largest for Soviet aircraft, with a collection including 173 aircraft and 127 aircraft engines on display. The museum also features additional displays, including Cold War-era American espionage equipment, weapons, instruments, uniforms, artwork, and a library containing books, films, and photos is also accessible to visitors.
The origins of the museum go back to 1940 when the village of Monino was selected to be the location of the Gagarin Air Force Academy. The museum itself was founded in 1958, two years after the airfield was closed, and had 6 aircraft and 20 aircraft guns at the time. When it opened to the public another two years later in 1960, it had 14 aircraft. By early 1970, the museum's collection had expanded to about 40 aircraft. In 1990, the aircraft on display were rearranged according to design bureau and chronological order. The museum's main hall was mostly destroyed by fire in 2005.
Prior to 1999, the museum was closed to the public, because of the display of classified prototypes from the era of the former Soviet Union. In July 2016, the museum is scheduled to close for an unspecified time. It has been reported that the closure of the adjoining military academy means that the funding and security will stop with the result of most of the exhibits being relocated to a new site, although many of the larger aircraft (over 70 tons weight) may be scrapped.
Since the museum is situated on the territory of a military unit (Gagarin Air Force Academy), all visitors must pass the entrance gate to the military complex. As of summer 2006, special permission to visit is no longer required. As of March 2012[update] there are apparently only five full-time employees at the museum, which opens on an occasional basis. Visitors are advised to confirm in advance when the museum is open.
The Museum guide offers this advice for visiting the museum:
- by minibus or bus no. 362 from Schelkovskay metro station/bus station to Monino.
- by bus no 322 (Moscow - Noginsk route) from the bus station near Partizanskaya station to "Academy VVS" stop (38 km).
- by train from Yaroslavsky railway station (Komsomolskaya metro station) to Monino.
There are lavatory facilities, a small shop and vending machine for food and drinks (May 2014). There are two large hangars with well-displayed items and much material about the items, but all in Russian, although some have a brief translation into English. Another hangar, as of March 2012 is under construction to house more exhibits that are to be moved from the field into the new hangar. A museum booklet is available, published in 2008, from the museum officials. 36 A4 pages long, the booklet includes an introduction, along with photographs and descriptions of each individual aeroplane.
Aircraft on display
Transport and passenger aircraft
Sukhoi T-4 (Su-100)
Tupolev Tu-22M (Backfire)
Myasishchev M-50 (Bounder)
Tupolev Tu-22 (Blinder)
Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)
Myasishchev 3M (Bison)
Mil Mi-12 (Homer)
Mil Mi-26 (Halo)
Mil Mi-6 (Hook)
Mil Mi-6B (Hook)
Mil Mi-24A (Hind-A)
Mil Mi-25 (Hind-D)
Kamov Ka-25 (Hormone)
Mil Mi-10 (Harke)
Yakovlev Yak-24 (Horse)
Myasishchev M-17 (Mystic) Experimental High-Altitude Aircraft
MiG-105 Spiral EPOS Orbital Spaceplane (OS) Prototype Nr. 11 (sub-sonic)
Beriev Bartini VVA-14 Vertical take-off amphibious aircraft prototype
- "О музее". Центральный Музей ВВС РФ (in Russian). Retrieved 30 April 2017.
- Palmer, Scott W. (2 July 2007). "The Russian Air Force Museum at Monino (pt. 2)". Dictatorship of the Air. Scott W. Palmer. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
- "Russian Air Force Museum on fire". Sputnik International. Sputnik. 19 August 2005. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
- "Минобороны развеяло слухи об уничтожении коллекции Музея авиации в подмосковном Монино". 5 Родной (in Russian). ОАО Телерадиокомпания «Петербург». 9 February 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
- (in Russian) На авиамузей в Монино наплевали с большой высоты
- (in Russian) Центральный музей ВВС в Монино
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Central Air Force Museum.|
- (in Russian) Homepage of the Monino museum
- (in English) Guide for foreign visitors and virtual tour
- (in English) Information and photos of the museum
- (in Russian) Central Armed Forces Museum page for the museum