Central American Games

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The Central American Games (Spanish: Juegos Deportivos Centroamericanos) are a multi-sport regional championships event, held quadrennial (every 4 years), typically in the first year after Summer Olympics. The Games are open for member federations of the Central American Sports Organization (Spanish: Organización Deportiva Centroamericana) ORDECA in Central American countries.[1] (in Spanish)

The Games have had an equivalent to the Olympic Flame, being ignited in Q'umarkaj, one of the ancient cultural Mayan centers located in El Quiché, Guatemala.[2] However, some people and organizations have criticised the games for not including the Mesoamerican ballgame, the oldest ball sport in the continent, on the sports programme.

The competition is the second multi-sport event to have the name: the Central American and Caribbean Games began life in 1926 as the Central American Games and had this moniker until it expanded its remit in 1935.

Editions[edit]

Host cities of the Central American Games
Games Year Opened by Host country
(as recognized by IOC)
Host city Dates Nations Competitors Sports Top nation
1973 I Alejandro Maldonado Aguirre  Guatemala Guatemala City 24 November – 2 December 6 16 966  Panama
1977 II Carlos Humberto Romero  El Salvador San Salvador 25 November – 4 December 5 18 1282  Panama
1986 III Estadio Doroteo Guamuch Flores  Guatemala Guatemala City 4–10 January 5 20 1320  Guatemala
1990 IV José Azcona  Honduras Tegucigalpa 5–14 January 6 22 2082  Guatemala
1994 V Armando Calderón Sol  El Salvador San Salvador 25 November – 1 December 7 27 2112  El Salvador
1997 VI Carlos Roberto Reina  Honduras San Pedro Sula 5–15 December 7 25 2290  El Salvador
2001 VII Harris Whitbeck  Guatemala Guatemala City 22 November – 3 December 7 29 2182  Guatemala
2006 VIII Melitón Sánchez  Nicaragua Managua 2–12 March 6 19 1095  Guatemala
2010 IX Ricardo Martinelli  Panama Panama City 9–19 April 6 23 1739  El Salvador
2013 X Laura Chinchilla  Costa Rica San José 3–17 March 7 26 2738  Guatemala
2017 XI Daniel Ortega  Nicaragua Managua 3–17 December 7 27 3500  Guatemala
2021 XII  El Salvador Santa Tecla 5–19 December 7

All time medal table (1997 - 2017)[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Guatemala (GUA)5354813821398
2 El Salvador (ESA)4633513881202
3 Costa Rica (CRC)3423433751060
4 Panama (PAN)203235272710
5 Nicaragua (NIC)166230383779
6 Honduras (HON)166225333724
7 Belize (BLZ)11253268
Totals (7 nations)1886189021655941

Sports[edit]

Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:

     Aquatics     Cycling     Football     Gymnastics     Roller sports     Volleyball

Sport (Discipline) Body 73 77 86 90 94 97 01 06 10 13 17
World Central America
 
Diving Diving pictogram.svg FINA CCCAN X
Open water swimming Pictgram swimming.svg X X
Swimming Swimming pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg X X
Water polo Water polo pictogram.svg X X X X X X X
 
Archery Archery pictogram.svg FITA COPARCO X X
Athletics Athletics pictogram.svg IAAF CADICA X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton Badminton pictogram.svg BWF BPA X
Baseball Baseball pictogram.svg IBAF COPABE X X X X X X X X X X
Basketball Basketball pictogram.svg FIBA FIBA Americas X X X X X X X X X X X
Bodybuilding Bodybuilding pictogram.svg IFBB CACBBFF X X X X X X X X
Bowling Bowling pictogram.svg FIQ PABCON X X X X X X
Boxing Boxing pictogram.svg AIBA AMBC X X X X X X X X X X X
Chess Chess pictogram.svg FIDE CCA X X X X X X X X
 
BMX racing Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg UCI COPACI X
Mountain Biking Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg X X
Road Cycling Cycling (road) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Equestrian Equestrian pictogram.svg FEI PAEC X X X X X X X X X X
Fencing Fencing pictogram.svg FIE CPE X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Football Football pictogram.svg FIFA UNCAF X X X X X X X X X
Futsal Futsal pictogram.svg X X X
 
Gymnastics Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg FIG UPAG X X X X X X X X
 
Handball Handball pictogram.svg IHF PATHF X X X X
Judo Judo pictogram.svg IJF PJC X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate Karate pictogram.svg WKF PKF X X X X X X
Racquetball Racquets pictogram.svg IRF PARC X X X X X X X
 
Roller speed skating Speed rolling pictogram.jpg FIRS CPRS X X
 
Rowing Rowing pictogram.svg FISA X X X X
Sailing Sailing pictogram.svg ISAF X X
Shooting Shooting pictogram.svg ISSF CAT X X X X X X X X
Softball Softball pictogram.svg ISF CONPASA X X X X X X X X X X X
Squash Squash pictogram.svg WSF FPS X X
Table tennis Table tennis pictogram.svg ITTF LATTU X X X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo Taekwondo pictogram.svg WTF PATU X X X X X X X X
Tennis Tennis pictogram.svg ITF COTECC X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon Triathlon pictogram.svg ITU PATCO X X X X X X X
 
Beach Volleyball Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg FIVB NORCECA X X X X
Volleyball Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X
 
Weightlifting Weightlifting pictogram.svg IWF PAWC X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling Wrestling pictogram.svg UWW CPLA X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Total sports 16 18 20+3 22+1 27 25+1 29+1 19 23

: Exhibition contest

Para Games[edit]

Year Event Opened by Host Country Host City Duration Countries Sports Athletes
2013 I  Costa Rica San Jose April 13 - April 21 6
2018 II  Nicaragua Managua January 21 - January 28 7

References[edit]

  1. ^ Centroamericanos - Resultados en la historia (in Spanish), masgoles.com, archived from the original on September 19, 2012, retrieved August 10, 2012
  2. ^ Comenzaron los juegos ayer en Guatemala (in Spanish), La Nación, Costa Rica, November 25, 1973, p. 35 (original page no.: 62A), retrieved August 27, 2012

External links[edit]