Central American and Caribbean Games

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Central American and Caribbean Games (CACGs)
Juegos Centroamericanos y del Caribe (in Spanish)
First eventOctober 30 – November 2, 1926
Occur every4 years
Last eventJuly 19 – August 3, 2018
PurposeSports for Central American and Caribbean people
OrganizationCentro Caribe Sports (formerly CACSO)
Silver coin: 5 Balboas, Panama - 11th Central American and Caribbean Games, 1970
Central American and Caribbean Games 2010, Triathlon, in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico

The Central American and Caribbean Games (CAC or CACGs) are a multi-sport regional championship event, held quadrennial (once every four years), typically in the middle (even) year between Summer Olympics. The games are for countries in Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico, and the South American Caribbean countries of Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.

The games are overseen by Centro Caribe Sports (formerly CACSO).[1] They are designed to provide a step between sub-CACG-region Games held the first year following a Summer Olympics (e.g. Central American Games) and the Continental Championships, the Pan American Games, held the year before the Summer Olympics.

The last Games were held in Barranquilla, Colombia between 19 July to 3 August, 2018. The next Games will be held in 2022.

History[edit]

The CACGs are the oldest continuing regional games in the world,[2] and only the Olympics have run longer. Mexico, Cuba and Guatemala were the three countries present at the first games, which were then called the Central American Games. In 1935 their name was changed to Central American and Caribbean Games to reflect expanding participation.

The 1942 edition was suspended after the impact of the World War II.

A "Central American Games" does exist today, Juegos Centroamericanos, involving just Central American countries.

Editions[edit]

Host cities of the Central American and Caribbean Games

The first two editions of the Games were known as the "Central American Games" at the time, but the edition lineage continued after the inclusion of the Caribbean nations in 1935.[3]

Year Edition Host city Host nation
(as recognized by the IOC)
Dates Nations Events Sports Competitors Top placed team
1926 1 Mexico City  Mexico October 30 – November 2 3 3 9 269  Mexico
1930 2 Havana  Cuba March 15 – April 15 9 9 9 606  Cuba
1935 3 San Salvador  El Salvador March 16 – April 5 9 9 13 741  Mexico
1938 4 Panama City  Panama February 5 – February 24 10 10 16 1216  Mexico
1946 5 Barranquilla  Colombia March 5 – March 25 13 13 17 1540  Mexico
1950 6 Guatemala City  Guatemala February 28 – March 12 14 14 19 1390  Mexico
1954 7 Mexico City  Mexico March 5 – March 20 12 12 19 1356  Mexico
1959 8 Caracas  Venezuela January 6 – January 15 12 12 17 1150  Mexico
1962 9 Kingston  Jamaica August 15 – August 28 15 15 16 1559  Mexico
1966 10 San Juan  Puerto Rico July 11 – July 25 18 18 17 1689  Mexico
1970 11 Panama City  Panama February 28 – March 13 21 21 16 2095  Cuba
1974 12 Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic February 27 – March 13 23 23 18 1928  Cuba
1978 13 Medellín  Colombia July 7 – July 28 19 19 21 2605  Cuba
1982 14 Havana  Cuba August 7 – August 18 19 19 24 2420  Cuba
1986 15 Santiago de los Caballeros  Dominican Republic June 24 – July 5 26 26 25 2963  Cuba
1990 16 Mexico City  Mexico November 20 – December 3 29 29 30 4206  Cuba
1993 17 Ponce  Puerto Rico November 19 – November 30 31 31 32 3,570  Cuba
1998 18 Maracaibo  Venezuela August 8 – August 22 31 31 30 5200  Cuba
2002 19 San Salvador  El Salvador November 19 – November 30 31 31 32 4,301  Mexico
2006 20 Cartagena de Indias  Colombia July 15 – July 30 32 32 37 4,865  Cuba
2010 21 Mayagüez  Puerto Rico July 17 – August 1 31 31 42 5204  Mexico
2014 22 Veracruz  Mexico November 14 – November 30 31 31 36 5707  Cuba
2018 23 Barranquilla  Colombia July 19 – August 3 37 37 36 5854  Mexico
2023 24 San Salvador  El Salvador May 2023
2026 25 Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic TBD

Sports[edit]

Sport 1926 1930 1935 1938 1946 1950 1954 1959 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1993 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
Archery pictogram.svg Archery X X X X X X X X X X
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton X X X X X X
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basque pelota pictogram.svg Basque Pelota X X X
Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach Volleyball X X X X X X
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling X X X X X X X X X X
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing X X X X X X X
Cycling pictogram.svg Cycling X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Diving pictogram.svg Diving X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey X X X X X X X X X X
Football pictogram.svg Football X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Golf pictogram.svg Golf X X X X X X X
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Artistic gymnastics X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Rhythmic gymnastics X X X X X X
Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Trampoline

X

X X
Handball pictogram.svg Handball X X X X X X
Judo pictogram.svg Judo X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate pictogram.svg Karate X X X X X X X
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon X X X X X
Racquets pictogram.svg Racquetball X X X X X X X X
Speed skating pictogram.svg Roller skating X X X X X X
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing X X X X X X X X X X
Rugby pictogram.svg Rugby Sevens X X X
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Softball pictogram.svg Softball X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Squash pictogram.svg Squash X X X X X
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Synchronized swimming X X X X X X X X X X X
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis X X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo X X X X X X X X
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon X X X X X X
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Water skiing pictogram.svg Water ski X X
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Nations[edit]

Nation 1926 1930 1935 1938 1946 1950 1954 1959 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1993 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
 AHO X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 ARU X X X X X X X X
 ATG X X X X X X X X X
 BAH X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 BAR X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 BER X X X X X X X X X X X X
 BIZ X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 IVB X X X X X X X X X X
 CAY X X X X X X X X X
 COL X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 CRC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 CUB X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 DMA X X X X X X
 DOM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 ESA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 GRN X X X X X X X X X
 GUA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 GUY X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 HAI X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 HON X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 ISV X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 JAM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 LCA X X X X X X X
 MEX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 NCA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 PAN X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 PUR X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 SKN X X X X X X X
 SUR X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 TRI X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 VIN X X X X X X X X
 VEN X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Historical medal count[edit]

Centroamerican games 2010 gold medal, held in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico

The following medals were won:[4][5]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Cuba (CUB)18549617473562
2 Mexico (MEX)1367133311783878
3 Venezuela (VEN)5988209912409
4 Colombia (COL)5306166561802
5 Puerto Rico (PUR)3435157301588
6 Dominican Republic (DOM)172279435886
7 Jamaica (JAM)113122136371
8 Guatemala (GUA)105184370659
9 Panama (PAN)89156175420
10 Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)5284114250
11 El Salvador (SLV)51124225400
12 Costa Rica (CRC)3847104189
13 Netherlands Antilles (ANT)313148110
14 Bahamas (BAH)28263387
15 Barbados (BAR)16155081
16 Suriname (SUR)1351230
17 U.S. Virgin Islands (VIR)11201950
18 Guyana (GUY)7153759
19 British Virgin Islands (VGB)6118
20 Cayman Islands (CYM)55919
21 Aruba (ABW)531119
22 Saint Lucia (LCA)4116
23 Nicaragua (NIC)3155876
24 Honduras (HON)3123853
25 Haiti (HTI)3112438
26 Bermuda (BMU)261422
27 Belize (BLZ)1225
28 Dominica (DMA)1023
29 Antigua and Barbuda (ATG)05611
30 Grenada (GRD)0347
31 Saint Kitts and Nevis (KNA)0167
32 Guadeloupe (GLP)0011
Flag of the Territorial Collectivity of Martinique.svg Martinique (MTQ)0011
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VCT)0011
Totals (34 nations)54515418623917108

Central American and Caribbean Beach Games[edit]

Year Edition Host city Host nation
(as recognized by the IOC)
Dates Nations Events Sports Competitors Top placed team
2022 1 Santa Marta  Colombia November

Central American and Caribbean Junior Games[edit]

Year Edition Host city Host nation
(as recognized by the IOC)
Dates Nations Events Sports Competitors Top placed team
2024 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Spanish) ODECABE website www.odecabe.org; retrieved 2010-03-03
  2. ^ History of CACSO Archived July 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine from the CACSO website (www.cacso.org); retrieved 2009-06-26.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-20. Retrieved 2010-07-17.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Medals – Total of Medals (1926-2010) from the ODECABE website (http://www.odecabe.org Archived 2012-09-09 at archive.today); retrieved 2014-11-26.
  5. ^ Veracruz 2014 – Medal Count Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine from the Veracruz 2014 website ("Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2014-11-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)); retrieved 2014-11-30.

Citations[edit]