Central American and Caribbean Games

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Not to be confused with Central American Games.
Central American and Caribbean Games
(Spanish) Juegos Centroamericanos y del Caribe
First event October 30 - November 2, 1926
Occur every 4 years
Last event November 14–30, 2014
Purpose Sports for Central American and Caribbean people
Website 2014 Official Website

The Central American and Caribbean Games (CAC or CACGs) are a multi-sport regional championships event, held quadrennial (every 4 years), typically in the middle (even) year between Summer Olympics. The Games are for countries in Central America, the Caribbean, as well as for Mexico, Bermuda, and the South American countries of Suriname, Guyana, Colombia and Venezuela.

The Games are overseen by the Central American and Caribbean Sports Organization (CACSO) (the organization also goes by the acronym "ODECABE", from its full Spanish name: Organización Deportiva Centroamericana y del Caribe).[1] They are designed to provide a step between sub-CACG-region Games held the first year following a Summer Olympics (e.g. Central American Games) and the Continental Championships, the Pan American Games, held the year before the Summer Olympics.

The most recent CACGs took place in Veracruz, Mexico.[2] The next edition will take place in 2018 in Barranquilla, Colombia.

History[edit]

The CACGs are the oldest continuing regional games in the world,[3] and only the Olympics have run longer. Mexico, Cuba and Guatemala were the three countries present at the first games, which were then called the Central American Games. In 1935 their name was changed to Central American and Caribbean Games to reflect expanding participation. Thirty one nations took part in the 1993 games in Puerto Rico and the 1998 games in Venezuela. The 2006 Central American and Caribbean Games ended on July 30, 2006.

A "Central American Games" does exist today, Juegos Centroamericanos, involving just Central American countries.

Editions[edit]

The first two editions of the games were known as the "Central American Games" at the time, but the edition lineage continued after the inclusion of the Caribbean in 1935.

Year Games Host city Host nation Days Countries Sports Athletes
1926 I Mexico City Mexico October 30
November 2
3 9 269
1930 II Havana Cuba March 15
April 15
9 9 606
1935 III San Salvador El Salvador March 16
April 5
9 13 741
1938 IV Panama City Panama February 5
February 24
10 16 1216
1946 V Barranquilla Colombia March 5
March 25
13 17 1540
1950 VI Guatemala City Guatemala February 28
March 12
14 19 1390
1954 VII Mexico City Mexico March 5
March 20
12 1356
1959 VIII Caracas Venezuela January 6
January 15
12 17 1150
1962 IX Kingston Jamaica August 15
August 28
15 1559
1966 X San Juan Puerto Rico July 11
July 25
18 1689
1970 XI Panama City Panama February 28
March 13
21 2095
1974 XII Santo Domingo Dominican Republic February 27
March 13
23 18 1928
1978 XIII Medellín Colombia July 7
July 28
21 18 2605
1982 XIV Havana Cuba August 7
August 18
19 2420
1986 XV Santiago de los Caballeros Dominican Republic June 24
July 5
26 25 2963
1990 XVI Mexico City Mexico November 20
December 3
29 4206
1993 XVII Ponce Puerto Rico November 19
November 30
32 3570
1998 XVIII Maracaibo Venezuela August 8
August 22
31 5200
2002 XIX San Salvador El Salvador November 19
November 30
31 37 7000
2006 XX Cartagena de Indias Colombia July 15
July 30
32 37 4,865
2010 XXI Mayagüez Puerto Rico July 17
August 1
31 42 5204[4]
2014 XXII Veracruz Mexico November 14
November 30
31 36 5707
2018 XXIV Barranquilla Colombia

Sports[edit]

Sport 1926 1930 1935 1938 1946 1950 1954 1959 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1993 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014
Archery pictogram.svg Archery X X X X X X X X X
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton X X X X X
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basque pelota pictogram.svg Basque Pelota X X X
Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach Volleyball X X X X X
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling X X X X X X X X X
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing X X X X X X
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Diving pictogram.svg Diving X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey X X X X X X X X X
Football pictogram.svg Football X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Golf pictogram.svg Golf X X X X X X
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Artistic gymnastics X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Rhythmic gymnastics X X X X X
Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Trampoline

X

X
Handball pictogram.svg Handball X X X X X
Judo pictogram.svg Judo X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate pictogram.svg Karate X X X X X X
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon X X X X
Racquets pictogram.svg Racquetball X X X X X X X
Speed skating pictogram.svg Roller skating X X X X X
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing X X X X X X X X X
Rugby union pictogram.svg Rugby Sevens X
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing X X X X X X X X X X X X
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Softball pictogram.svg Softball X X X X X X X X X X X X
Squash pictogram.svg Squash X X X X
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Synchronized swimming X X X X X X X X X X
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo X X X X X X X
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon X X X X X
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Water skiing pictogram.svg Water ski X X
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Nations[edit]

Nation 1926 1930 1935 1938 1946 1950 1954 1959 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1993 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014
 AHO X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 ARU X X X X X X X
 ATG X X X X X X X X
 BAH X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 BAR X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 BER X X X X X X X X X X X
 BIZ X X X X X X X X X X X X
 IVB X X X X X X X X X
 CAY X X X X X X X X
 COL X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 CRC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 CUB X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 DMA X X X X X
 DOM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 ESA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 GRN X X X X X X X X
 GUA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 GUY X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 HAI X X X X X X X X X X X X
 HON X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 ISV X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 JAM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 LCA X X X X X X
 MEX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 NCA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 PAN X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 PUR X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 SKN X X X X X X
 SUR X X X X X X X X X X X X
 TRI X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 VIN X X X X X X X
 VEN X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Historical medal count[edit]

[5] [6]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Cuba 1752 889 679 3320
2  Mexico 1235 1215 1087 3537
3  Venezuela 564 782 918 2264
4  Colombia 451 522 559 1532
5  Puerto Rico 323 486 692 1501
6  Dominican Republic 147 250 382 779
7  Jamaica 101 118 125 344
8  Panama 86 151 170 407
9  Guatemala 84 162 329 575
10  El Salvador 49 119 214 382
11  Trinidad and Tobago 43 76 101 220
12  Costa Rica 37 41 85 163
13  Netherlands Antilles 31 31 48 110
14  Bahamas 24 24 32 80
15  Barbados 14 15 46 75
16  Suriname 12 5 11 28
17  United States Virgin Islands 11 20 19 50
18  Guyana 7 15 36 58
19  Cayman Islands 5 5 6 16
20  British Virgin Islands 4 0 0 4
21  Nicaragua 3 15 49 67
22  Honduras 3 12 33 48
23  Haiti 3 11 24 38
24  Aruba 3 2 5 10
25  Saint Lucia 3 1 1 5
26  Bermuda 2 4 14 20
27  Belize 1 2 2 5
28  Dominica 1 0 2 3
29  Antigua and Barbuda 0 5 5 10
30  Grenada 0 3 4 7
31  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 1 6 7
32  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 0 1 1
Total 4999 4982 5685 15666

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Spanish) ODECABE website www.odecabe.org; retrieved 2010-03-03
  2. ^ (Spanish) Website of the XXI Central American and Caribbean Games (http://mayaquez2010.com); retrieved 2010-03-03.
  3. ^ History of CACSO from the CACSO website (www.cacso.org); retrieved 2009-06-26. Archived July 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ http://www.primerahora.com/nuevasmarcasenmayaguez2010ynohanempezadolosjuegos-401194.html
  5. ^ Medals – Total of Medals (1926-2010) from the ODECABE website (http://www.odecabe.org); retrieved 2014-11-26.
  6. ^ Veracruz 2014 – Medal Count from the Veracruz 2014 website (http://veracruz2014.mx/?lang=en); retrieved 2014-11-30.

External links[edit]