Central American and Caribbean Games

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Central American and Caribbean Games (CACGs)
Juegos Centroamericanos y del Caribe (in Spanish)
First eventOctober 30 – November 2, 1926
Occur every4 years
Last eventJuly 19 – August 3, 2018
PurposeSports for Central American and Caribbean people

The Central American and Caribbean Games (CAC or CACGs) are a multi-sport regional championship event, held quadrennial (once every four years), typically in the middle (even) year between Summer Olympics. The Games are for countries in Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico, and the South American Caribbean countries of Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.

The Games are overseen by the Central American and Caribbean Sports Organization (CACSO) (the organization also goes by the acronym "ODECABE", from its full Spanish name: Organización Deportiva Centroamericana y del Caribe).[1] They are designed to provide a step between sub-CACG-region Games held the first year following a Summer Olympics (e.g. Central American Games) and the Continental Championships, the Pan American Games, held the year before the Summer Olympics.

The last games were held in Barranquilla, Colombia between 19 July to 3 August.The next games will be held in 2022, between 22 April~8 May in multiple venues in Panama.

History[edit]

The CACGs are the oldest continuing regional games in the world,[2] and only the Olympics have run longer. Mexico, Cuba and Guatemala were the three countries present at the first games, which were then called the Central American Games. In 1935 their name was changed to Central American and Caribbean Games to reflect expanding participation.

A "Central American Games" does exist today, Juegos Centroamericanos, involving just Central American countries.

Editions[edit]

The first two editions of the games were known as the "Central American Games" at the time, but the edition lineage continued after the inclusion of the Caribbean in 1935.

Year Games Host city Host nation Start Date End Date Countries Sports Athletes Top Placed Team
1926 I Mexico City  Mexico October 30 November 2 3 9 269  Mexico
1930 II Havana  Cuba March 15 April 15 9 9 606  Cuba
1935 III San Salvador  El Salvador March 16 April 5 9 13 741  Mexico
1938 IV Panama City  Panama February 5 February 24 10 16 1216  Mexico
1946 V Barranquilla  Colombia March 5 March 25 13 17 1540  Mexico
1950 VI Guatemala City  Guatemala February 28 March 12 14 19 1390  Mexico
1954 VII Mexico City  Mexico March 5 March 20 12 1356  Mexico
1959 VIII Caracas  Venezuela January 6 January 15 12 17 1150  Mexico
1962 IX Kingston  Jamaica August 15 August 28 15 1559  Mexico
1966 X San Juan  Puerto Rico July 11 July 25 18 1689  Mexico
1970 XI Panama City  Panama February 28 March 13 21 2095  Cuba
1974 XII Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic February 27 March 13 23 18 1928  Cuba
1978 XIII Medellín  Colombia July 7 July 28 21 18 2605  Cuba
1982 XIV Havana  Cuba August 7 August 18 19 2420  Cuba
1986 XV Santiago de los Caballeros  Dominican Republic June 24 July 5 26 25 2963  Cuba
1990 XVI Mexico City  Mexico November 20 December 3 29 4206  Cuba
1993 XVII Ponce  Puerto Rico November 19 November 30 32 3570  Cuba
1998 XVIII Maracaibo  Venezuela August 8 August 22 31 5200  Cuba
2002 XIX San Salvador  El Salvador November 19 November 30 31 37 7000  Mexico
2006 XX Cartagena de Indias  Colombia July 15 July 30 32 37 4,865  Cuba
2010 XXI Mayagüez  Puerto Rico July 17 August 1 31 42 5204[3]  Mexico
2014 XXII Veracruz  Mexico November 14 November 30 31 36 5707  Cuba
2018 XXIII Barranquilla  Colombia July 19 August 3 37 36 5854  Mexico
2022 XXIV Panama City  Panama April 22 May 8

Sports[edit]

Sport 1926 1930 1935 1938 1946 1950 1954 1959 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1993 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
Archery pictogram.svg Archery X X X X X X X X X X
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton X X X X X X
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basque pelota pictogram.svg Basque Pelota X X X
Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach Volleyball X X X X X X
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling X X X X X X X X X X
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing X X X X X X X
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Diving pictogram.svg Diving X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey X X X X X X X X X X
Football pictogram.svg Football X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Golf pictogram.svg Golf X X X X X X X
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Artistic gymnastics X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Rhythmic gymnastics X X X X X X
Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Trampoline

X

X X
Handball pictogram.svg Handball X X X X X X
Judo pictogram.svg Judo X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate pictogram.svg Karate X X X X X X X
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon X X X X X
Racquets pictogram.svg Racquetball X X X X X X X X
Speed skating pictogram.svg Roller skating X X X X X X
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing X X X X X X X X X X
Rugby union pictogram.svg Rugby Sevens X X
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Softball pictogram.svg Softball X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Squash pictogram.svg Squash X X X X X
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Synchronized swimming X X X X X X X X X X X
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis X X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo X X X X X X X X
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon X X X X X X
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Water skiing pictogram.svg Water ski X X
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Nations[edit]

Nation 1926 1930 1935 1938 1946 1950 1954 1959 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1993 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
 AHO X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 ARU X X X X X X X X
 ATG X X X X X X X X X
 BAH X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 BAR X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 BER X X X X X X X X X X X X
 BIZ X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 IVB X X X X X X X X X X
 CAY X X X X X X X X X
 COL X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 CRC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 CUB X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 DMA X X X X X X
 DOM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 ESA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 GRN X X X X X X X X X
 GUA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 GUY X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 HAI X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 HON X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 ISV X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 JAM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 LCA X X X X X X X
 MEX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 NCA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 PAN X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 PUR X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 SKN X X X X X X X
 SUR X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 TRI X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 VIN X X X X X X X X
 VEN X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Historical medal count[edit]

[4] [5]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Cuba (CUB)17528896793320
2 Mexico (MEX)1235121510873537
3 Venezuela (VEN)5647829182264
4 Colombia (COL)4515225591532
5 Puerto Rico (PRI)3234866921501
6 Dominican Republic (DOM)147250382779
7 Jamaica (JAM)101118125344
8 Panama (PAN)86151170407
9 Guatemala (GUA)84162329575
10 El Salvador (SLV)49119214382
11 Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)4376101220
12 Costa Rica (CRC)374185163
13 Netherlands Antilles (ANT)313148110
14 Bahamas (BAH)24243280
15 Barbados (BAR)14154675
16 Suriname (SUR)1251128
17 U.S. Virgin Islands (VIR)11201950
18 Guyana (GUY)7153658
19 Cayman Islands (CYM)55616
20 British Virgin Islands (VGB)4004
21 Nicaragua (NIC)3154967
22 Honduras (HON)3123348
23 Haiti (HTI)3112438
24 Aruba (ABW)32510
25 Saint Lucia (LCA)3115
26 Bermuda (BMU)241420
27 Belize (BLZ)1225
28 Dominica (DMA)1023
29 Antigua and Barbuda (ATG)05510
30 Grenada (GRD)0347
31 Saint Kitts and Nevis (KNA)0167
32 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VCT)0011
Totals (32 nations)49994982568515666

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Spanish) ODECABE website www.odecabe.org; retrieved 2010-03-03
  2. ^ History of CACSO Archived July 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine from the CACSO website (www.cacso.org); retrieved 2009-06-26.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-20. Retrieved 2010-07-17.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Medals – Total of Medals (1926-2010) from the ODECABE website (http://www.odecabe.org Archived 2012-09-09 at Archive.today); retrieved 2014-11-26.
  5. ^ Veracruz 2014 – Medal Count Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine from the Veracruz 2014 website ("Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2014-11-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)); retrieved 2014-11-30.

External links[edit]