Central American montane forests

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Central American montane forests
Pinus hartwegii Tajumulco 2.jpg
Central American Montane forests,
with Pinus hartwegii, on the slopes of Tajumulco volcano, Guatemala.
Biome Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests
Area 13,200 km2 (5,100 sq mi)
Countries Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua
Conservation status Vulnerable[1]
Global 200 Yes

The Central American montane forests are an ecoregion of the Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Biome, as defined by the World Wildlife Fund, located in mountains of Central America. [1]


Central American montane forests consist of forest patches located at altitudes ranging from 1,800–4,000 metres (5,900–13,100 ft), on the summits and slopes of the highest mountains in Central America, including the Sierra Madre de Chiapas. It extends from Chiapas state in southeastern Mexico, through Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras, to northern Nicaragua.

The ecoregion covers an area of 13,200 square kilometres (5,100 sq mi)2.[1] The ecoregion has a temperate climate with relatively high precipitation levels.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Central American montane forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 2013-08-20.