Central American red brocket

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Central American red brocket
Cabro de monte. Mazama temama. Tapantí. Costa Rica.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Capreolinae
Genus: Mazama
Species:
M. temama
Binomial name
Mazama temama
(Kerr, 1792)
Subspecies

M. temama temama (nominate)
M. temama cerasina
M. temama reperticia

Mazama temama distribution.png

The Central American red brocket (Mazama temama) is a species of brocket deer ranging from southern Mexico, through Central America, to northwestern Colombia.[2] In 1792 Robert Kerr originally described it as a unique separate species as opposed to a subspecies.[3] It was treated as a subspecies of the red brocket from South America, but its karyotype has 2n = 50, while the latter's was initially described as having 2n = 68–70.[1] However, a more recent description gives the red brocket a variable karyotype with 2n ranging from 48 to 54, suggesting it represents several species.[4] It is sympatric with the Yucatan brown brocket over part of its range. Additionally, it was estimated that Mazama temama diverged from other red brocket deer about 2 MYA. This was estimated through analysis of concatenated sequences from the mitochondrial gene ND2, Cytb, and tRNA-Pro-Control region.[5] The species is found in primary and secondary tropical forest at altitudes from sea level to 2800 m.[1] In Mexico, it is regarded as an agricultural pest by bean farmers.[1] It is probably threatened by hunting and deforestation.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Bello, J.; Reyna, R.; Schipper, J. (2016). "Mazama temama". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T136290A22164644. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T136290A22164644.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ Grubb, P. (2005). "Order Artiodactyla". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 657. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  3. ^ Escobedo-Morales, Luis A.; Mandujano, Salvador; Eguiarte, Luis E.; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Marco A.; Maldonado, Jesús E. (May 2016). "First phylogenetic analysis of Mesoamerican brocket deer Mazama pandora and Mazama temama (Cetartiodactyla: Cervidae) based on mitochondrial sequences: Implications for Neotropical deer evolution". Mammalian Biology. 81 (3): 303–313. doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2016.02.003.
  4. ^ Duarte, J.M.B.; Vogliotti, A. (2016). "Mazama americana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T29619A22154827. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  5. ^ Escobedo-Morales, L. A., Mandujano, S., et al. (2016). First phylogenetic analysis of Mesoamerican brocket deer Mazama pandora and Mazama temama (Cetartiodactyla: Cervidae) based on mitochondrial sequences: Implications for Neotropical deer evolution [Abstract]. Mammalian Biology, 81(3), 303-313. doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2016.02.003