Central Armed Police Forces

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A member of India's Border Security Force in ceremonial attire

The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to uniform nomenclature of seven security forces[1][2] in India under the authority of Ministry of Home Affairs. They are the Assam Rifles (AR), Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).[3]

Organisation and leadership[edit]

Each of the seven CAPFs (the AR, BSF, CRPF, ITBP, CISF, NSG and SSB) has its own cadre of officers, but they are headed by officers of the Indian Police Service. They have, for many years, demanded improved promotional prospects.[4]:p 455, para 17.19.19 However, the higher echelons in these organisations, including the head of the organization, designated as Director General, is reserved by the MHA for Indian Police Service (IPS) officers [4]:p 457, para 7.19.31 The DGs of those five CAPFs were upgraded by the Manmohan Singh led UPA Government following the 6 CPC the apex scale, a grade held by DGs of various state police.[5]:page 5[4]:p 167,para3.2.11 They were allocated a total of 52,443 crore (US$7.3 billion) for the fiscal year 2017-2018.[6]


Recruitment is conducted mainly in three modes.

Gazetted Officers[edit]

Officers in CAPFs are recruited through Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination conducted by UPSC. They are appointed as Assistant Commandants and are Gazetted Officers generally referred as DAGOs (Directly Appointed Gazetted Officers). DEGOs (Departmental Entry Gazetted Officers) are who have been promoted through departmental exams conducted internally for Subordinate Officers.

Subordinate Officers[edit]

Sub Inspectors are recruited through competitive examination conducted by Staff Selection Commission and they are referred as DASOs (Directly Appointed Subordinate Officers). DESOs (Departmental Entry Subordinate Officers) are who have been promoted through departmental exams conducted internally for Constables, Head Constables and Assistant Sub Inspectors.


Constables are recruited through competitive examination conducted by Staff Selection Commission.

Apart from above modes, CAPFs conduct recruitment for specialized posts such as Engineers, Doctors etc. among DAGOs and Wireless operators, Technicians, Nursing Staff etc. among subordinate officers and constables directly under their own authority.

Recruitment Department[edit]

The recruitment of the candidates in the CAPF is done by the Union Public Service Commission as well the staff selection commission and respective service HQs for the various posts according to the qualification of the candidates. For the higher levels posts, IPS officers are deputed.

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)[edit]

The Central Reserve Police Force is the largest of the Central Armed Police Forces units with 313,678 personnel in 239 battalions.[7] The Central Reserve Police includes:

Border Security Force (BSF)[edit]

Women personnel of Indian Border Security Force

The primary role of the Border Security Force is to guard the border of the India with Pakistan and Bangladesh, it is deployed both on the IB and the LOC. The BSF also has active roles during times of war. It has 257,363 personnel in 186 battalions,[9] It has 89,432 personnel in 56 fighting, 2 DM and 4 specialized battalions.[10][7]

Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)[edit]

One of the largest industrial security forces in the world, the Central Industrial Security Force provides security to various Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) and other critical infrastructure installations, major airports across the country and provides security during elections and other internal security duties and VVIP protection.It has a total strength of about 144,418 personnel in 132 battalions.[7]including 9 reserve battalions.

Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)[edit]

The objective of the Sashastra Seema Bal (English: Armed Border Force) is to guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Borders. It has 76,337 personnel and 67 battalions, as well as some reserved battalions.[11][7][12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pers II, MHA. "Adoption of Nomenclature for CAPFs" (PDF). www.mha.nic.in. MHA, GoI. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  2. ^ "For the paramilitary, all's in a new name". The Telegraph. The Telegraph Calcutta. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Central Armed Police Forces -" (PDF). mha.gov.in.
  4. ^ a b c Sixth Central Pay Commission (March 2008). "Report of the Sixth Central Pay Commission" (PDF). Ministry of Finance, Government of India. Ministry of Finance. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-07. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  5. ^ "6th CPC Notification" (PDF). mod.gov.in/. MoD, GoI. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Rs 78,000 crore budget for MHA; Rs 1,577 crore for Intelligence Bureau in Budget 2017". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2017-02-12.
  7. ^ a b c d "MHA Annual Report 2016-2017" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2017.
  8. ^ "COBRA to sting Naxal virus: new force gets Centre nod". Financial Express. 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2014-02-26.
  9. ^ "Indo-Tibetan Border Police". Archive.india.gov.in. Retrieved 2014-02-09.
  10. ^ "Home | Indo Tibetan Border Police, Ministry of Home Affairs". itbpolice.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-08-10.
  11. ^ "Guarding the Nation's Frontiers | eGov Magazine". Egov.eletsonline.com. 2013-03-06. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
  12. ^ "Force Profile- SSB Ministry Of Home Affairs, Govt. Of India". www.ssb.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-08-12.

External links[edit]