Central Armed Police Forces
The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) (Hindi: केंद्रीय सशस्त्र पुलिस बल) refers to uniform nomenclature of five security forces   in India under the authority of Ministry of Home Affairs. They are Border Security Force, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).
Organization and Leadership
Five CAPFs, the BSF, CRPF, ITBP, CISF & SSB, are organized on military lines. These CAPF have their own cadre of officers, but are barred from filling top jobs reserved for officers of the Indian Police Service on deputation. They have for many years now demanded improved promotional prospects. :p 455, para 17.19.19 But the higher echelons in these organisations, including the head of the organization, designated as Director General, is reserved by the MHA for Indian Police Service (IPS) officers :p 457, para 7.19.31 The DG's of five CAPFs, namely BSF, CRPF, ITBP, CISF & SSB, were upgraded by the Manmohan Singh led UPA Government following the 6 CPC the apex scale, ie, a grade held by VCOAS/Army Commanders of Indian Army. :page 5:p 167,para3.2.11
Central Armed Police Forces
Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
- The Rapid Action Force (RAF), a 10 battalion anti-riot force trained to respond to sectarian violence.
- The Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (COBRA), a 10 battalion strong anti-Naxalite/COIN force.
Border Security Force (BSF)
The primary role of the Border Security Force is to police border areas of the country, except the mountains. It has all police powers in its jurisdiction. It has 240,000 personnel in 186 battalions, and is headed by an Indian Police Service Officer.
Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
The Indo-Tibetan Border Police is deployed for guarding duties on the border with China from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Diphu La in Arunachal Pradesh covering a total distance of 2488 km. It has 77,000 personnel in 55 battalions.
Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
One of the largest industrial security forces in the world, the Central Industrial Security Force provides security to various PSUs and other critical infrastructure installations across the country. It has a total strength of about 165,000 personnel in 132 battalions.
Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
The objective of the Sashastra Seema Bal (English: Armed Border Force) is to guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Borders. It has 82,000 personnel and 73 battalions, as well as some reserved battalions.
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- Media related to Central Armed Police Forces at Wikimedia Commons