Central Banda language

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Central Banda
Native toCentral African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan
Native speakers
(580,000 cited 1984–1996)[1]
Ubangian
  • Banda
    • Central
      • Central Banda
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
liy – Banda-Bambari
bpd – Banda-Banda
bqk – Banda-Mbrès
bfl – Banda-Ndélé
tor – Togbo-Vara Banda
bjo – Mid-Southern Banda
gox – Gobu
kuw – Kpagua
mnh – Mono
nue – Ngundu
Glottologcent2022[2]

Central Banda is a dialect continuum of the Banda languages spoken by around one million people[citation needed], primarily in the Central African Republic. The varieties may be mutually intelligible, especially the Mid-Southern–Gobu–Kpagua–Mono–Ngundu cluster. The other varieties are Bambari, Banda-Banda, Mbrès, Ndélé, and Togbo-Vara Banda.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Labial Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Labialvelar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k kp ʔ
voiced b d ɡ ɡb
prenasalized mb ɱv nd nz ndʒ ŋɡ ŋmɡb
Fricative voiceless f s ʃ h
voiced v z ʒ
Nasal m n ɲ
Tap/Flap
Trill r~ɾ
Lateral l
Approximant j w

Vowels[edit]

Front Mid Back
Close i ɨ ʉ u
Close-mid e o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a

Tone[edit]

Vowel tones are: rising /ǎ/, falling /â/, mid /ā/, low /à/, and high /á/.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Banda-Bambari at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Banda-Banda at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Banda-Mbrès at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Banda-Ndélé at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Togbo-Vara Banda at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Mid-Southern Banda at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    (Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Core Bandaic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hartell, Rhonda L. (1993). Alphabets des langues africaines. UNESCO and Société Internationale de Linguistique.