Central City/Black Hawk Historic District

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Central City/Black Hawk Historic District
DSCN2884 downtownblackhawk e 600.jpg
Restored historic buildings in downtown Black Hawk
Central City/Black Hawk Historic District is located in Colorado
Central City/Black Hawk Historic District
Central City/Black Hawk Historic District is located in the United States
Central City/Black Hawk Historic District
LocationCentral City and
Black Hawk, Colorado
Coordinates39°48′4″N 105°30′27″W / 39.80111°N 105.50750°W / 39.80111; -105.50750Coordinates: 39°48′4″N 105°30′27″W / 39.80111°N 105.50750°W / 39.80111; -105.50750
Built1859
NRHP reference #66000246
Significant dates
Added to NRHPOctober 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHLDJuly 4, 1961[2]

The Central City/Black Hawk Historic District is a National Historic Landmark District that encompasses Central City and Black Hawk, Colorado. They are adjacent former gold mining camps in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains in Gilpin County, Colorado, United States. For a time, the area was known as the Richest Square Mile on Earth.[3]

The district was designated a National Historic Landmark on July 4, 1961.[2][4][5]

History[edit]

On May 5, 1859, John H. Gregory discovered a rich deposit of gold in hard rock, the first such discovery in the Rocky Mountain region. Thousands of miners flooded into Gregory Gulch in the next few months in the Pike's Peak Gold Rush. Several mining camps were thrown up near the Gregory Lode, and these camps eventually coalesced into Central City and Black Hawk. The area around the Gregory Lode quickly came to be known as the Richest Square Mile on Earth. By the time the Territory of Colorado was formed on February 28, 1861, Central City was already the largest city in the entire territory, though it lost out to Denver for State Capital.

Recently, the area has approved casinos and has seen a resurgence in attention and funds as a result.

See also[edit]

Location of the Central City/Black Hawk National Historic District

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  2. ^ a b "Central City/Black Hawk Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-11. Archived from the original on 2008-01-04. Retrieved 2007-05-30.
  3. ^ History of Central City Archived September 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination" (pdf). National Park Service. July 1990.
  5. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination" (pdf). National Park Service. July 1990.