Central Coast (California)

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For the California wine region, see Central Coast AVA.
Central Coast
Region
South Coast of Santa Barbara County
South Coast of Santa Barbara County
Pismo Beach in San Luis Obispo County
Pismo Beach in San Luis Obispo County
Sunset at Salinas River State Beach in Monterey County
Sunset at Salinas River State Beach in Monterey County
Country  United States
State  California
Population 2,249,558 (All 6 counties combined)

The Central Coast is an area of California, United States, roughly spanning the coastal region between Point Mugu and Monterey Bay. It lies northwest of Los Angeles County and south of San Francisco and San Mateo counties.[1] Six counties make up the Central Coast: from south-to north, Ventura, Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, Monterey, San Benito, and Santa Cruz.[2][3]

The Central Coast is the location of the Central Coast American Viticultural Area.

History[edit]

The Central Coast area was originally inhabited by Chumash and other Native American people since at least 10,000 BC. Many of these settlements were coastal, where the people exploited marine resources and dwelt near freshwater inflows to the Pacific Ocean. For example, there were significant settlements near the mouth of Morro Creek and Los Osos Creek.[4]

Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo visited the Central Coast, landing in Santa Barbara County in 1542, having sailed from the south.[5]

Overview[edit]

Central Californian Coastline, Big Sur

The region is known primarily for agriculture and tourism. Major crops include Wine Grapes, lettuce, strawberries, and artichokes. The Salinas Valley is one of the most fertile farming regions in the United States. Tourist attractions include Cannery Row in Monterey, the Monterey Bay Aquarium, the theatres, galleries and white sand beaches of Carmel-by-the-Sea, the golf courses of Pebble Beach and the Monterey Peninsula, the rugged coastline of Big Sur and Hearst Castle in San Simeon.

The area is not densely populated. The largest city in the region is Oxnard in Ventura County, with a population estimated at 203,007 in 2013.[6] University of California campuses are found in Santa Barbara and Santa Cruz, on the extreme south and north edges of the region respectively. California State University, Monterey Bay, founded in 1994, uses facilities donated when Fort Ord was converted from military to civilian uses. California Polytechnic State University, in San Luis Obispo, was founded in 1901.

Population[edit]

The six counties that make up the Central Coast region had an estimated population of 2,327,344 in 2014.[7]

Counties by population[edit]

County
INCITS
[8]
County seat
[9]
Established
[9]
Formed from
Etymology
[10]
Population
[7]
Area
[9]
Map
Ventura County 111 Ventura 1872 Santa Barbara The city of Ventura, itself an abbreviation of San Buenaventura, Spanish for St. Bonaventure. 846,178 1,846 sq mi
(4,781 km2)
State map highlighting Ventura County


Santa Barbara County 083 Santa Barbara 1850 Original The city of Santa Barbara, itself Spanish for Saint Barbara. 440,668 2,738 sq mi
(7,091 km2)
State map highlighting Santa Barbara County


Monterey County 053 Salinas 1850 Original Monterey Bay, itself a Spanish portmanteau of monte ("hill") and rey ("king"). 431,344 3,322 sq mi
(8,604 km2)
State map highlighting Monterey County


San Luis Obispo County 079 San Luis Obispo 1850 Original The city of San Luis Obispo, itself Spanish for Saint Louis, the Bishop. 279,083 3,304 sq mi
(8,557 km2)
State map highlighting San Luis Obispo County


Santa Cruz County 087 Santa Cruz 1850 Original The city of Santa Cruz, itself Spanish for holy cross 271,804 446 sq mi
(1,155 km2)
State map highlighting Santa Cruz County


San Benito County 069 Hollister 1874 Monterey Saint Benedict (San Benedicto in Spanish; Benito is the diminutive of Benedicto). 58,267 1,389 sq mi
(3,597 km2)
State map highlighting San Benito County

Travel[edit]

Travel is almost entirely by private automobile. Because of its position roughly halfway between the major cities of Los Angeles and San Francisco, San Luis Obispo is home to America's first motel. The major highway is U.S. Route 101, which runs north-south from Los Angeles, through most of the major communities of the Central Coast, to San Francisco. State Route 1, a smaller but much more scenic route, connects the coastal communities, running through San Simeon, Morro Bay, and Big Sur. Amtrak maintains train service with the Coast Starlight and Pacific Surfliner routes along the Union Pacific Railroad Coast Line that also transports freight. There are no major airports, although Monterey, Santa Barbara, Santa Maria and San Luis Obispo have regional airports with commuter service. Greyhound buses serve most of the region.

Monterey-Salinas Transit (MST) operates bus services throughout Monterey County as far south as Big Sur on the coast and King City in the Salinas Valley. MST also offers connection service to San Jose Diridon Station. Santa Cruz Metro Offers services within Santa Cruz County, including connections to San Jose and San Jose State and connection to MST service in Watsonville, heading south to Salinas.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ California Central Coast Tourism. Centralcoast-tourism.com. Retrieved on 2013-10-01.
  2. ^ http://www.lung.org/associations/states/california/assets/pdfs/sota-2011/2011-central-coast-fact-sheet.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.kionrightnow.com/news/local-news/covered-california-enrollment-beats-projections-by-wide-margin-on-central-coast/25942936
  4. ^ C.Michael Hogan (2008) Morro Creek, ed. by A. Burnham
  5. ^ Kathleen Thompson Hill and Gerald Hill (2004) Santa Barbara and the Central Coast: California's Riviera, Globe Pequot, pages ISBN 0-7627-2810-8
  6. ^ "Oxnard (city) Quick Facts". United States Census Bureau. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States, States, and Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA.gov. Retrieved February 23, 2008. 
  9. ^ a b c National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Retrieved April 30, 2008. 
  10. ^ Sanchez, Nellie Van de Grift (1914). Spanish and Indian Place Names of California: Their Meaning and Their Romance. San Francisco: A. M. Robertson. OCLC 4268886. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°36′N 121°06′W / 35.6°N 121.1°W / 35.6; -121.1