Central Committee elected by the 16th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)

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Central Committee elected
by the 16th Congress
15th ←
→ 17th
Bolshevik party meeting 1930.jpg
Delegates of the 16th Congress representing the Belarusian Military District standing together with Alexander Yegorov, Joseph Stalin and Kliment Voroshilov.
Duration 13 July 1930 – 10 February 1934
General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Second Secretary Vyacheslav Molotov (Jul.– Dec. 1930)
Lazar Kaganovich (1930–1934)
Inner-groups Politburo: 10 full & 5 candidates
Secretariat: 5 full & 2 candidates
Orgburo: 11 full & 4 candidates
No. of departments 7
Members 71 full and 67 candidates

The Central Committee (CC) composition was elected by the 16th Congress, and sat from 13 July 1930 until 10 February 1934. Its 1st Plenary Session renewed the composition of the Politburo, Secretariat and the Orgburo of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks). The 16th Congress was the first party convention since the 13th Congress which saw no organized opposition, and the first congress in party history in which there was no opposition to the party leadership.[1] Ukrainian historian Oleg Khlevniuk considers the period 1930–1934 to be a "transitional period" between collective leadership (referred to interchangeably by him as oligarchy) and Joseph Stalin's personal dictatorship (autocracy).[2] The removal of Alexei Rykov, the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars (SNK, the Soviet government), from the Politburo at the 1st Joint Plenary Session of the CC and the Central Control Commission (CCC) has been marked in historic literature as "the definitive Stalinization of that body [Politburo]" according to Khlevniuk.[3]

The Central Committee elected Stalin General Secretary of the Central Committee at its 1st Plenary Session.[4] Vyacheslav Molotov served as Stalin's deputy, an informal post referred to by Sovietologists as Second Secretary, and was empowered to manage party business and sign Politburo resolutions when Stalin was away from Moscow.[4] Upon Molotov's appointment as SNK Chairman in December 1930, Lazar Kaganovich took his place as Second Secretary.[5]

This Central Committee composition led the party and the country through the first five-year plan, Syrtsov–Lominadze affair, dekulakization, collectivization of agriculture, Ryutin Affair, Soviet famine of 1932–33 (which has led to accusation of "extermination by hunger" by the Ukrainian state), the beginning of the second five-year plan, purges of the last oppositional elements within the party and heightened repression.

Keys[edit]

The Venus symbol is a generally recognized symbol for the female gender. Its shape is that of a circle with a small cross below it. Indicates that the individual is female.
PB Politburo member.
SC Secretariat member.
OB Orgburo member.
PB(C), SC(C), OB(C) The "(C)" in these initials refers to "Candidate member"

Plenums[edit]

The Central Committee was not a permanent institution. It convened plenary sessions. Seven CC plenary sessions and two plenary sessions held in conjunction with the convening of the Central Control Commission were held between the 16th Congress and the 17th Congress. When the CC was not in session, decision-making power was vested in the internal bodies of the CC itself; that is, the Politburo, Secretariat and Orgburo. None of these bodies were permanent either; typically they convened several times a month.[6]

Plenum Start–end
1st Plenary Session 13 July 1930
2nd Plenary Session 1 December 1930
1st Joint Plenary Session 17–21 December 1930
3rd Plenary Session 11–15 June 1931
4th Plenary Session 28–31 October 1931
5th Plenary Session 4 February 1932
6th Plenary Session 28 September – 2 October 1932
2nd Joint Plenary Session 7–12 January 1933
7th Plenary Session 25 January 1934

Apparatus[edit]

Individuals employed by the Central Committee's bureaus, departments and newspapers made up the apparatus between the 16th Congress and the 17th Congress.[7] The bureaus and departments were supervised by the Secretariat, and each secretary (member of the Secretariat) supervised a specific department.[8] The leaders of departments were officially referred to as Heads, while the titles of bureau leaders varied between chairman, first secretary and secretary.[9]

Institutions Head
(birth–death)
Cyrillic
Took office Left office Tenure Ethnicity
Accounting Department Timofey Samsonov
(1888–1956)
Тимофей Самсонов
1932 10 February 1934 1 year and 254 days Russian
Administrative, Enterprise and Trade Union Cadres Department Ivan Moskvin
(1890–1937)
Иван Москвин
13 July 1930 14 November 1930 124 days Russian
Nikolai Yezhov
(1895–1940)
Николай Ежов
14 November 1930 10 February 1934 3 years and 92 days Russian
Agitation and Mass Campaign Department Grigory Kaminsky
(1895–1938)
Григорий Каминский
13 July 1930 August 1930 19 days RussianStar of David
Klavdija Nikolaeva
(1893–1944)
Клавдия Николаева
August 1930 1933 2 years and 304 days RussianVenus symbol
Agriculture Department Lazar Kaganovich
(1893–1991)
Лазарь Каганович
15 December 1932 10 February 1934 1 year and 57 days RussianStar of David
Bolshevik Vilhelm Knorin
(1890–1938)
Вильгельм Кнорин
13 July 1930 10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Latvian
Central Asian Bureau Isaak Zelensky
(1890–1937)
Исаак Зеленский
13 July 1930 January 1931 172 days RussianStar of David
Karl Bauman
(1892–1937)
Карл Бауман
January 1931 10 February 1931 3 years and 40 days Latvian
Chief Administrator Timofey Samsonov
(1888–1956)
Тимофей Самсонов
13 July 1930 10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Culture and Propaganda Department Aleksei Stetskii
(1896–1938)
Алексей Стецкий
13 July 1930 10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Institute of Marx–Engels–Lenin Vladimir Adoratsky
(1878–1945)
Владимир Адоратский
November 1931 10 February 1934 3 years and 105 days Russian
Organizational-Instruction Department Dmitry Bulatov
(1889–1941)
Дмитрий Булатов
13 July 1930 July 1931 353 days Russian
Zhozef Meyerzon
(1894–1938)
Жозеф Меерзон
July 1931 1932 336 days Russian
Pavel Postyshev
(1887–1939)
Григо́рій Петро́вський
1932 January 1933 214 days Russian
Vladimir Polonsky
(1893–1937)
Владимир Полонский
January 1933 August 1933 212 days RussianStar of David
Pravda Lev Mekhlis
(1889–1953)
Лев Мехлис
13 July 1930 10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Ukrainian
Secret Department Ivan Tovstukha
(1887–1939)
Иван Товстуха
13 July 1930 22 July 1930 9 days Ukrainian
Alexander Poskrebyshev
(1891–1965)
Александр Поскрёбышев
22 July 1930 10 February 1934 3 years and 203 days Russian

Membership[edit]

Full[edit]

Name
(birth–death)
Cyrillic
Left office Tenure Ethnicity Portrait Position held
(upon election)
Inner
membership
Pyotr Alexeyev
(1877–1936)
Пётр Алексеев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Leningrad Regional Council of Trade Unions
Andrey Andreyev
(1895–1971)
Андрей Андреев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Andrey Andreyev First Secretary, North Caucasian Regional Committee PB(C), PB
Nikolay Antipov
(1894–1938)
Николай Антипов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
People's Commissar for Posts and Telegraphs
Aleksei Badayev
(1883–1951)
Алексей Бадаев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Aleksei Badayev Chairman, Leningrad Union of Consumer Societies
Karl Bauman
(1892–1937)
Карл Бауман
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Latvian
SC, OB
Andrei Bubnov
(1884–1938)
Андрей Бубнов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Andrei Bubnov People's Commissar for Education of the Russian SFSR OB
Nikolai Bukharin
(1888–1938)
Никола́й Буха́рин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Nikolai Bukharin Member, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Vlas Chubar
(1891–1939)
Влас Чубар
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Ukrainian Vlas Chubar Chairman, Council of People's Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR PB(C)
Mikhail Chudov
(1893–1937)
Михаил Чудов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Second Secretary, Leningrad Regional Committee
Mikhail Chuvyrin
(1883–1947)
Михаил Чувырин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Ukrainian Council of Trade Unions
Robert Eikhe
(1890–1940)
Роберт Эйхе
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Latvian
First Secretary, Siberian Regional Committee
Yan Gamarnik
(1894–1937)
Ян Гамарник
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Ukrainian
Yan Gamarnik Head, Political Directorate of the Red Army OB
Filipp Goloshchokin
(1876–1941)
Филипп Голощёкин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days

Russian

First Secretary, Kazakskogo Regional Committee
Ivan Kabakov
(1891–1937)
Иван Кабаков
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
First Secretary, Ural Regional Committee
Lazar Kaganovich
(1893–1991)
Лазарь Каганович
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Russian
Lazar Kaganovich First Secretary, Moscow Regional Committee PB, SC, OB
Mikhail Kalinin
(1875–1946)
Михаил Калинин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Mikhail Kalinin Chairman, Central Executive Committee of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets PB
Mendel Khatayevich
(1893–1937)
Мендель Хатаевич
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Mendel Khatayevich First Secretary, Srednevolzhsky Regional Committee
Sergey Kirov
(1886–1934)
Серге́й Ки́ров
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Sergey Kirov First Secretary, Leningrad Regional Committee PB
Vilhelm Knorin
(1890–1938)
Вильгельм Кнорин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Latvian
Member, Executive Committee of the Comintern
Ivan Kodatskiy
(1893–1937)
Иван Кодацкий
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Ukrainian
Chairman, Executive Committee of the Leningrad Regional Soviet
Nikolay Kolotilov
(1885–1937)
Николай Колотилов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
First Secretary, Ivanovo Industrial Regional Committee
Nikolay Komarov
(1886–1937)
Николай Комаров
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Member, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Joseph Kosior
(1889–1937)
Иосиф Косиор
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Polish
Chairman, Board of Vostokstal
Stanislav Kosior
(1889–1939)
Станислав Косиор
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Polish Stanislav Kosior First Secretary, Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik) of Ukraine PB
Nadezhda Krupskaya
(1869–1939)
Наде́жда Кру́пская
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days RussianVenus symbol Nadezhda Krupskaya Deputy People's Commissar for Education of the Russian SFSR
Gleb Krzhizhanovsky
(1872–1959)
Глеб Кржижано́вский
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Gleb Krzhizhanovsky Chairman, State Planning Commission at the Council of Labor and Defense
Nikolay Kubiak
(1881–1937)
Николай Кубяк
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian People's Commissar for Agriculture of the Russian SFSR
Valerian Kuybyshev
(1888–1935)
Валериан Куйбышев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Valerian Kuybyshev Chairman, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy PB
Emanuel Kviring
(1888–1937)
Эммануил Квиринг
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Volga German Emanuel Kviring Deputy Chairman, State Planning Commission at the Council of Labor and Defense
Dmitry Lebed
(1893–1937)
Дмитрий Лебедь
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Deputy Chairman, Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR
Deputy Chairman, Council of Labor and Defense of the Russian SFSR
Fyodor Leonov
(1892–1938)
Фёдор Леонов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
First Secretary, Moscow Regional Committee
Semen Lobov
(1888–1937)
Семён Лобов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Deputy Chairman, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy OB
Vissarion Lominadze
(1897–1935)
Виссарион Ломинадзе
1 December 1930 141 days Georgian
First Secretary, Transcaucasian Regional Committee
Isidore Lyubimov
(1882–1937)
Исидор Любимов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Board of the Central Union of Consumer Societies
Dmitry Manuilsky
(1883–1959)
Дмитро Мануїльський
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Ukrainian
Member, Presidium of the Executive Committee of the Comintern
Anastas Mikoyan
(1895–1978)
Анаста́с Микоя́н
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Armenian Anastas Mikoyan People's Commissar for Foreign and Internal Trade PB(C)
Vyacheslav Molotov
(1890–1986)
Вячеслав Молотов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Vyacheslav Molotov
PB, SC, OB
Ivan Moskvin
(1890–1937)
Иван Москвин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Head, Administrative, Enterprise and Trade Union Cadres Department SC(C), OB
Ivan Nosov
(1888–1937)
Иван Носов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Executive Secretary, Moscow District Committee
Georgy Oppokov
(1888–1938)
Георгий Оппоков
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Georgy Oppokov Member, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Mamia Orakhelashvili
(1888–1937)
Мамия Орахелашвили
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Georgian Mamia Orakhelashvili Member, Editorial Board of Pravda
Grigory Petrovsky
(1878–1958)
Григо́рій Петро́вський
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Ukrainian Grigory Petrovsky Chairman, Central Executive Committee of the All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets PB(C)
Osip Piatnitsky
(1882–1938)
Осип Пятницкий
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Russian
Osip Piatnitsky Member, Presidium of the Executive Committee of the Comintern
Pavel Postyshev
(1887–1939)
Григо́рій Петро́вський
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Pavel Postyshev First Secretary, Kharkiv Regional Committee SC, OB
Georgy Pyatakov
(1890–1939)
Георгий Пятаков
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Georgy Pyatakov Chairman, Board of the State Bank
Jānis Rudzutaks
(1887–1938)
Ян Рудзутак
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Latvian Jānis Rudzutaks Deputy Chairman, Council of People's Commissars
Deputy Chairman, Council of Labour and Defense
People's Commissar for Railways
PB
Moisei Rukhimovich
(1889–1938)
Моисей Рухимович
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Russian
Deputy Chairman, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Ivan Rumyantsev
(1886–1937)
Иван Румянцев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
First Secretary, Western Regional Committee
Alexei Rykov
(1881–1938)
Алексей Рыков
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Alexei Rykov Chairman, Council of People's Commissars
Chairman, Council of Labor and Defense
PB
Kuzma Ryndin
(1893–1938)
Кузьма Рындин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Moscow Control Commission
Isaak Schwartz
(1879–1951)
Исаак Шварц
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Ukrainian
Member, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Boris Sheboldaev
(1895–1937)
Борис Шеболдаев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
First Secretary, Lower Volga Regional Committee
Nikolay Shvernik
(1888–1970)
Николай Шверник
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Nikolay Shvernik Chairman, All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions SC(C), OB
Mykola Skrypnyk
(1872–1933)
Микола Скрипник
7 July 1933 2 years and 359 days Ukrainian Mykola Skrypnyk People's Commissar for Education of the Ukrainian SSR
Alexander Smirnov
(1878–1938)
Александр Смирно
12 January 1933 2 years and 183 days Russian
Member, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy OB(C)
Joseph Stalin
(1878–1953)
Ио́сиф Ста́лин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Georgian General Secretary, Central Committee PB, SC, OB
Aleksei Stetskii
(1896–1938)
Алексей Стецкий
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Head, Culture and Propaganda Department
Konstantin Strievsky
(1885–1938)
Константин Стриевский
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Belarusian
Chairman, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy of the Russian SFSR
Daniil Sulimov
(1890–1937)
Даниил Сулимов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
First Deputy People's Commissar for Railways
Sergei Syrtsov
(1893–1937)
Сергей Сырцов
1 December 1930 141 days Russian
Chairman, Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR PB(C)
Aleksandr Tolokontsev
(1889–1937)
Александр Толоконцев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Member, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Mikhail Tomsky
(1880–1936)
Михаил Томский
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Mikhail Tomsky Deputy Chairman, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Anton Tsikhon
(1887–1939)
Антон Цихон
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Central Committee of the Union of Builders OB(C)
Konstantin Ukhanov
(1891–1937)
Константин Уханов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Executive Committee of the Moscow Regional Soviet
Juozas Vareikis
(1894–1938)
Иосиф Варейкис
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Lithuanian
First Secretary, Azov–Black Sea Regional Committee
Kliment Voroshilov
(1881–1969)
Климент Ворошилов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Kliment Voroshilov Chairman, Revolutionary Military Council
People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs
PB
Yakov Yakovlev
(1896–1938)
Я́ков Я́ковлев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Ukrainian
Yakov Yakovlev People's Commissar for Agriculture
Isaak Zelensky
(1890–1937)
Исаак Зеленский
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Russian
Secretary, Central Asian Bureau
Andrei Zhdanov
(1896–1948)
Андрей Жданов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Andrei Zhdanov First Secretary, Nizhny Novgorod Regional Committee
Ivan Zhukov
(1889–1937)
Иван Жуков
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Member, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy

Candidates[edit]

Name
(birth–death)
Cyrillic
Left office Tenure Ethnicity Portrait Position held
(upon election)
Inner
membership
Stepan Afanasyev
(1894–1965)
Степан Афанасьев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Leningrad Soviet of the National Economy
Aleksey Amosov
(1896–1937)
Алексей Амосов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Central Committee of the Union of Railway Workers
Petr Baranov
(1892–1933)
Пётр Баранов
5 September 1933 3 years and 54 days Russian
Commander, Red Army Air Force
Sergei Bergavinov
(1889–1937)
Сергей Бергавинов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
First Secretary, Northern Regional Committee
Nikolai Bryukhanov
(1878–1938)
Николай Брюханов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
People's Commissar for Finance
Ivan Bulat
(1896–1938)
Иван Булат
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Ukrainian
First Secretary, Moscow City Committee
Dmitry Bulatov
(1889–1941)
Дмитрий Булатов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Head, Organizational-Instruction Department
Anton Bulin
(1894–1938)
Антон Булин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Deputy Head, Political Directorate of the Red Army
Nikolai Chaplin
(1902–1938)
Николай Чаплин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Second Secretary, Transcaucasian Regional Committee
Sergey Chutskayev
(1876–1944)
Сергей Чуцкаев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Budget Committee of the Congress of Soviets
Member, Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the Congress of Soviets
Aleksandr Dogadov
(1888–1937)
Александр Догадов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Deputy Chairman, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy OB(C)
Shalva Eliava
(1883–1937)
Шалва Элиава
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Georgian Shalva Eliava Chairman, Council of People's Commissars of the Transcaucasian SFSR
Konstantin Gey
(1896–1939)
Константин Гей
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
[note 1]
First Secretary, Central Committee of the Communist Party of Byelorussia
Nikolay Goloded
(1894–1937)
Николай Голодед
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Belarusian
Chairman, Council of People's Commissars of the Byelorussian SSR
Fyodor Gryadinsky
(1893–1938)
Фёдор Грядинский
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Deputy People's Commissar for Foreign and Internal Trade
Akmal Ikramov
(1898–1938)
Акмаль Икрамов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Uzbek Akmal Ikramov First Secretary, Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Uzbekistan
Uraz Isayev
(1899–1938)
Ураз Исаев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Kazakh
Chairman, Council of People's Commissars of the Kazakh ASSR
Vladimir Ivanov
(1893–1938)
Владимир Иванов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Second Secretary, North Caucasian Regional Committee
Mikhail Kakhiani
(1896–1937)
Михаил Кахиани
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Second Secretary, Central Asian Bureau
Anna Kalgyna
(1895–1937)
Анна Калыгина
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days RussianVenus symbol
First Secretary, Tver Regional Committee
Moisei Kalmanovich
(1888–1937)
Моисей Калманович
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Deputy People's Commissar for Agriculture
Grigory Kaminsky
(1895–1938)
Григорий Каминский
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Russian
Grigory Kaminsky Secretary, Moscow City Committee
Head, Agitation and Mass Campaign Department
Lavrentiy Kartvelishvili
(1890–1938)
Лаврентий Картвелишвили
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Georgian
Second Secretary, Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine
Mikhail Khloplyankin
(1892–1938)
Михаил Хлоплянкин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Executive Committee of the Volga Regional Soviet
Aleksei Kiselyov
(1879–1937)
Алексей Киселёв
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Aleksei Kiselyov Secretary, Central Executive Committee of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets
Ivan Klimenko
(1891–1937)
Иван Клименко
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Deputy People's Commissar for Agriculture
Alexander Kosarev
(1903–1939)
Александр Косарев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Alexander Kosarev First Secretary, Central Committee of the Komsomol OB(C)
Ivan Kozlov
(1883–1970)
Иван Козлов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Executive Secretary, Krasnaya Presnya District Committee
Alexander Krinitsky
(1894–1937)
Александр Криницкий
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Alexander Krinitsky Deputy People's Commissar, Workers' and Peasants' Inspectorate
Vasily Kuritsyn
(1892–1937)
Василий Курицын
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Solomon Lozovsky
(1892–1952)
Соломон Лозовский
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Russian
Solomon Lozovsky General Secretary, Central Committee of the Red International of Labour Unions
Naum Markovich
(1895–1971)
Наум Анцелович
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days

Russian

Chairman, Central Committee of the Union of Land and Forestry Workers
Valery Mezhlauk
(1893–1938)
Валерий Межлаук
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Latvian Valery Mezhlauk Deputy Chairman, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Vasily Mikhailov
(1894–1937)
Василий Михайлов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Mikhail Mikhailov-Ivanov
(1894–1931)
Михаил Михайлов-Иванов
27 September 1931 1 year and 76 days Russian
Director, Stalingrad Tractor Plant
Levon Mirzoyan
(1887–1939)
Левон Мирзоян
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Armenian Levon Mirzoyan First Secretary, Perm Regional Committee
Gazanfar Musabekov
(1888–1938)
Газанфар Мусабеков
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Azerbaijani
Chairman, Central Executive Committee of the All-Azerbijani Congress of Soviets
Klavdija Nikolaeva
(1893–1944)
Клавдия Николаева
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days RussianVenus symbol
Head, Agitation and Mass Campaign of the North Caucasian Regional Committee
Valerian Osinsky
(1887–1938)
Валериан Оболенский
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Deputy Chairman, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Mikhail Oshvintsev
(1889–1939)
Михаил Ошвинцев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Executive Committee of the Ural Regional Soviet
Nikolai Pakhomov
(1890–1938)
Николай Пахомов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Executive Committee of the Nizhny Novgorod Regional Soviet
Ivan Perepechko
(1897–1943)
Иван Перепечко
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Ukrainian
First Secretary, Far Eastern Regional Committee
Vladimir Polonsky
(1893–1937)
Владимир Полонский
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Russian
Secretary, All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions
Nikolai Popov
(1891–1938)
Николай Попов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Member, Editorial Board of Pravda
Boris Pozern
(1882–1939)
Борис Позерн
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Boris Pozern Secretary, Leningrad Regional Committee
Vladimir Ptukha
(1894–1938)
Владимир Птуха
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Ukrainian Vladimir Ptukha Second Secretary, Lower Volga Regional Committee
Konstantin Rumyantsev
(1891–1932)
Константин Румянцев
1932 1 year and 324 days Russian
Chairman, Board of Uralnefti
Maksimilian Savelyev
(1894–1938)
Алексей Седельников
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
First Secretary, Tula Regional Committee
Vasily Schmidt
(1886–1938)
Сергей Чуцкаев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
[note 2]
Vasily Schmidt Deputy Chairman, Council of People's Commissars
Deputy Chairman, Council of Labor and Defense
Alexei Sedelnikov
(1894–1938)
Алексей Седельников
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
First Secretary, Tula Regional Committee
Boris Semenov
(1890–1937)
Борис Семёнов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Alexander Serebrovsky
(1884–1938)
Александр Серебровский
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Deputy Chairman, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Pyotr Smorodin
(1897–1939)
Пётр Смородин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian Pyotr Smorodin First Secretary, Vyborg District Committee
Grigori Sokolnikov
(1888–1939)
Григорий Сокольников
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Ukrainian
Grigori Sokolnikov Ambassador of the Soviet Union to the United Kingdom
Vasily Stroganov
(1888–1938)
Василий Строганов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
First Secretary, Stalinskogo District Committee
Kirill Sukhomlin
(1886–1938)
Кирилл Сухомлин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy of the Ukrainian SSR
Roman Terekhov
(1889–1979)
Роман Терехов
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
First Secretary, Artiomovskiy District Committee
Fyodor Tsarkov
(1888–1938)
Фёдор Царьков
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Ieronim Uborevich
(1896–1937)
Иероним Уборевич
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Lithuanian Ieronim Uborevich Head, Weapons of the Red Army
Józef Unszlicht
(1879–1938)
Ио́сиф У́ншлихт
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Polish
Józef Unszlicht Deputy Chairman, Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Mikhail Uryvayev
(1887–1937)
Михаил Урываев
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Responsible for Military Industry at the Supreme Soviet of the National Economy
Gavrii Veynberg
(1891–1946)
Гавриил Вейнберг
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Polish
Secretary, All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions
Pyotr Volkov
(1896–1937)
Пётр Волков
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Moscow Soviet of the National Economy
Genrikh Yagoda
(1891–1938)
Генрих Ягода
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Russian
Genrikh Yagoda First Deputy Chairman, Joint State Political Directorate
Member, Special Council of the Joint State Political Directorate
Iona Yakir
(1896–1937)
Иона Якир
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days
Moldovan
Iona Yakir Commander, Ukrainian Military District
Voronova Yakovlevna
(1892–1990)
Пелагея Воронова
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days RussianVenus symbol
Second Secretary, Ivanovo Industrial Regional Committee
Tikhon Yurkin
(1898–1986)
Тихон Юркин
10 February 1934 3 years and 212 days Russian
Chairman, Board of Kolhoztsentra

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Konstantin Gey was born into an Estonian family, but was born and raised in Russia.
  2. ^ Vasily Schmidt was born into a German family, but was born and raised in Russia.

References[edit]

General[edit]

Plenary sessions, apparatus heads, ethnicity (by clicking on the individual names on "The Central Committee elected by the XVIth Congress of the AUCP (b) 7/13/1930" reference), the Central Committee full- and candidate membership, Politburo membership, Secretariat membership and Orgburo membership were taken from these sources:

Bibliography[edit]

Articles and journals
Books

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Szamuely 1966, p. 319.
  2. ^ Khlevniuk 2009, p. xvi.
  3. ^ Khlevniuk 2009, p. 2.
  4. ^ a b Khlevniuk 2009, p. 55.
  5. ^ Khlevniuk 2009, pp. 55–57.
  6. ^ Simons & White 1984, pp. 423–425.
  7. ^ Fainsod & Hough 1979, p. 410.
  8. ^ Fainsod & Hough 1979, pp. 410–411 & 417–419.
  9. ^ Fainsod & Hough 1979, pp. 417–419.