Central Council of Ex-Muslims
|Founded||21 January 2007|
|Focus||Representing people who left Islam|
|Mina Ahadi, Arzu Toker, Nur Gabbari|
The Central Council of Ex-Muslims (German: Zentralrat der Ex-Muslime, ZdE) is a German association (Verein) of non-religious, secular persons who were Muslim or originate from an Islamic country. It was founded on January 21, 2007 and has more than 100 members.
It has since opened branches in Britain and Scandinavia. A Central Committee for Ex-Muslims was also created in the Netherlands. The British chapter is affiliated with The Ex-Muslim Forum. Another Ex-Muslim grassroots group, Ex-Muslims of North America has launched independently in Canada and the United States and is now affiliated as well.
The Council was founded by about 30 ex-Muslims including Iranian women's rights activist Mina Ahadi (chairperson), who was sentenced to death in 1981 in her home country; the Turkish-born publicist Arzu Toker (vice chairperson); and Nur Gabbari, the son of an Iraqi clergyman.
Even in lands where execution for apostasy is prohibited, former Muslims are not sure of their lives, as their Muslim relatives may try to kill them. Chairwoman Ahadi has been put under personal security by German police after receiving death threats. Ahadi says that she and other members have been "terrorized".
The choice of the association's name is furthermore deliberate, as it is an allusion to the name of the Central Council of Muslims in Germany, which represents approximately 20,000 of the over 3 million German Muslims, and whose name is an allusion to the Central Council of Jews in Germany.
The Central Council of Ex-Muslims receives support from the Giordano Bruno Foundation in Germany and according to its own claim also by the International League of non-religious and atheists, Bund für Geistesfreiheit München, as well as Humanistischer Pressedienst.
On February 28, 2007, the Central Council of Ex-Muslims published details of the association's goals in a press conference at the Bundespressekonferenz in Berlin.
Comparable goals are aspired by the initiative "Secular Islam" of Islam critic Ibn Warraq, who belongs to the signers of the MANIFESTO: Together facing the new totalitarianism and has published a book called Leaving Islam. Apostates speak out.
The Council has stated its goals:
- "Start the campaign We've Given It Up!, which may be an allusion to an earlier feminist campaign under the slogan We have aborted!. The goal of the campaign is to convey ideas of Enlightenment to Islam. The Council wants to highlight the difficulties of leaving the Islamic faith and help those who are interested in doing so to leave Islam."
- "Convince the German government not to perceive all immigrants from Islamic countries as Muslims. The Council criticizes the fact that these immigrants are considered to be Muslims regardless of their actual beliefs. Mina Ahadi denounces the German Islam Conference which was initiated by the German government in the summer of 2006 for making this association."
- "Convince the German government to stop dealing with political Muslim organizations such as the Central Council of Muslims in Germany (ZMD) or Milli Görüs. According to the Council, these organizations are inherently against human rights, anti-secular, and are anti-integrationist and should not be seen as an appropriate contact for the Muslim community by the German government."
The Council's criticism of Islam
Arzu Toker stated in an interview that she considers Sharia, Islamic law, as unacceptable and contradicting to both human rights and the values of the German constitution. According to Toker, Islam is anti-woman as it humiliates women and turns them into servants of the men. It is also anti-man, because it reduces men to breeding animals controlled by their urges. She also said that she does not distinguish between Islam and fundamentalism since according to her, "Islam is inherently radical".
The Council is also critical of umbrella organizations in Germany, which they say represent only political Islam and not most of the Muslims in Germany, and accuses them of being responsible for the appalling conditions under which many Muslims in Germany live.
In different interviews Ahadi has stated that it was not possible to reform Islam, that she is critical of all religions and not only of Islam, but that she does not want to abolish religion. The Council would like to live in peaceful and tolerant coexistence with Muslims in Germany.
Council of Ex-Muslims of Britain
The Council of Ex-Muslims of Britain is the British branch of the organization, representing former Muslims who fear for their lives because they have renounced Islam. It was launched in Westminster on 22 June 2007, and is led by Maryam Namazie, who was awarded Secularist of the Year in 2005 and has faced death threats. The activists of the organization, many of whom are Iranian exiles, support the freedom to criticize religion and the end to what they call "religious intimidation and threats." The CEMB in its manifesto states that it does not desire to be represented by regressive Islamic organizations and "Muslim community leaders". It says that by coming forward in public, it represents countless other apostates who fear coming out in public due to death threats. They take a "stand for reason, universal rights and values, and secularism". The Council in its manifesto also demands several things such as freedom to criticize religion, separation of religion from the state and the "protection of children from manipulation and abuse by religion and religious institutions".
- Apostasy in Islam
- Criticism of Islam
- List of ex-Muslim organisations
- List of former Muslims
- Liberal movements within Islam
- (German) Focus: Zentralrat der Ex-Muslime in Köln gegründet, February 11, 2007
- The Independent: "Allah vs atheism: ‘Leaving Islam was the hardest thing I’ve done’" by Sarah Morrison January 19, 2004
- (German) Kuno Kruse: Die vom Islam abfallen, Stern, February 27, 2007
- Heffening, W. "Murtadd". In P.J. Bearman; Th. Bianquis; C.E. Bosworth; E. van Donzel; W.P. Heinrichs. Encyclopaedia of Islam Online Edition. Brill Academic Publishers. ISSN 1573-3912.
- (German) Anna Reimann: Polizeischutz: Vorkämpfer für Islam-Austritte mit dem Tod bedroht | Pioneer for Leaving Islam protected after threats, Der Spiegel, February 21, 2007
- Founder of ex-Muslim group threatened, United Press International, February 23, 2007
- Abdul-Ahmad Rashid: Mission of the Reformed, Qantara.de, 2007
- Website of the Central Council of Ex-Muslims, links
- Information portal for Islam dropouts, media
- Arzu Toker on the Federal Press Conference, compare Website of the Central Council of Ex-Muslims
- (German) Natalie Wiesmann: "Wir Atheisten müssen lauter werden", die tageszeitung, April 4, 2007]
- (German) Political Demands by the Council
- Abdo Al-Mikhlafy: Islam Can't Be Reformed, Says Founder of Ex-Muslim Group, DW, March 3, 2007
- Jonathan Petre: New group for those who renounce Islam, The Daily Telegraph, June 21, 2007
- Tom Heneghan: "Ex-Muslim" group launches in Britain, Reuters, June 20, 2007
- CEMB Manifesto