Central European cuisine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Austrian Wiener Schnitzel
Slovak kapustnica (soup made from sauerkraut and sausage)
Polish Pierogi (filled dumplings with meat or cheese)
Hungarian gulyás soup

Central European cuisine consists of the culinary customs, traditions and cuisines of the nations of Central Europe.

The cuisines within each country in the region is strongly influenced by the local climate. For example, German, Austrian and Czech cuisines show many similarities, yet differ from the highlander cuisines in their respective countries, while in settlements closer to rivers or lakes, more fish and various seafood can be found more frequently. More mountainous areas near the Alps house dishes that contain cheese, milk and butter among other dairy products.[1]

Polish, Slovak, Slovene, and Hungarian cuisines, while considered Central European cuisines are considerably dissimilar to the Czech and Austrian/German cuisines in the rest of the region. Polish and Slovak cuisine are more influenced by East Slavic cuisines, but still maintain some significant influence from the Germano-Czech cultural sphere. Slovene cuisine is also in a similar position, but is influenced by Balkan and Mediterranean cuisine as opposed to East Slavic. Hungarian cuisine is likely the most dissimilar, which while maintaining some considerable connections, is mostly influenced by East Slavic, Balkan, and Ottoman cuisine.

Roman Empire influence[edit]

During the Bronze Age and Iron Age the basic foods were pulses, wild fruits and nuts, and cereals. Archaeobotanical evidence has shown that a large number of new foodstuffs were introduced to Central Europe under Roman rule, becoming incorporated into (rather than replacing) local culinary flavors. Because chickpeas, gourd, black pepper, pistachio, almond, dates, olives, melons and rice were difficult to cultivate locally they remained imported luxuries, out of reach for most. Evidence has been found for dill, celery seeds and other seasonings at Bibracte and other excavation sites.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ admin (2020-03-24). "Typical dishes for the Alpine region". Restaurant Fondue. Retrieved 2022-09-23.
  2. ^ Luxury: A Rich History. Oxford University Press. 2016. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-19-966324-8.
  3. ^ Fleming, Robin (11 June 2021). The Material Fall of Roman Britain. p. 206. ISBN 9780812297362.