The cuisines within each country in the region is strongly influenced by the local climate. For example, German, Austrian and Czech cuisines show many similarities, yet differ from the highlander cuisines in their respective countries, while in settlements closer to rivers or lakes, more fish and various seafood can be found more frequently. More mountainous areas near the Alps house dishes that contain cheese, milk and butter among other dairy products.
Polish, Slovak, Slovene, and Hungarian cuisines, while considered Central European cuisines are considerably dissimilar to the Czech and Austrian/German cuisines in the rest of the region. Polish and Slovak cuisine are more influenced by East Slavic cuisines, but still maintain some significant influence from the Germano-Czech cultural sphere. Slovene cuisine is also in a similar position, but is influenced by Balkan and Mediterranean cuisine as opposed to East Slavic. Hungarian cuisine is likely the most dissimilar, which while maintaining some considerable connections, is mostly influenced by East Slavic, Balkan, and Ottoman cuisine.
Roman Empire influence
During the Bronze Age and Iron Age the basic foods were pulses, wild fruits and nuts, and cereals. Archaeobotanical evidence has shown that a large number of new foodstuffs were introduced to Central Europe under Roman rule, becoming incorporated into (rather than replacing) local culinary flavors. Because chickpeas, gourd, black pepper, pistachio, almond, dates, olives, melons and rice were difficult to cultivate locally they remained imported luxuries, out of reach for most. Evidence has been found for dill, celery seeds and other seasonings at Bibracte and other excavation sites.
- Ashkenazi cuisine
- Austrian cuisine
- Czech cuisine
- German cuisine
- Hungarian cuisine
- Polish cuisine
- Liechtensteiner cuisine
- Silesian cuisine
- Slovak cuisine
- Slovenian cuisine
- Swiss cuisine
- Metzger, Christine (ed.) Culinaria Germany. Cambridge: Ullmann, 2008.
- Montanari, Massimo, Il mondo in cucina (The world in the kitchen). Laterza, 2002
- Mintz, Sidney . Tasting Food, Tasting Freedom: Excursions into Eating, Power, and the Past, Beacon Press, 1997, ISBN 0807046299
- Mintalová - Zubercová, Zora: Všetko okolo stola I.(All around the table I.), Vydavateľstvo Matice slovenskej, 2009, ISBN 978-80-89208-94-4