Central Franconian languages
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|North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Lorraine, Liège, Limburg|
Central Franconian among the Franconian languages.
- Ripuarian (spoken in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, in eastern Belgium, and the southeastern tip of Dutch Limburg)
- Moselle Franconian (in German Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland, in eastern Belgium and French Lorraine)
Luxembourgish is often included within Moselle Franconian, but sometimes regarded as a separate group. The German-speaking Community of Belgium comprises both Ripuarian and Moselle Franconian dialects. The Central Franconian dialects are part of the Rhinelandic continuum stretching from the Low Franconian language area in the northwest to the Rhine Franconian dialects in the southeast. Along with Limburgish, Central Franconian has a simple tone system called pitch accent.
The Central Franconian dialects are of particular interest to linguists because of the tonal distinctions made between different words, for example (Ripuarian) zɛɪ (tonal accent 1) "sieve" vs. zɛɪ (tonal accent 2) "she". See Pitch-accent languages#Franconian dialects.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Middle Franconian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Russ, Charles (2013). The Dialects of Modern German: A Linguistic Survey. Routledge. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-136-08668-7. Retrieved 17 Feb 2018.
- de Vaan, M. "Towards an Explanation of the Franconian Tone Accents", (Leiden University Repository), p. 2.