Central Industrial Security Force

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Central Industrial Security Force
केंद्रीय औद्योगिक सुरक्षा बल
Abbreviation CISF
केंऔसुब
Motto Protection and Security
संरक्षण व सुरक्षा
Agency overview
Formed 10 March, 1969
Employees 142,526 Active Personnel[1]
Legal personality Non government: Central Armed Police Forces
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency IN
Governing body Ministry of Home Affairs (India)
Constituting instrument Central Industrial Security Force Act, 1968
General nature
Specialist jurisdictions
  • Paramilitary law enforcement, counter insurgency, armed response to civil unrest, counter terrorism, special weapons operations.
  • Buildings and other fixed assets.
  • Buildings and lands occupied or explicitly controlled by the institution and the institution's personnel, and public entering the buildings and precincts of the institution.
Operational structure
Headquarters New Delhi, India
Minister responsible Rajnath singh, Union Home Minister
Agency executive Surender Singh [2], Director General of CISF
Parent agency Central Armed Police Forces
Website
cisf.gov.in

The Central Industrial Security Force (C.I.S.F) (established in its present form: 15 June 1983) is a Central Armed Police Force in India.

It was set up under an Act of the Parliament of India on 10 March 1969 with a strength of 2,800. CISF was subsequently made an armed force of the Union of India by another Act of Parliament passed on 15 June 1983. Its current sanctioned strength is 142,526 personnel.[3]

It is directly under the federal Ministry of Home Affairs and its headquarters are at New Delhi.

The CISF provides security cover to 300 industrial units and other establishments located all over India. Industrial sectors like atomic power plants, space installations, mints, oil fields and refineries, major ports, heavy engineering, steel plants, barrages, fertilliser units, airports and hydroelectric/thermal power plants owned and controlled by Central Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs), and currency note presses producing Indian currency are protected by CISF. It thereby covers installations all over India straddling a variety of terrain and climatic conditions. CISF also provides consultancy services to private industries as well as other organisation within the Indian government. The consulting wing has amongst its clients some of the renowned business houses and organisations of India including TISCO, Jamshedpur; SEBI Hqrs. Mumbai; Vidhana Sabha, Bangalore; Orissa Mining Co., Bhubaneswar; AP Assembly, Hyderabad; Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corp.; HIL Kerala;IB Thermal plant,Odisa; IARI, Delhi; NBRI, Lucknow and Electronics City, Bangalore. The scope of CISF's consulting practice includes security consulting and fire protection consulting.

CISF is just a unique organisation in paramilitary forces for India, which works for sea ways, airways and some of the major installations in India. In CISF there are some reserved battalions which works with the state police to protect law and orders. CISF plays a major role in Disaster Management, for Disaster Management course the personnel are trained from NISA, Hyderabad. Another unique thing which the CISF has is a Fire Wing which helps during fire accidents in Industries where CISF is on guard.

CISF Security Check Point

Raising and charter[edit]

It was set up under an act of the Parliament of India on 10 March 1969 with a strength of around 2,800 personnel and as the name suggests, it was created for the better protection and security of industrial undertakings in the country. There was a limitation though, that industries to be provided protection should be wholly owned by the central government, which has since been modified so that the industries can now be a joint venture with the central government. However the role of CISF has undergone a diversification and it now also protects airports, seaports, metro rail networks, government buildings, heritage monuments (including the Taj Mahal and Red Fort), opium and alkaloids extractions, nuclear power plants, and space installations. It also specialises in VIP security as well as disaster management.

Structure and organisation[edit]

CISF personnel at Red Fort, Delhi

The CISF is headed by an Indian Police Service officer with the rank of Director-General, assisted by an IPS officer in the rank of Addl. Director-General. The force is divided into seven Sectors (Airport, North, North-East, East, West, South and Training), and also has a Fire Service Wing.

The Airport Sector is commanded by an IPS officer in the rank of Addl. Director-General, assisted by an Inspector-General. The Airport Sector is divided into a number of Field Formation Units, one for each airport. Units at major international airports are commanded by a Deputy Inspector-General or Commandant; units at smaller airports by a Deputy or Assistant Commandant. The other six Sectors are each commanded by an Inspector-General, who is assisted by a Deputy Inspector-General.

The five regional Sectors are divided into Zones, each commanded by a Deputy Inspector-General. Within each Zone are a number of Units, each under the command of a Commandant, or a DIG for certain major Units. A Deputy Commandant serves as the second-in-command of most units, or as the head of a smaller unit. Within the Training Sector, the National Industrial Security Academy (NISA) is headed by an Inspector-General; the Fire Service Training Institute (FSTI) and six other recruit training centres are headed by Deputy Inspector-Generals.

The Financial Adviser of the CISF has been an Indian Revenue Service officer of the rank of Director and also has Dy Advisers from the Indian Audit and Accounts Service and Indian Civil Account Service.

Rank structure (gazetted officers)[edit]

CISFs RANKS POLICE RANKS
Director General (Apex Scale of the Indian Police Service) Director General of a State Police Force
Additional Director General (Higher Administrative Grade of the IPS cadre, also available to BSF cadre) C.P, ADG
Inspector General (IG) IG,Joint C.P
Deputy Inspector General (DIG) Additional C.P, DIG
Commandant (Comdt) SSP/DCP
Deputy Commandant (Dy Comdt) Addl SP,Addl.DCP
Assistant Commandant (Asst Comdt) Dy.SP,ACP
Main article: Indian Police Service

Being a central Indian police agency and having high presence of Indian Police Service officers, CISF follows ranks and insignia similar to other police organisations in India. Non-gazetted (enrolled) officers and members use the same ranks as other Indian police forces. *There is no equivalence between the ranks of the defense forces and the police forces since there is no government established relativity in terms of rank.

CISF to protect Non Nationalised industry/Corporate sector[edit]

The Indian Parliament on 25 February 2009 authorised the provision of Central Industrial Security Force security to private and cooperative establishments across the country for a fee with the passage of the CISF (Amendment) Bill, 2008.

The Bill, which was passed by Rajya Sabha on 19 February and Lok Sabha on 25 February 2009, also provides for deployment of CISF to protect Indian missions abroad and its participation in the UN peacekeeping operations.

CISF started providing security to the Infosys Bangalore and Pune campus on 31 July 2009.[4] The Infosys Mysore, the Reliance Refinery, Jamnagar and the Delhi Metro Airport Express Line are the latest additions to the list of private sector establishments to be placed under CISF cover. Mr. Manish Kumar Rai, Assistant Commandant, led the first contingent of CISF deployed at Infosys Bangalore

CISF has also started providing security to the Infosys Pune campus from 21 April 2011. [5]

Airport security[edit]

The CISF is in charge of airport security at all commercial airports in India. Airport security, in the past, was under the control of airport police (under the relevant state government). However, following the hijacking of Indian Airlines Flight 814 in 1999, the topic of handing over security of the airports to the CISF was first proposed. While this proposal lay low for the next two years, the central government decided to respond to the security threat faced by all major nations of the world after the 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States and decided to adopt the suggestion. The Jaipur Airport was the first airport that came under the CISF's control on 3 February 2000. Following this, the majority of the commercial airports in India were brought under its purview.[6] As of now CISF is protecting a total of 59 international and domestic airports in the country.

Security for Delhi Metro[edit]

Security on the Delhi Metro is handled by the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), who have been guarding the system ever since they took over from the Delhi Police in 2007.[7] Closed-circuit cameras are used to monitor trains and stations, and feed from these is monitored by both the CISF and Delhi Metro authorities at their respective control rooms.[8] Over 3500 CISF personnel have been deployed to deal with law and order issues in the system, in addition to metal detectors, x-ray baggage inspection systems and dog squads which are used to secure the system.[9] Intercoms are provided in each train car for emergency communication between the passengers and the driver.[10] Periodic security drills are carried out at stations and on trains to ensure preparedness of security agencies in emergency situations.[11]

Fire Wing[edit]

Besides providing protection, safety, and security to Industrial undertaking/installations, CISF also offers protection against Fire hazards. CISF has a highly specialised, trained and fully equipped fire wing. The first fire wing unit with a strength of 53 personnel was Inducted in FACT Cochin. As on date, the fire wing has been inducted in 91 units. The present strength of the Fire Wing is 6769 personnel.

The Fire wing which is an integral part of Central Industrial Security Force is the largest, well trained and equipped, fire fighting force in the Government Sector. It is known as an outstanding fire fighting force having an enviable record. It is providing fire coverage to Establishments varying from power plants, Refineries, Petro-Chemicals, fertilizers, Steel Plants Surface Transport, Heavy Industries, Space Application Center etc. Fire wing Induction in the Undertaking is not limited to providing manpower to fight fire alone. It also ensures availability of proper and adequate devices for fire prevention and fire fighting along with the fire fighting staff.

VIP Security: Special Security Group[edit]

In 2006 Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), on the basis of recommendations of the Intelligence Bureau, raised a special unit called Special Security Group (SSG) to provide security cover to persons nominated by the Home Ministry. It came into being on 17.11.2006. This unit is responsible for providing physical protection, evacuation, mobile and static security cover to persons nominated by the Home Ministry.[12] :para 2.129 For a person to be eligible for security cover by CISF special unit,the intelligence bureau and other secret police agencies, are required to specify the danger, after a detailed 'threat analysis', which are often fudged for political and other considerations.[13][14] Amar Singh, Rajya Sabha member from Uttar Pradesh, from the Samajwadi Party, remained on 'X' category central security cover for several years, based on 'secret police' threat assessments, which entitled him to 10 armed commandos, including two who accompanied him round-the-clock. In June 2016, he was stripped of his CISF secuity cover because the threat to him was considered spurious.[14] In addition to CISF the Government also utilizes the National Security Guard (NSG), CRPF, BSF, and ITBP for personal security cover.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://mha.nic.in/sites/upload_files/mha/files/AR(E)1516.pdf
  2. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/surender-singh-takes-over-as-new-cisf-dg/articleshow/47123629.cms
  3. ^ "MHA Annual Report 2015-16" (PDF). 
  4. ^ "Infosys gets CISF cover". Hindu.com. 1 August 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  5. ^ PTI. "Business Line : Industry & Economy / Info-tech : Infosys' Pune campus gets CISF cover". Thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  6. ^ Subhro Niyogi and Soma Ghosh (24 October 2001). "Mid-November target for CISF takeover of airport-Kolkata-Cities-The Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  7. ^ PTI (7 March 2007). "CISF to take over Delhi Metro security". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  8. ^ "Delhi metro parking areas to be bought under CCTV cameras - India - DNA". Dnaindia.com. 21 March 2010. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  9. ^ Megha Suri Singh (30 March 2010). "Moscow blasts put Metro security in alert mode". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  10. ^ http://www.delhimetrorail.com/OtherDocuments/commuters_guide/pdf/security_english.pdf
  11. ^ TNN 26 Mar 2010, 12.50am IST (26 March 2010). "Mock drills at 4 Metro stations". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  12. ^ MHA (2016). "Ministry of Home Affairs Annual Report 2015-2016" (PDF). New Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  13. ^ Ahuja, Rajesh (29 May 2016). "Staggering rise in VIP protectee list: 454 people in 2016". New Delhi: Hindustan Times. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  14. ^ a b DNA (15 June 2016). "Centre removes CISF security cover to Amar Singh". DNA. Retrieved 19 June 2016. 

External links[edit]