Central Institute for the Deaf

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CID - Central Institute for the Deaf
St. Louis, Missouri
Type Listening and Spoken Language School for Children Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing
Motto Where Children Learn to Listen, Talk, Read and Succeed
Established 1914
School district St. Louis, Missouri
President Scott Monette
Principal Lynda Berkowitz and Barb Lanfer
Head of school Robin Feder
Grades Ungraded
Affiliation Washington University School of Medicine
Languages English

Central Institute for the Deaf (CID) is a school for the deaf that teaches students using listening and spoken language, also known as the auditory-oral approach, to education. Founded in 1914 by otologist Max Aaron Goldstein, MD, the school is located in St. Louis, Missouri. CID is also an affiliate of Washington University in St. Louis.

CID was founded by Max Aaron Goldstein in 1914, with a mission of teaching the deaf to talk.[1] Goldstein built on techniques he had learned at the Vienna Polyclinic in Austria from Victor Urbantschisch regarding methods of teaching the deaf how to speak. Goldstien's plan was to have doctors and teachers at the institute work with parents to help their children speak and included the nation's first training program in auditory-oral deaf education for teachers.[2]

After Dizzy Dean of the St. Louis Cardinals was hit on the head with a baseball while trying to break up a double play in Game 4 of the 1934 World Series, Goldstein arranged for Dean to have a hearing test at the institute.[2]

Hallowell Davis came to St. Louis from Harvard Medical School and was the institute's director of research. Some of his early work there was done on behalf of the Veterans Administration, developing improved hearing aids for those who had suffered hearing loss in combat.[3]

In September 2003 in the wake of financial difficulties, Washington University in St. Louis acquired the institute's research division, formalizing a connection between the two institutions which had been longtime collaborators on research and education related to the deaf.[4]

Notable alumni[edit]


  1. ^ Sauerwein, Christina. "CENTRAL INSTITUTE IS COMMITTED TO TEACHING, DIRECTOR SAYS NEILSEN AND BOARD SEEK TO ADDRESS CONCERNS OF PARENTS AFTER SHAKE-UP", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, April 21, 1996. Accessed July 18, 2010. ""In 1914, physician Max Goldstein founded the institute with the philosophy that the deaf should learn to read lips and speak English rather than communicate in American Sign Language."
  2. ^ a b Max Aaron Goldstein, MD 1870-1941, Central Institute for the Deaf. Accessed July 18, 2010.
  3. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang. "Hallowell Davis, 96, an Explorer Who Charted the Inner Ear, Dies", The New York Times, September 10, 1992. Accessed July 18, 2010.
  4. ^ Naudi, Jack. "WASHINGTON U. BUYS RESEARCH ARM OF SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, September 19, 2003. Accessed July 18, 2010.
  5. ^ Kanwar, Tanuja. "Former pageant winners send congratulations to student", Gadsden Times, September 18, 1994. Accessed July 18, 2010.

External links[edit]