Central Luzon

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Region III
Central Luzon
Nickname(s): Rice Granary of the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°28′00″N 120°45′00″E / 15.466666666667°N 120.75°E / 15.466666666667; 120.75Coordinates: 15°28′00″N 120°45′00″E / 15.466666666667°N 120.75°E / 15.466666666667; 120.75
Country Philippines
Island group Luzon
Regional center San Fernando, Pampanga
 • Total 21,543 km2 (8,318 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 10,137,737
 • Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ISO 3166 code PH-03
Provinces 7
Cities 14
Municipalities 116
Barangays 3,102
Cong. districts 20
Languages Tagalog, Ilocano, Kapampangan, Pangasinan Sambal, English, others

Central Luzon (Filipino: Gitnâng Luzon, also known as Region III), is an administrative division or region of the Republic of the Philippines, primarily serve to organize the 7 provinces of the vast central plain of the island of Luzon (the largest island), for administrative convenience. The region contains the largest plain in the country and produces most of the country's rice supply, earning itself the nickname "Rice Granary of the Philippines". Its provinces are: Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, and Zambales.[2]


Central Luzon Region is located north of Manila, the nation's capital. Bordering it are the regions of Ilocos, Cordillera Administrative Region and Cagayan Valley to the north; National Capital Region, Calabarzon and the waters of Manila Bay to the south; South China Sea to the west; and the Philippine Sea to the east.[3]

There are fourteen cities namely: Balanga in Bataan; Malolos, Meycauayan and San Jose del Monte in Bulacan; Cabanatuan, Gapan, Muñoz, Palayan and San Jose in Nueva Ecija; Angeles, Mabalacat and San Fernando in Pampanga; Tarlac in Tarlac; and Olongapo in Zambales. Central Luzon produces the most rice in the whole country. Excess rice is delivered and imported to other provinces of the Philippines.[4]

The City of San Fernando, in Pampanga, is the regional center.

Aurora was transferred from Region IV by Executive Order No. 103.[5]


Population census of Central Luzon
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 6,338,590 —    
2000 8,204,742 +2.61%
2010 10,137,737 +2.14%
Source: National Statistics Office[1]


Eighty percent of the population of Central Luzon is Roman Catholic. Other religions represented are Protestants (including Evangelicals), Islam, and Iglesia Ni Cristo. In this region also where the Members Church of God International (also known by many as Ang Dating Daan) headquarters is located in Apalit, Pampanga where most members are. There are also other denominations such as Jesus Is Lord, Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ, Jesus Miracle Crusade, United Methodist Church and others.

Political Divisions[edit]

Region 3 is composed of 7 provinces, 14 cities, 116 municipalities, 3,102 barangays[6]


Political map of Central Luzon
Province Capital No. of
Ph seal aurora.png Aurora Baler 0 3,147.32 173,797 187,802 201,233 Gerardo A. Noveras
Ph seal bataan.png Bataan Balanga 1 1,372.98 557,659 662,153 687,482 Enrique T. Garcia Jr.
PH seal bulacan.png Bulacan Malolos 3 2,774.85 2,234,088 2,826,936 2,924,433 Wilhelmino M. Sy-Alvarado
Ph seal nueva ecija.png Nueva Ecija Palayan 5 5,751.33 1,659,883 1,853,853 1,955,373 Aurelio M. Umali
Ph seal of pampanga.png Pampanga San Fernando 3 1,984.72 1,882,730 1,911,951 2,014,019 Lilia Pineda
Ph seal tarlac.png Tarlac Tarlac City 1 2,736.64 1,068,783 1,243,449 1,273,240 Victor Yap
Ph seal zambales.png Zambales Iba 1 3,529.40 433,538 493,085 534,443 Jun Ebdane


The Central Luzon Region has fourteen cities. San Jose del Monte is the city with the most population while Meycauayan is the most densely populated city in the region. Tarlac City is the largest based on land area.

City Province City Class Income Class Area
Ph seal angeles, pampanga.png Angeles Pampanga Highly Urbanized 1st Class 60.27 326,336 5,414.6
Official Seal Balanga City.png Balanga Bataan Component 4th Class 111.63 87,920 787.6
Ph seal nueva ecija cabanatuan.png Cabanatuan Nueva Ecija Component 1st Class 192.29 272,676 1,418
Ph seal nueva ecija gapan.png Gapan Nueva Ecija Component 4th Class 164.44 101,488 617.2
Mabalacat City Seal.png Mabalacat Pampanga Component 1st Class 83.18 215,610 2,592.09
Ph seal bulacan malolos.png Malolos Bulacan Component 1st Class 77.25 234,945 3,041.4
Ph seal bulacan meycauayan.png Meycauayan Bulacan Component 1st Class 32.10 199,154 6,204.2
Science City of Munoz Seal.PNG Muñoz Nueva Ecija Component 4th Class 163.05 75,462 462.8
Ph seal olongapo.png Olongapo Zambales Highly Urbanized 1st Class 185.00 221,178 1,195.6
Ph seal nueva ecija palayan.png Palayan Nueva Ecija Component 5th Class 101.40 37,219 367.1
Ph seal san fernando pampanga.png San Fernando Pampanga Component 1st Class 67.74 285,912 4,220.7
Ph seal san jose nueva ecija.png San Jose Nueva Ecija Component 2nd Class 185.99 129,424 695.9
Ph seal bulacan sanjose.png San Jose del Monte Bulacan Component 1st Class 165.10 454,553 2,753.2
FvfTSU0042 01.JPG Tarlac City Tarlac Component 1st Class 274.66 318,332 1,159

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Central Luzon, Region III, Philippines". flagspot.net. 
  3. ^ "Region III, Central Luzon, Geographical Location". evis.net.ph. 
  4. ^ "REGION III (Central Luzon)". National Statistical Coordination Board. 
  5. ^ "EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 103, December 24, 1986". Supreme Court E-Library. 
  6. ^ "List of Regions". National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City, and Municipality Region III - Central Luzon: 1990, 2000, and 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 

External links[edit]