Central Malay

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Central Malay
Middle Malay, South Barisan Malay
Native toIndonesia
RegionBengkulu
South Sumatra
Lampung
Native speakers
1.6 million (2000)[1]
Austronesian
DialectsBenakat
Bengkulu
Besemah
Enim
Kikim
Kisam
Lematang Ulu
Lintang
Ogan
Rambang
Semendo
Serawai
Language codes
ISO 639-3pse
pse Central Malay
Glottologcent2053[2]

Central Malay, also called Middle Malay or South Barisan Malay is a collection of related Malayic isolects spoken in the southwestern part of Sumatra. None of the Central Malay isolects has more than one million speakers.

Name[edit]

Traditionally, the term "Middle Malay" (a calque of Dutch term Midden-Maleisch) is used when referring to this cluster. Later, to avoid misidentification with a temporal stage of Malay language (i.e. the transition between Old Malay and Modern Malay), the term "Central Malay" is used.[3] McDonnell (2016) uses the term "South Barisan Malay" instead, referring to the southern region of Barisan Mountains where these isolects are spoken.[4]

Varieties[edit]

Ethnologue groups together 12 isolects as part of Central Malay.[5]

There have been few researches on individual isolect within the cluster.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Central Malay at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Malay". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Adelaar, K. Alexander. 1992. Proto-Malayic: The Reconstruction of its Phonology and Parts of its Lexicon and Morphology. Pacific Linguistics, Series C, no. 119. Canberra: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, the Australian National University.
  4. ^ McDonnell, Bradley. 2016. Symmetrical voice constructions in Besemah : a usage-based approach. PhD Dissertation. Santa Barbara: University of California Santa Barbara.
  5. ^ Lewis, M. Paul; Gary F. Simons; Charles D. Fennig, eds. (2015). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (18th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.