|Middle Malay, South Barisan Malay|
|1.6 million (2000)|
Central Malay, also called Middle Malay or South Barisan Malay is a collection of related Malayic isolects spoken in the southwestern part of Sumatra. None of the Central Malay isolects has more than one million speakers.
Traditionally, the term "Middle Malay" (a calque of Dutch term Midden-Maleisch) is used when referring to this cluster. Later, to avoid misidentification with a temporal stage of Malay language (i.e. the transition between Old Malay and Modern Malay), the term "Central Malay" is used. McDonnell (2016) uses the term "South Barisan Malay" instead, referring to the southern region of Barisan Mountains where these isolects are spoken.
Ethnologue groups together 12 isolects as part of Central Malay.
There have been few researches on individual isolect within the cluster.
- Central Malay at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Malay". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Adelaar, K. Alexander. 1992. Proto-Malayic: The Reconstruction of its Phonology and Parts of its Lexicon and Morphology. Pacific Linguistics, Series C, no. 119. Canberra: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, the Australian National University.
- McDonnell, Bradley. 2016. Symmetrical voice constructions in Besemah : a usage-based approach. PhD Dissertation. Santa Barbara: University of California Santa Barbara.
- Lewis, M. Paul; Gary F. Simons; Charles D. Fennig, eds. (2015). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (18th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
|Central Malay test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|