Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute

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Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur
CSIR-CMERI, Durgapur
The logo of the Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute
Motto यन्त्र मेवास्माकम मंत्र:
(yantra mewasmaakam mantra)
Motto in English
Machine is our Incantation.
Type Public Institution
Established February 26, 1958
Endowment Public
Chairman Prime Minister of India
Director Prof. Harish Hirani[1]
Director General Dr. Girish Sahni
Administrative staff
418: 125 scientists, 293 technical/supporting personnel.[2]
Location MG Avenue, Durgapur-713 209.
Affiliations Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
Website www.cmeri.res.in

Coordinates: 23°32′37″N 87°17′39″E / 23.54361°N 87.29417°E / 23.54361; 87.29417 The Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (also known as CSIR-CMERI Durgapur or CMERI Durgapur) is a public engineering research and development institution in Durgapur, West Bengal, India. It is a constituent laboratory of the Indian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).[3] This institute is the only national level research institute in the field of mechanical engineering in India.[4]

The CMERI was founded in February 1958 under the endorsement of the CSIR. It was founded to develop national mechanical engineering technology, particularly in order to help Indian industries. During its first decade, the CMERI mainly focused its efforts towards national technology and import substitution. Currently, the Institute is making R&D efforts in the front-line areas of research such as Robotics, Mechatronics, Microsystem, Cybernetics, Manufacturing, Precision agriculture, Embedded system, Near net shape manufacturing and Biomimetics. Besides conducting cutting-edge research, the Institute works towards different R&D based mission mode programs of country to provide suitable technological solutions for poverty alleviation, societal improvement, energy security, food security, aerospace, mining, automobile and defense.[5]


Institute Main Building, CMERI Durgapur

CMERI has one office campus and three residential campuses in Durgapur. Office campus spans in an area of 81 acres with more than 16 buildings. The campus is located 7.80 kilometers from Durgapur railway station and 1.6 kilometers from Durgapur City Center. The campus is adjacent to National Institute of Technology, Durgapur and National Power Training Institute, Durgapur. An extension center of CMERI, Durgapur is situated in Bardwan District, an industrial town of West Bengal.

Three residential campuses extended over 72 acres of land and has civic amenities like Staff Quarters, Scientist Apartments, Children Park, Health Center, Staff Club, Guest Houses, Executive Hostels, Academic Hall of Residence, Dispensary, Market, Gymkhana and Schools. Kendriya Vidyalaya[6] is situated inside the campus for providing the education from primary to higher secondary students and meant mainly for ward of the employees. A state-funded free primary school named Shishu Bani is also available in the campus to serve the educational need of nearby poor people. The institute also runs a free children computer training center named CSIR Kids' i-zone, which is situated in the colony campus.

Organizational Structure


The CMERI has developed as many as many products and processes, out of which 26 have been awarded prestigious national awards. The CMERI has filed more than 100 patents. Over 120 licensees have learned from the institute's products and processes for commercial exploitation.[7]

During 1956-1962, Man Mohan Suri, the then Director of CMERI, has developed a novel concept of an integrated power pack involving reverse-governing techniques for the diesel engine superimposed on a hydro-mechanical transmission called Suri-Transmission.[8] This has resulted in substantially increasing the efficiency of diesel locomotives. Suri-Transmission and its improvements are covered by 36 patents in 11 major countries.

Swaraj Tractor is the first indigenous tractor designed and manufactured in India.
Sonalika Tractor
CMERI developed Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV-150)
CMERI developed All Terrain Robot (ATR-II)
CMERI designed Solar Power Tree

In the mid-sixties, the Green Revolution triggered large-scale tractor usage in India. To meet this growing demand in 1965, CMERI initiated a project for design and development of 35 HP tractor[9] based on indigenous know how. The developed tractor technology has been named as Swaraj[10] by Indira Gandhi (the then Prime Minister of India). Recently, the institute developed the Soleckshaw electric rickshaw under the CSIR-800 community project program,[11] with the aim of reducing the carbon footprint of the city[12] and simultaneously mitigating the drudgery of the manual rickshaw puller.[13] The institute in collaboration of West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency (WBREDA),[14] also developed a smart card based prepaid energy meter for use with renewal energy sources.[15][16] Scientists of the institute have developed India’s first cricket-ball stitching machine to bring uniformity in cricket balls and repeatability in performance.[17]

The institute is one of the nodal points of National Knowledge Network connectivity program under multi-gigabit pan-India network to share intellectual property and knowledge-base among premier R&D labs/institutes/universities of the country.[18]

Notable Technologies Developed[edit]

  • Suri Transmission[19]
  • Coil Expanding & Spreading Machine[20]
  • Automatic submerged arc welding machine
  • Hydraulic Bolt Tensioner
  • Portable oxy-gas cutting machine
  • TIG cutting machine
  • Cable Making Machine
  • Calendar Sealing Machine[21]
  • Hand Pump Attachable Iron Removal Plant[22]
  • Swaraj 35 HP Tractor[23]
  • Sonalika Tractor[24]
  • Deep Sea-bed Mining System[25]
  • Remotely Operated Vehicle[26]
  • Spouted Bed Dryer[27]
  • Fluidized Bed Dryer[28]
  • 50 TPD Oil Expeller[29]
  • Placer Sand Mining System[30]
  • Mark II Hand Pump [31]
  • Rotillor
  • Single Spindle Automatic Turret Lathe
  • SPM for Automatic Reaming of Bores
  • Electric Slag Refining Plant
  • Friction Welding Machine & TIG Cutting Torch
  • Self Propelled Combine Harvester
  • Inter Row Rotary Cultivator for Wide Row Crops
  • SPM for Manufacturing of Globoidal Cam Indexing Units
  • SCARA Manipulator of 60 kg Payload
  • Vision Guided Robotic System
  • Radio Frequency Quadruple (RFQ) LINAC
  • Design and Analysis of high ‘Q’ 75 MHz Radio Frequency (RF) Cavity for DRIFT Tube LINAC
  • Fluidised Bed Dryer for Oilseeds
  • 1 TPD Oil Expeller
  • Epoxy Concrete Technology
  • Process Development for manufacture of ADI crankshaft for cars and single cylinder agricultural pump engines
  • Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV-150)
  • Sub-Terrain Robot
  • All Terrain Robot
  • Five Axis µ-CNC Milling Machine
  • Reconfigurable Micro Factory Test Bed
  • 600 Litre/Day Capacity Semi Continuous Type Biodiesel Plant
  • A Prepaid Smart Card Operated Electronic Energy Meter with Online Load Optimizer for Solar Power Application
  • Orientation Unit for a Fruit Sorting and Grading Machine
  • Mobile Bridge Inspection Unit
  • Pneumatic Precision Planter for Vegetables
  • Domestic Type Filtration unit for defluoridation of drinking water
  • Appropriate Mechanization Project at the Durgapur Steel Plant
  • Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV): 500 m Depth Qualification
  • Design & development of Auitonomous Mobile Robot
  • Autonomous Intelligent Robotic Wheel Chair
  • Design and Development of Outdoor Mobile Robot
  • Teleoperated Rotary-Wing Aerial Robot (RWAR)
  • Colposcope- a Medical Device
  • Plasma Disposal of Plastic Waste and Generation of Syngas for Power Generation
  • Washing Unit for Freshly Harvested Ginger/Turmeric
  • Improved Cabinet Dryer for Ginger & Turmeric
  • Agricultural Implements
  • Krishi Shakti Tractor 10 HP Tractor[32][33][34]
  • Soleckshaw-Solar Electric Rickshaw[35]
  • Improved Iron Removal Plant[36]
  • Solar Power Tree[37]

Awards and Accolades[edit]

  • 1961: Padma Shri, Recipient Shri Man Mohan Suri[38]
  • 1962: Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, Recipient Shri Man Mohan Suri[39]
  • 1967: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Shri KV Shetty and Shri SGN Swamy
  • 1969: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Shri CP Srivastava et al.
  • 1972: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Shri Chandra Mohan et al.
  • 1972: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Shri SK Bhattacharya et al.
  • 1972: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Shri CS Kholia et al.
  • 1976: Inventions Promotion Board Awards, Recipient Prof SK Basu et al.
  • 1977: NRDC Award, Recipient Prof SK Basu and Dr H Bagchi
  • 1982: NRDC Award, Recipient Shri Hardyal Singh and Shri RS Kundi
  • 2003: CSIR Technology Award for the 35 HP Tractor
  • 2003: “We Think for India” Award, Recipient, Dr. Gopal P. Sinha et al.[40]
  • 2003: SAIL Gold Medal, Recipient Dr. Gopal P. Sinha[41]
  • 2004: SAIL Gold Medal, Recipient Dr. Gopal P. Sinha
  • 2005: SAIL Gold Medal, Recipient Dr. Gopal P. Sinha
  • 2011: Sir J C Bose National Fellowship, Recipient Prof. Gautam Biswas
  • 2013: CSIR Technology Award for Portable Colposcopy[42]
  • 2017: CSIR Technology Award for Improved Iron Removal Plant and its implementation in Rural Areas[43]
  • 2017: CSIR Young Scientist Award, Recipient Dr. Prosenjit Das

Extension Centre[edit]

CMERI-CoEFM, Ludhiana is the extension center of CMERI, Durgapur.

The CMERI Centre of Excellence for Farm Machinery (CMERI-CoEFM) (Erstwhile MERADO), Gill Road, Ludhiana, Punjab.[44] The CMERI-CoEFM was established as Mechanical Engineering Research & Development Organization (MERADO) at Ludhiana as an extension center of CMERI to concentrate on the technology development and expertise needs of around 65,000 small & medium scale industries, concentrated in and around Ludhiana, Punjab. In the past, a major component of R&D carried out at this center has gone in towards the development of appropriate machinery for productivity enhancement in the agricultural and the post-harvest processing sectors. A series of oil expellers of different capacity (from 1TPD to 50TPD) are developed with a patented technology to produce pungent oil from mustard seed, which was released to a number of industries. In the Industrial front, the center developed many products ranging from single needle flat bed & post bed leather sewing machine and high speed safety stitching industrial sewing machine for the textile industry, brick moulding machine for the construction industry, radial drilling machine, friction welding machine, and rough terrain forklift truck for the manufacturing industry.

This extension center of CMERI, Durgapur is now concentrating on precision farming, multi-cropping and productivity improvement of available land, that would lead to conservation of seed, water and fertilizer through the development of advanced farm machinery equipped with advanced sensors.

At present, the major R&D thrust of this center is directed towards the exploration of various sources of bio-fuels and perfecting its extraction technology. CMERI-CoEFM has taken initiative for development of small biodiesel plant suitable for farmers in rural sector. The center also has started experiments for utilization of de-oiled cakes for generation of bio-gas, which can be used by farmers for self-reliance in energy.


The institute offers integrated M.Tech.-PhD.[45] programmes from the Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research in New Delhi[46] in Mechatronics, and applied and Computational Mechanics.[47] New Postgraduate diploma Program [48] in Robotics, Maintenance Engineering and Advanced Manufacturing Technology are being offered with a target to provide in-depth exposure to the engineering concepts, scientific principles, implementation methodology and hands-on experience to freshers and Industry professionals. Other on-demand short-term courses are also arranged in the area of mechanical engineering and allied discipline. The CMERI offers opportunities to do projects[49] twice a year for B.E./ B.Tech./ M.C.A./ M.Tech. to students from reputed engineering colleges like IITs, NITs etc. in Robotics, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics, Computer Science, Mechatronics and Material Science.[50]

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ [1]. Biodata of Director, CSIR-CMERI. Retrieved on 2017-09-26.
  2. ^ [2]. Career at CSIR-CMERI. Retrieved on 2017-05-04.
  3. ^ http://www.csir.res.in
  4. ^ "Welcome to CMERI". cmeri.res.in. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  5. ^ http://www.cinc-kolkata.org/cmeri.html
  6. ^ "Kendriya Vidyalaya, CMERI, Durgapur". Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  7. ^ http://www.cinc-kolkata.org/cmeri.html
  8. ^ "Engineering Services". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  9. ^ http://www.mahindraswaraj.com/files/profile_history.htm
  10. ^ "History". mahindraswaraj.com. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 
  11. ^ http://www.vigeyegpms.in/csir-800/
  12. ^ "Solar rickshaws to power green city dreams". www.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  13. ^ ""Solekshwa" Eco-Friendly Dual-Powered Rickshaw Launched". www.dst.gov.in. Archived from the original on 2009-04-18. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  14. ^ http://www.wbreda.org/
  15. ^ "Recharge your energy... with a card!". thehindubusinessline.in. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  16. ^ "Smard Card Operated Prepaid Energy Meter". Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  17. ^ "Sewing-machine swing to bowlers' woes". Calcutta, India: telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  18. ^ "National Knowledge Network - Connecting Knowledge Institutions". www.nkn.in. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  19. ^ "Engineering Services". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  20. ^ "National Research Development Corporation". Archived from the original on 2013-12-17. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  21. ^ "Calendar Sealing Machine". Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  22. ^ "Hand Pump Attachable Iron Removal Plant". Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  23. ^ "Mahindra Swaraj Tractor". Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  24. ^ "Sonalika Tractor". Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  25. ^ "Deep Sea Bed Mining System". Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  26. ^ "Scientists develop ocean probe device". The Times Of India. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  27. ^ "Spouted Bed Dryer". Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  28. ^ "Fluidized Bed Dryer". Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  29. ^ "Oil Expeller". Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  30. ^ "Environmental studies of coastal placer minerals". Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  31. ^ "Technology Profile of CSIR-CMERI". Retrieved 2016-08-11. 
  32. ^ "10 HP Krishi Shakti Tractor: Empowering the Indian Farmer" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  33. ^ Mudur, G.S. (2014-02-22). "Bengal tractor to put bullocks out of work". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  34. ^ Mehta, Nikita (2014-11-20). "CSIR launches tractor for farmers with small land holdings". Live Mint. Calcutta, India. Retrieved 2014-11-20. 
  35. ^ "Soleckshaw-Solar Electric Rickshaw". Archived from the original on 2009-04-18. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  36. ^ "Improved Iron Removal Plant" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-06-21. 
  37. ^ "Dr. Harsh Vardhan launches the 'Solar Power Tree' – an Innovation aimed at utilizing minimum land to harness maximum Solar Energy". Retrieved 2016-07-22. 
  38. ^ Padma Shri Awards (1960–69)
  39. ^ "ENGINEERING SCIENCES". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2015-01-21. 
  40. ^ "WTI Award". Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  41. ^ "Awards and Honors" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  42. ^ "CSIR Technology Award 2013" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  43. ^ [# "CSIR Technology Award 2017"] Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 2017-09-27. 
  44. ^ "CSIR-CMERI-CoEFM, Ludhiana". Retrieved May 4, 2017. 
  45. ^ AcSIR Programmes at CSIR-CMERI
  46. ^ Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, New Delhi
  47. ^ Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research Programmes
  48. ^ Post Graduate Diploma Programs
  49. ^ Internship at CSIR-CMERI, Durgapur
  50. ^ Academic opportunities in CSIR-CMERI

External links[edit]