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Region XII
Central Mindanao (formerly)
Tuka Cove of Kiamba, Sarangani
Shoreline of Lebak, Sultan Kudarat
Asik-Asik Falls, North Cotabato
Aerial GenSan City Hall
Koronadal City Hall
Left to right, top to bottom: Tuka Beach in Kiamba, Sarangani; shoreline of Lebak, Sultan Kudarat; Asik-Asik Falls in Alamada, North Cotabato; aerial view of General Santos, the center for commerce, industry, and economy; and Koronadal, South Cotabato, the regional political center
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 6°30′N 124°51′E / 6.5°N 124.85°E / 6.5; 124.85Coordinates: 6°30′N 124°51′E / 6.5°N 124.85°E / 6.5; 124.85
Island groupMindanao
Regional centerKoronadal
 • Total22,513.30 km2 (8,692.43 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[1]
 • Total4,545,276
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ISO 3166 codePH-12
Cong. districts6

Soccsksargen (officially styled as SOCCSKSARGEN[2]) (pronounced [sokˈsardʒɛn]), formerly known as Central Mindanao, is an administrative region of the Philippines, located in south-central Mindanao. It is numerically designated as Region XII. The name is an acronym that stands for the region's four provinces and 1 city (South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos). The regional center is in Koronadal located in the province of South Cotabato, and the center of commerce and industry is General Santos, which is the most populous city in the Region.


The region is bounded on the north by Northern Mindanao, on the east by the Davao Region, and on the southwest by the Celebes Sea. The region also shares a maritime border with Gorontalo and North Sulawesi provinces of Indonesia. The province of Maguindanao is situated between Cotabato City, North Cotabato province, and Sultan Kudarat.

The region has extensive coastlines, valleys and mountain ranges. Known for its river system, the region is the drainage basin of Mindanao, particularly at the Cotabato Basin, a large depression surrounded by mountain ranges on three sides.[3][4] Within the basin runs the Rio Grande de Mindanao, the longest river in Mindanao and the second longest in the Philippines. The river empties into the Illana Bay of the larger Moro Gulf at the west of Cotabato City.

At the south of the basin lie the Tiruray Highlands, a moderately high mountain range blocking the basin from the southern coastline.[3] Southeast of the mountains lie the Sarangani Bay.


A view of McDonalds in Koronadal on May 2015

The oldest civilization in the region is located in Maitum, Sarangani, where the Maitum Anthropomorphic Pottery were found. The jars have been declared as National Cultural Treasures, and are subject to the high protections ensured by Philippine and international laws.

Central Mindanao[edit]

The region used to be named Central Mindanao. Prior to the creation of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) it comprised the following provinces:

With the creation of ARMM, Lanao del Sur,and Maguindanao (excluding Cotabato City) were removed from the region, leaving Lanao del Norte, Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat, and Iligan, Marawi and Cotabato City as constituent provinces and cities.[5] Lanao del Norte and Iligan were later transferred to Northern Mindanao, while Marawi became part of the ARMM.


On September 2001, Executive Order No. 36 was signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo transferring South Cotabato, Sarangani, General Santos (also known as the SocSarGen District), and Koronadal from Southern Mindanao to Region XII, and renaming the region, from Central Mindanao, to SOCCSKSARGEN.[2][6]

Koronadal City, New Regional Center[edit]

By virtue of Executive Order No. 304 signed by then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Koronadal City was named as the Regional political and socio-economic center of SOCCSKSARGEN on March 30, 2004. Regional departments, bureaus and offices were ordered to move from Cotabato City, the former Regional Center of the Region.

Cotabato City exit[edit]

Traditionally resisting efforts for inclusion to the autonomous region in Muslim Mindanao despite serving as the government center of the ARMM, the January 21, 2019 Bangsamoro Autonomous Region creation plebiscite resulted in the surprise ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law. This means Cotabato City may now formally serve as the capital of the region and the offices of the current ARMM will be retained for use by the Bangsamoro Regional Government and now formally exited to the Soccsksargen Region.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Region XII

Soccsksargen comprises 4 provinces, 1 highly urbanized city, 3 component cities, 45 municipalities and 1,195 barangays.

Province or City Capital Population (2015)[1] Area[7][8] Density Cities Muni. Barangay
km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi
Cotabato Kidapawan 30.4% 1,379,747 9,008.90 3,478.36 150 390 1 17 543
Sarangani Alabel 12.0% 544,261 3,601.25 1,390.45 150 390 0 7 141
South Cotabato Koronadal 20.1% 915,289 3,935.95 1,519.68 230 600 1 10 199
Sultan Kudarat Isulan 17.9% 812,095 5,298.34 2,045.70 150 390 1 11 249
General Santos 13.1% 594,446 492.86 190.29 1,200 3,100 26
Total 4,545,276 22,513.30 8,692.43 200 520 5 45 1,195


Component cities[edit]

Highly-urbanized city[edit]

  • General Santos — a highly urbanized city, it serves as the center of the Metropolitan and Regional Center for trade and industry of Soccsksargen.
  •  †  Regional center
Rank City Area



as of 2015

Tax collection

as of 2012[9]


as of 2015

Income class
1. General Santos 492.86 594,446 P1.175 billion Php 1,086.25 million 1st
2. Koronadal 277.00 174,942 P917 million

(including South Cotabato)

Php 504.77 million 3rd
3. Kidapawan 358.47 140,195 P554 million

(including Cotabato Province)

Php 509.68 million 3rd
4. Tacurong 153.40 98,316 P555 million

(including Sultan Kudarat Province)

Php 350.57 million 4th


Population census of SOCCSKSARGEN
1990 2,399,953—    
2000 3,222,169+34.3%
2010 4,109,571+27.5%
2015 4,545,276+10.6%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[1]


  • Cotabato — Gov. Emmylou "Lala" J. Talino-Mendoza (Liberal)
  • South Cotabato — Gov. Reynaldo S. Tamayo Jr. (Partido Federal ng Pilipinas (PFP)
  • Sultan Kudarat — Gov. Datu Suharto "Teng" T. Mangudadatu (Liberal)
  • Sarangani — Gov. Steve C. Solon (UNA)
  • General Santos City (HUC)— Mayor Ronnel “Nel” Rivera


The region contributes to the national GDP with 2.6% with 5% growth compared to 2016. 18.3% of Mindanao Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP).[10]

Musical heritage[edit]

Kulintang exhibited in Old Cotabato City Hall Museum

The culture of native Maguindanaon and other native groups, both Muslim and non-Muslim, revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found in the SoCCSKSarGent.


  1. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Executive Order No. 36; Providing for the Reorganization of the Administrative Regions in Mindanao and for Other Purposes". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Malacañang, Manila, Philippines. 19 September 2001. Retrieved 29 March 2016. SECTION 4. Region XII is hereby reorganized to be known as SOCCSKSARGEN and shall be composed of the following provinces and cities: a. Provinces i. North Cotabato ii. Sarangani iii. South Cotabato iv. Sultan Kudarat b. Cities i. Cotabato City ii. General Santos City iii. Kidapawan City iv. Koronadal City v. Tacurong City
  3. ^ a b Wernstedt, Frederick L.; Spencer, Joseph Earl (1978). The Philippine Island World: A Physical, Cultural, and Regional Geography. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 32–37. ISBN 9780520035133. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  4. ^ Hinz, Erhard (1985). Human Helminthiases in the Philippines the Epidemiological and Geomedical Situation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 129–131. ISBN 9783642708411. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  5. ^ "2000 Census of Population and Housing; Central Mindanao: Literacy Rate at 87 Percent". Philippine Statistics Authority. 9 December 2002. Retrieved 29 March 2016. As of May 1, 2000, the total population of Central Mindanao which covers the provinces of Lanao del Norte, North Cotabato, and Sultan Kudarat; and the cities of Iligan, Marawi and Cotabato, was 2,598,210 persons.
  6. ^ "Southern Mindanao Is Now All Davao Region". RDC XI Bulletin (Oct-Dec 2001, Volume 7). National Statistical Coordination Board. 29 January 2002. Archived from the original on 2 January 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016. Southern Mindanao or Region XI is now known as Davao Region and comprises four provinces (Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur and Davao Oriental) and five cities (Davao, Digos, Panabo, Tagum and the Island Garden City of Samal. Said provinces and cities are situated along the Davao Gulf area. South Cotabato, Sarangani, General Santos City (SOCSARGEN) and Koronadal City, which were part of the old Region XI) have been transferred to Region XII.
  7. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  8. ^ "List of Cities". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  9. ^ Zonio, Aquiles Z. "Central Mindanao PH's top tax revenue generator next to Metro Manila". Retrieved 2017-05-18.
  10. ^ NEDA launches regional dev’t plan in SOCCSKSARGEN.

External links[edit]