Central Point, Oregon

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Central Point, Oregon
City
Nickname(s): The Fair City
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 42°22′N 122°55′W / 42.367°N 122.917°W / 42.367; -122.917Coordinates: 42°22′N 122°55′W / 42.367°N 122.917°W / 42.367; -122.917
Country United States
State Oregon
County Jackson
Incorporated 1889
Government
 • Mayor Hank Williams
Area[1]
 • Total 3.90 sq mi (10.10 km2)
 • Land 3.90 sq mi (10.10 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,272 ft (388 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 17,169
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 17,411
 • Density 4,402.3/sq mi (1,699.7/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97502
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-12400[4]
GNIS feature ID 1118785[5]
Website www.centralpointoregon.gov

Central Point is a city in Jackson County, Oregon, United States. The population was 17,169 as of 2010.[6] The city shares its southern border with Medford and is a part of the Medford metropolitan area. Central Point is home of the Jackson County Fair that occurs in July.

History[edit]

Isaac Constant, a pioneer who settled here in 1852, named the location Central Point because of its location at a crossroads in the middle of the Rogue Valley. At this point, the main north–south road from the Willamette Valley met the road between Jacksonville and settlements along the Rogue River. In about 1870, Magruder Brothers opened a store at the crossroads. In 1872, a post office was established here under the name Central Point.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.90 square miles (10.10 km2), all of it land.[1]

The city lies at an elevation of about 1,272 feet (388 m) along Oregon Highway 99 and Interstate 5 northwest of Medford. Jacksonville is to the south and Gold Hill to the northwest.[8] The Siskiyou Line of the Southern Pacific Railroad passes through Central Point.[7]

Griffin Creek, a tributary of Bear Creek, joins the larger stream at Central Point.[8] The Bear Creek Greenway, a biking and hiking trail connecting Ashland, Talent, Phoenix and Medford along Bear Creek, also passes through Central Point.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 534
1900 322 −39.7%
1910 761 136.3%
1920 582 −23.5%
1930 821 41.1%
1940 906 10.4%
1950 1,667 84.0%
1960 2,289 37.3%
1970 4,004 74.9%
1980 6,357 58.8%
1990 7,509 18.1%
2000 12,493 66.4%
2010 17,169 37.4%
Est. 2015 17,995 [10] 4.8%
Sources:[11] [12][13][14][4][15]

Five of the eight public schools of the Central Point School District are located in the city: Central Point Elementary School, Mae Richardson Elementary School, Jewett Elementary School, Scenic Middle School, and Crater High School.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 17,169 people, 6,542 households, and 4,670 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,402.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,699.7/km2). There were 6,975 housing units at an average density of 1,788.5 per square mile (690.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.8% White, 0.4% African American, 1.0% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 3.1% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.0% of the population.

There were 6,542 households of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.6% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the city was 36.5 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.7% were from 45 to 64; and 14.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 12,493 people, 4,613 households, and 3,450 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,073.6 people per square mile (1,571.2/km²). There were 4,760 housing units at an average density of 1,552.1 per square mile (598.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.00% White, 0.25% African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 2.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.22% of the population.

There were 4,613 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,622, and the median income for a family was $44,849. Males had a median income of $32,778 versus $23,851 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,003. About 5.9% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Talk Radio Network, Erickson Air Crane, and Crater Rock Museum are located in Central Point. Rogue Creamery in Central Point makes some of the world's best cheeses according to judges at the World Cheese Awards and American Cheese Society Awards.

Top employers[edit]

According to the city's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[16] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Central Point School District 518
2 Reddaway 120
3 City of Central Point 91
4 Albertsons 77
5 Pilot Travel Center 66
6 Grange Co-op 60
7 Ray's Food Place 53
8 Providence Medical Group 40
9 Quality Fence Co. 40
10 Shari's Restaurants 35

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Central Point has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[17]

Climate data for Central Point, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
80
(27)
86
(30)
96
(36)
103
(39)
111
(44)
115
(46)
114
(46)
110
(43)
100
(38)
80
(27)
72
(22)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 48
(9)
54
(12)
59
(15)
65
(18)
73
(23)
82
(28)
92
(33)
91
(33)
84
(29)
70
(21)
53
(12)
46
(8)
68
(20)
Average low °F (°C) 32
(0)
34
(1)
36
(2)
40
(4)
45
(7)
52
(11)
57
(14)
56
(13)
49
(9)
42
(6)
36
(2)
30
(−1)
42
(6)
Record low °F (°C) −3
(−19)
6
(−14)
16
(−9)
21
(−6)
28
(−2)
31
(−1)
38
(3)
39
(4)
29
(−2)
18
(−8)
10
(−12)
−10
(−23)
−10
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.42
(61.5)
2.01
(51.1)
1.71
(43.4)
1.38
(35.1)
1.30
(33)
0.62
(15.7)
0.28
(7.1)
0.40
(10.2)
0.57
(14.5)
1.13
(28.7)
3.01
(76.5)
3.49
(88.6)
18.32
(465.4)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.30
(3.3)
0.60
(1.52)
0.40
(1.02)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.20
(0.51)
1.10
(2.79)
3.60
(9.14)
Source: [18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2011 Certified Population Estimates". Portland State University. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 185. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  8. ^ a b Oregon Road & Recreation Atlas (5th ed.). Santa Barbara, California: Benchmark Maps. 2012. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-929591-62-9. 
  9. ^ "Map". Bear Creek Greenway Foundation. Retrieved October 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Population-Oregon" (PDF). U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Population-Oregon" (PDF). 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  16. ^ City of Central Point CAFR
  17. ^ "Central Point, Oregon". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. Retrieved October 5, 2015. 
  18. ^ http://www.nws.noaa.gov/climate/xmacis.php?wfo=mfr

External links[edit]