Central Rabbinical Congress
The Central Rabbinical Congress (in full: Central Rabbinical Congress of the U.S.A. and Canada, commonly abbreviated to CRC; in Hebrew: Hisachdus HaRabbonim DeArtzos HaBris VeCanada התאחדות הרבנים) is a rabbinical organization that is a consortium of various Orthodox Jewish groups, with offices currently in Brooklyn, New York.
In the aftermath of World War II, when thousands of Jewish survivors arrived in the United States of America and began the process of rebuilding the dozens of communities which were decimated in the Holocaust, this organization was founded in 1953, with the stated goal of serving as an umbrella rabbinical body to unite the newly transplanted Hareidi communities, and to provide said communities with all religious needs.
The organization was founded by the Grand Rabbi of Satmar Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum OBM, alongside Rabbi Levi Yitzchok Greenwald of Tzehlim, Rabbi Yosef Greenwald of Pupa, Rabbi Shimon Yisroel Posen of Shopron, Rabbi Yonasan Steif of Vien, and Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum of Siget, who later assumed the title of Grand Rabbi of Satmar. These Rabbis formed the executive board of the organization.
The organization established a special panel of to maintain and enforce traditional Jewish law, called Vaad L'Chizuk Hadas (in Hebrew: ועד לחיזוק הדת), led by Rabbi Rafael Blum of Kashou, Rabbi Hillel Lichtenstein[disambiguation needed] of Krasna[disambiguation needed], Rabbi Yakov Lebowitz of Kapish, and Rabbi Moshe Bick of Mezhbizh.
An advisory board named Vaad L'inyonei Hora'ah (in Hebrew: ועד לעניני הוראה), was directed by Rabbi Naftali Hertzka Henig of Sharmash.
Throughout the years the organization grew exponentially, and quickly turned into one of the most recognized rabbinical organizations, currently having over 300 communal Rabbis as members, representing a reported collective constituency of over 250,000 throughout the US and Canada.
The current activities of the organization include but are not limited to a Kashrus division, a Beth Din, coordinating big rabbinical conventions and assemblies, addressing Jewish issues of importance to the general Jewish population.
Currently, the Dean of the Organization is Rabbi Yitzchak Glick, who has served in this position for over 40 years, assisted by Rabbi Mattes Berkowitz as secretary, and Rabbi Chaim Shlomo Ilowitz as Coordinator.
With many Jews arriving from Europe, whose Kosher standards differed from those generally accepted in America, the need for a Kosher Supervision was felt, and the organization established a division to serve as a Kosher Supervision, which was led by Rabbi Yissachar Ber Rottenberg of Wodzislaw and Rabbi Asher Babad of Tartikov. One of the first major Kashrus projects was the founding of a Shechita to produce poultry and beef in line with the high standards of these communities.
This division certifies hundreds of food manufacturing plants, producing thousands of kosher products, as well as many bakeries, catering halls and eateries, two large poultry plants, and five meat processing plants employing 50 shochtim, a few dairy farms and famous wineries.
This division, currently the biggest of the organization, consists of a large team of well trained Mashgichim who travel across the world supervising and certifying the plants and food production facilities, physically monitoring and ensuring that the all requirements are met.
In 2018 this division expanded and modernized the laboratory with new state of the art machinery and equipment, employing highly skilled professionals in the field of chemical research, analyzing various ingredients to ascertain their Kashrus viability, and analyzing the various plants and seeds for bug infestation.
Once a year, prior to Passover, this division published the highly acclaimed Mafteach Ha'Kashrus which includes all laws relevant to the Passover holiday, and general Kashrus information. Throughout the year, the division publishes a magazine with articles about topics of interest in the field of Kashrus and updates.
The Kashrus division is currently headed by the Chief Rabbi of Mount Kisco, New York Rabbi Hillel Weinberger of Serdahely, who serves as the Chief Justice of said division, Rabbi Yitzchak Menachem Eichenstein of Galanta, and Rabbi Shia Heschel Bick of Mezhbizh. And Rabbi Lipa Klein as Head Mashgiach, Executive Rabbinic Coordinator.
The organization counts with a full-service Beth Din, providing arbitration and mediation services mainly in Marital and Business disputes, settling hundreds of cases annually, and coordinating tens of Gittin (Jewish Divorces). The Beth Din also handles all matters pertaining to Kidushin (Jewish Weddings), ensuring the couple is allowed to be married in accordance with Halacha.
The Beth Din division is currently headed by Rabbi Mendel Zilber of Freiman[disambiguation needed] who serves as the Chief Justice, and some of the Dayanim (rabbinical judges) are Rabbi Yitzchak Menachem Eichenstein of Galanta, Rabbi Meshulam Polatchek (Av Beis Din Meged Yehuda in Brooklyn, New York, and Rabbi Abraham Gross.
The first Beth Din secretary was Rabbi Shabse Mordche Berkowitz, being replaced after his passing by Rabbi Yishay Buchinger.
The organization also maintains, in a separate office, a full-time Beis Hora'ah, with rabbis taking shifts to answer to the public on inquiries in Jewish law, from early morning, until midnight. This division was led for many years by Rabbi Shalom Kraus of Udvari.
In 1986, the CRC publicized the following declaration:
It is our duty to denounce those who invoke the name of the Almighty in vain. It is our holy obligation and our moral responsibility to call on them: Stop using these falsehoods and heresies to justify yourselves and your misdeeds. The Jewish faith, as transmitted by the Almighty to our forefathers has not and will never countenance the zionist and nationalistic doctrines of the state of Israel. These false doctrines are compounded of atheism and anti-religious zionism, ideologies alien to Judaism. Let them not be misrepresented to the world as Jewish.
- Complaint filed 10/11/12 in New York Southern District Court in the CRC et al v. NYCDOHMH et al Case No. 1:12-cv-07590
- JTA August 21, 1979, Rabbi Joel TeitelBaum Dead at 93
- ["Central Rabbinical Congress (Hisachdus Harabonim)". Retrieved December 23, 2018.]
- "Hisachdus Harabbonim". Retrieved December 19, 2018.
- Middle East Policy Council, Journal, Winter 1990-91, Number 35: JEWISH CRITICISM OF ZIONISM, Edward C. Corrigan Archived 2010-07-06 at the Wayback Machine