Sofia Central Station
Front view of the Central Railway Station in Sofia in 2013
|Location||102 Knyaginya Maria Luiza Blvd.
|Line(s)||Kalotina Zapad – Svilengrad Granitsa
Sofia – Varna
Iliyantsi – Varna Feribotna
Sofia – Kulata
Sofia – Gyueshevo
|Platforms||Double-face island platforms;
some bay platforms
|Connections||Ruse, Stara Zagora, Burgas, Vidin, Yambol, Mezdra|
|Station code||SF (СФ)|
|Opened||1 August 1888|
|Rebuilt||6 September 1974|
The Central Railway Station Sofia (Bulgarian: Централна железопътна гара София, Tsentralna zhelezopatna gara Sofiya) is the main passenger railway station of Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, as well as the largest railway station of the country. It is located 1 km north of the city centre after Lavov most, on Marie Louise Boulevard in the immediate proximity of the Central Bus Station Sofia. It was completely renovated in 2015-2016.
The original building of the Sofia Railway Station was opened on 1 August 1888 to serve the Tsaribrod-Sofia-Vakarel line, the first line of the Bulgarian State Railways entirely built by Bulgarian engineers. The building was designed by the architects Antonín Kolář, Václav Prošek and Marinov, and built with the participation of Italian specialists under Bulgarian undertaker Ivan Grozev between 1882 and 1888. It was a one-storey building, 96 m long and 12 m wide, featuring a small clock tower looking towards Vitosha on the façade and a second storey in the western and eastern part. The first station master was Yosif Karapirov. The Sofia Railway Station was renovated and expanded several times. When the Poduyane Railway Station was constructed in 1948, the Sofia Railway Station was renamed the Central Railway Station.
The old building was completely demolished on 15 April 1974, as the construction of a new Brutalist Central Railway Station had begun in 1971. The station was opened on 6 September 1974, having been designed by the Transproekt company under lead architect Milko Bechev. It has two underground and three overground storeys and 365 premises and was built of mainly white marble.
Between January and July 2004 the Central Railway Station in Sofia had served 2,323,844 passengers, or 11.8% of all in the country's railway network for that period. An average 10,910 people pass through the station daily, as well as an average 166 trains (84 arriving and 82 departing). The station has 30 ticket offices and 5 electronic timetable displays.
The following cities are the destinations possible from Sofia Railway Station:
- Saint Petersburg
Regional and international bus services are provided at Central Bus Station Sofia, which lies next to Central Station.
- Tramway service: 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 12
- City Bus service: 60, 74, 77, 78, 82, 85, 101, 213, 214, 285, 305, 404, 413
The Central Railway Station and the square in front of it were essentially renovated and reconstructed in the 2000s under Milan Dobrev and Olympic Stadium Munich-style tensile elements of 4,500 m² were added. The interior was also considerably modernized. The entire project cost US$3.5 million.
- "Sofia Station was built in 1888" (in Bulgarian). National Railway Infrastructure Company. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2006-08-24.
- "Sofia Inks Contracts for Overdue Railroad Station Overhaul". novinite.com.
Media related to Sofia Central Railway Station at Wikimedia Commons