Central Railway zone

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Central Railway
मध्य रेलवे
Shortened form of Central Railway zone.jpg
Indianrailwayzones-numbered.png
8-Central Railway
Mumbai 03-2016 66 Victoria Terminus.jpg
Reporting markCR
Dates of operation1951; 68 years ago (1951)–Present
PredecessorGreat Indian Peninsula Railway, Scindia State Railway, Dholpur Railway & others
Track gaugeStandard Indian Broad Gauge
ElectrificationYes
HeadquartersChhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Mumbai

Central Railway (abbreviated CR and मध्य) is one of the 18 zones of Indian Railways.[1] Its headquarters is in Mumbai at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus. It has the distinction of operating first passenger railway line in India, which opened from Mumbai to Thane on 16 April 1853.

History[edit]

The railway zone was formed on 5 November 1951 by grouping several government-owned railways, including the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, the Scindia State Railway of the former princely state of Gwalior, Nizam State Railway, Wardha Coal State Railway and the Dholpur Railways.[2][3]

The Central Railway zone formerly included large parts of Madhya Pradesh and part of southern Uttar Pradesh, which made it the largest railway zone in India in terms of area, track mileage and staff. These areas became the new West Central Railway zone in April 2003.

The Central Railway General Manager's official residence (erstwhile GIPR agent's residence), 'Glenogle'-a Grade II-B heritage bungalow, is located on Bhausaheb Hire Marg (Mount Pleasant Road), adjacent to the Maharashtra Chief minister's official residence 'Varsha' in Malabar Hill, Mumbai.

Routes[edit]

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Mumbai One of the busiest Railway Stations in India. It is also a World Heritage Site

Main/Long Routes of Central Railway[edit]

    • Mumbai CSMT-Kalyan-Kasara-nashik road-Manmad-Jalgaon-Bhusawal-Akola-Badnera(Amravati)-Wardha-Nagpur
    • Mumbai CSMT-Kalyan-Neral-Karjat-Lonavala-Pune
    • Manmad-Aurangabad-Nanded (south central railway line)
    • Pune-Daund-Solapur-Wadi-Tandur
    • Pune-Satara-Sangli-Miraj-Kolhapur
    • Miraj-Pandharpur-Kurduvadi-Barshi-Osmanabad-Latur-Latur Road
    • Balharshah-Majri jn-Sevagram(formerly Wardha East Jn.)-Nagpur-Amla-Itarsi

Branch/Short routes of Central Railway[edit]

    • Mumbai CSMT-Vadala-King Circle-Bandra-Andheri-Goregaon
    • Mumbai CSMT-Vadala-Kurla-Vashi-Panvel
    • Thane-Vashi
    • Daund-Manmad
    • Bhusawal-Khandwa
    • Amaravati-Narkher
    • Diva-Panvel-Roha
    • Panvel-Karjat
    • Khopoli-Karjat
    • Diva-Bhiwandi Road-Vasai Road
    • Badnera-Amravati
    • Daund-Baramati
    • Puntamba-Shirdi
    • Chalisgaon-Dhule
    • Pachora-Jamner (NG)
    • Pulgaon-Arvi (NG)
    • Murtijapur-Yavatml (NG)
    • Murtijapur-Achalapur (NG)
    • Jalamb-Khamgaon
    • Majri jn-Pimpalkutti

Utilization[edit]

High[edit]

  • Mumbai-Thane-Kalyan-Karjat/Kasara sub-urban section
  • Mumbai-Bhusawal-Akola-Nagpur
  • Mumbai-Bhusawal-Khandwa
  • Itarsi-Nagpur-Sevagram-Majri-Balharshah
  • Mumbai-Pune-Daund-Solapur-kalaburgi-

Wadi

  • Daund-Manmad

Low[edit]

  • Puntamba-Sai nagar Shirdi
  • Pune-Miraj
  • Miraj-Latur

Connections[edit]

Central railway zone connects to other Zones of Indian railways as at:

Western Railway zone[edit]

Mahim, Bandra, Andheri, Goregaon Dadar

Mumbai railway division[edit]

Konkan Railway[edit]

South Central Railway zone[edit]

Secunderabad railway division[edit]
  • Balharshah
  • Latur road jn
Guntakal Railway Division[edit]
  • Wadi Jn
Nanded railway division[edit]
  • Pimpalkutti
  • Akola Jn
  • Khandwa Jn
  • Ankai Jn (MMR-AWB-PBN-NED route)

South East Central Railway zone[edit]

Nagpur SEC railway division[edit]
  • Nagpur Jn
  • Chhindwara Jn

South Western Railway zone[edit]

Hubballi railway division[edit]
  • Hotgi Jn

Western Central Railway zone[edit]

Bhopal division[edit]
  • Itarsi Jn
  • Khandwa Jn

Matheran Hill Railway[edit]

Constructed in 1907, the narrow gauge Matheran Hill Railway connects Neral on the Mumbai-Chennai main line with the hill station of Matheran in the Western Ghats, east of Mumbai. Neral is linked to Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus by frequent suburban trains. Steam engines have now been replaced by diesel locomotives. The route is noted for its sharp curves.

Organisation[edit]

The central railway covers a large part of the state of Maharashtra and small part of Southern Madhya Pradesh and North-Eastern Karnataka. It is organized into five divisions: Mumbai, Bhusawal, Nagpur, Solapur and Pune. The details of the network divisionwise are as follows[4]

Central Railway Headquarters.
Central Railway Headquarters at CSMT.

Mumbai Division[edit]

  • Mumbai CSMT-Dadar-Kurla-Thane
    • Mumbai CSMT-Wadala Road-Kurla (Harbour Line)
      • Wadala-Kings Circle-Mahim Jn(excl.)
    • Kurla-Trombay(Goods)
    • Kurla-Mankhurd-Vashi-Nerul-Belapur-Panvel
    • Thane-Panvel (Trans Harbour line)
      • Thane-Airoli-Sanpada (Trans Harbour Line)
      • Thane-Airoli-Nerul (Trans Harbour Line)
  • Thane-Diva Jn-Kalyan
    • Diva Jn-Panvel-Roha
      • Panvel-Jasai-Uran
        • Jasai-JNPT
    • Diva Jn-Bhiwandi Road-Vasai Road
  • Kalyan Jn-Kasara-Igatpuri (Inclusive)
  • Kalyan Jn-Ulhasnagar-Neral Jn-Karjat Jn-Lonavala (Inclusive)
    • Neral Jn-Matheran (Narrow Gauge)
    • Karjat Jn-Panvel
    • Karjat Jn-Khopoli

Pune Division[edit]

Nagpur Division[edit]

Solapur Division[edit]

Bhusawal Division[edit]

  • Manmad-Indore(project scrapped)
  • Bhusawal-Badnera-Nagpur(exclude)
  • Bhusawal-Khandwa-Itarsi(exclude)
  • Jalgaon-Nandurbar-Udhna(exclude)
  • Chalisgaon-Dhule
  • Khamgaon - Jalamb
  • Pachora-Jamner
  • Manmad-Aurangabad(exclude)
  • Manmad-Daund(exclude)
  • Mandmad-Nasik-Igatpuri(exclude)
  • Akola-Nanded(exclude)

The number of stations category-wise under these five railway divisions under the Cental Railway Zones are as follows (as of 2008) : A-1 : 7, A : 20, B : 10, C : 80, D : 45, E : 221, F : 93, Total : 476[8]

Ongoing Projects[edit]

New lines[edit]

  • Narayandoho-Parli Vaijnath line. (Work under progress) Ahmednagar-Narayandoho completed.
  • Kolhapur-Vaibhavwadi line. (Survey under progress)
  • Khamgaon-Jalna (Survey complted, but work yet to start )
  • Latur-Latur Road-Ahmedpur-Nanded (Survey completed, but work yet to start)
  • Latur Road-Jalkot-Mukhed-Biloli-Bodhan (Announced but not yet taken up)
  • Latur-Ausa-Nilanga-Omerga-Aland-Gulbarga (Survey under progress)

Doubling[edit]

  • Bhigvan-Vakav (Earth work started)
  • Tilati-Gulbarga (Earth work started)
  • Roha-Panvel
  • Daund-Manmad (doubling in progress plus electrification,)
  • Bhigvan-Solapur-Gulbarga
  • Pune-Miraj-Kolhapur (doubling in progress plus electrification)

Quadrupling[edit]

Nagpur Wardha

Jalgaon Bhsawal

Hexupling[edit]

  • Mumbai CSMT-Kalyan

Electrification[edit]

  • Manmad-Daund (Electrification) (Work completed)
  • Bhigvan-Solapur-Gulbarga (Electrification) (Work is ongoing)
  • Kurduwadi-Barshi-Latur-Latur Road (Electrification) (Announced but not yet taken up)
  • Pune-Miraj-kolhapur (Electrification) (Work in progress)

Trains[edit]

Some of the major trains operated by Central Railway zone are as follows:

Number Train Name Starting Station Terminating Station
22221/22222 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus - Hazrat Nizamuddin Rajdhani Express Mumbai CSMT Hazrat Nizamuddin.
12123/12124 Deccan Queen Mumbai CSMT Pune Jn.
12137/12138 Punjab Mail Mumbai CSMT Ferozpur Cantt.
11035/11036 Sharavati Express Dadar Mysuru Jn.
11085/11086 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus - Madgaon AC Double Decker Express Mumbai LTT Madgaon Jn.
12293/12294 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus - Allahabad AC Duronto Express Mumbai LTT Allahabad Jn.
11055/11056 Lokmanya Tilak Termina - Gorakhpur Godan Express Mumbai LTT Gorakhpur Cant.
11301/11302 Udyan Express Mumbai CSMT Bengaluru City
12025/12026 Pune - Secunderabad Shatabdi Express Pune Secunderabad Jn.
12051/12052 Dadar Madgaon Jan Shatabdi Express Dadar Madgaon Jn.
12113/12114 Pune - Nagpur Garib Rath Express Pune Nagpur Jn.
12115/12116 Siddheshwar Express Mumbai CSMT Solapur
22119/22120 Mumbai CSMT - Karmali Tejas Express Mumbai CSMT Karmali
12105/12106 Vidarbha Express Mumbai CSMT Gondia Jn.
11039/11040 Maharashtra Express Kolhapur SCSMT Gondia Jn.
11023/11024 Sahyadri Express Mumbai CSMT Kolhapur SCSMT
11027/11028 Mumbai Chennai Mail Mumbai CSMT Chennai Central

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/view_section.jsp?lang=0&id=0,1,304,366,533,1007,1012
  2. ^ Rao, M.A. (1988). Indian Railways, New Delhi: National Book Trust, p.42
  3. ^ Welcome to Central Railways-Construction > Projects Archived 1 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ cnt-rly Archived 9 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Welcome to Central Railways-Construction > Projects Archived 1 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Work on Nashik-Pune rail route begins
  7. ^ Maharashtra Government to share cost for Pune-Nashik, Karad-Chiplun rail links
  8. ^ "CATEGORISATION OF STATIONS" (PDF). Retrieved 15 January 2016.

External links[edit]