Central Sierra Miwok

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Central Sierra Miwok
Native toUnited States
EthnicitySierra Miwok
Native speakers
(12 cited 1994)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3csm
ELPSierra Miwok (shared)
Lang Status 20-CR.svg
Central Sierra Miwok is classified as Critically Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger

Central Sierra Miwok is a Miwok language spoken in California, in the upper Stanislaus and Tuolumne valleys. Today it is spoken by the Chicken Ranch Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California, a federally recognized tribe of Central Sierra Miwoks.


With the orthography of the 1960 dictionary, the sounds of Central Sierra Miwok are,[2]

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post-
Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ ⟨ŋ⟩
Plosive p ⟨t⟩ t ⟨ṭ⟩ k ʔ ⟨ʔ⟩
Affricate ⟨č⟩
Fricative s ʃ ⟨š⟩ h
Approximant w l j ⟨j⟩
Front Central Back
Close i ɨ ⟨y⟩ u
Mid e o
Open a

In later transcription, /j/ was written ⟨y⟩ and /ɨ/ ⟨ï⟩. Long vowels are written ⟨aꞏ⟩ etc.


  1. ^ Central Sierra Miwok at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Freeland, Broadbent. "Central Sierra Miwok Dictionary with Texts (1960)". Retrieved 2017-03-25.

External links[edit]

Central Sierra Miwok test