Central Square, Cambridge
Central Square Historic District
|Architect||Hartwell and Richardson; et al.|
|Architectural style||Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Late Victorian, Federal|
|NRHP reference #||90000128|
|Added to NRHP||March 2, 1990|
Central Square is an area in Cambridge, Massachusetts centered on the junction of Massachusetts Avenue, Prospect Street and Western Avenue. Lafayette Square, formed by the junction of Massachusetts Avenue, Columbia Street, Sidney Street and Main Street, is also considered a part of the Central Square area. Harvard Square is to the northwest along Massachusetts Avenue, Inman Square is to the north along Prospect Street and Kendall Square is to the east along Main Street. The section of Central Square along Massachusetts Avenue between Clinton Street and Main Street is designated the Central Square Historic District, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.
Central Square was designated an official Cultural District in the state of Massachusetts by the Mass Cultural Council in October 2012. Central Square is known for its wide variety of ethnic restaurants, churches, bars, and live music and theatre venues. It is gentrifying rapidly, and a number of upscale restaurants have opened in the Square. Many startups, including pharmaceutical, videogame and Internet companies, have moved research and office operations into the Square to take advantage of the proximity to MIT, Boston medical resources and relatively low costs. Some critics have claimed that the recent changes have diminished the Square's edge, as some of the older Square businesses such as Manray have closed. There is also a diverse array of houses of worship in the area, with Christ the King Presbyterian Church, First Baptist Church, Sts. Constantine & Helen Greek Orthodox Church, St. Paul's African Methodist Episcopal Church and other large historic congregations meeting near the Square.
Central Square's history has been marked by several waves of immigration. The original population of the Square included people of English and Canadian ancestry. Between 1850 and 1890, the Square attracted many Irish immigrants, and in the late Nineteenth Century also became home to many others from throughout Europe. Later waves of immigration included people from the West Indies, South America and Africa.
Geography and transportation
Several Cambridge neighborhoods meet at Central Square. To the east, Area 4 lies on the north side of Massachusetts Avenue (aka "Mass Ave.") and Cambridgeport on the south side between Massachusetts Avenue and the Charles River. Both of these neighborhoods were once known as The Port or Old Port region of Cambridge. The area to the west and northwest of Central Square is known as Mid-Cambridge.
Central Square serves as the commercial center for the surrounding neighborhoods of Cambridgeport, Riverside, Mid Cambridge, Area 4 and MIT.
Local government services
Central Square is the seat of government in Cambridge. Cambridge City Hall, and the main branch of the Cambridge Post Office are located in this area. The Cambridge Police Department headquarters was formerly at 5 Western Avenue in the Central Square area; however, between November 2008 and March 2009 it completed a relocation to a new facility at 125 Sixth Street, near Kendall Square.
Notable Central Square residents
- Ben Affleck, actor
- Casey Affleck, actor
- Matt Damon, actor
- Ken Brown, filmmaker
- Lisa Crafts, animator
- Patrick Ewing, athlete
- Vernon Grant, cartoonist
- John Forbes Nash, mathematician
- Margaret Hamilton, scientist and engineer
Notable Central Square businesses
- Central Square Theater
- The Middle East (nightclub)
- T.T. the Bear's (1973-2015)
Fiction about Central Square
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Rekha Murthy, "Central Square, Cambridge: Rising Fortunes at a Regional Crossroads," MIT, http://www.rmurthy.com/CentralSquare1_rmurthy.pdf
- Vicky Waltz, April 3, 2008, "Get to Know your Neighborhood: Central Square," BU Today, http://www.bu.edu/today/arts-entertainment/2008/04/02/get-know-your-neighborhood-central-square
- Kirsten Studlien, June 10, 1999, "The Square Deal," The Harvard Crimson, http://www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?ref=97092
- Boston Uncovered, Boston.com, http://www.boston.com/ae/uncovered/eats/central_square/
- Samuel Atkins Eliot, A history of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1913 (Cambridge Tribune, 1913) pg. 123 https://books.google.com/books?id=siPZKHPQ1rcC&source=gbs_navlinks_s
- Sarah Boyer, January 2003, Crossroads: Stories of Central Square, ISBN 0-9620072-2-6
- City of Cambridge: Police Department new Headquarters updates Archived October 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine