Central Station (MTR)
|MTR rapid transit station|
Platforms 1 and 2 on the Tsuen Wan Line
|Location||Des Voeux Road Central/Chater Road, Central
Central and Western District, Hong Kong
|Owned by||MTR Corporation|
|Operated by||MTR Corporation|
|Platforms||4 (island platform (Tsuen Wan Line), 2 split level side platforms (Island Line))|
|Connections||Hong Kong Station, bus, public light bus, tram, ferry, Peak Tram|
Central Station is an MTR station located in the Central area of Hong Kong Island. The station's livery is firebrick red, except for the Tsuen Wan Line platforms, where the livery is dark brown. The station is the southern terminus for the Tsuen Wan Line and also connects with the Island Line, and also the Tung Chung Line and the Airport Express via Hong Kong Station.
The station was once known as Chater Station. Chater Station was initially conceived to cater for average daily traffic of 330,000 passengers, and was to have been 380 metres (1,250 ft) long – one of the longest stations in the world. More than 200,000 passengers use this station daily. The longest distance between two subway exits is approximately 700 m.
Central Station was in the Hong Kong Mass Transport Study, a system proposed in Sept 1967. Together with Western Market Station, it was to serve as the interchange station of the Kwun Tong Line and Island Line. In the recommended system, Tsuen Wan Line would end at Admiralty rather than Central. Its designated position was originally under Des Voeux Road Central between Jubilee Street and Pedder Street (between Queen Victoria Street and Theatre Lane).
Subsequently, it was also included in the Hong Kong Mass Transit Further Studies, in 1970. However, the 1967 Central Station was replaced with two separate but connected stations, namely Chater Station (遮打站, under Chater Road) and Pedder Station (必打站, under Pedder Street), which would serve the Kong Kow Line (now Tsuen Wan Line) and Island Line respectively.
Modified Initial System and opening
The station first opened as Chater Station on 12 February 1980 as the terminus of the Modified Initial System (MIS, now Kwun Tong Line). Afterwards, people could travel on a direct train between Central and Kwun Tong. Only part of the station came into operation as the Island Line had not been opened yet.
The Island Line was built in two phases, with Central being opened at a later date than most of the other stations. Construction was carried out in early 1983, connecting the new Island Line platforms with the original structure. The line was extended to Sheung Wan on 23 May 1986, and the Island Line platforms came into service.
At first, although the station was named "Chater", the Chinese name was "中環" (Central). This would be misleading as many thought that the Chinese name would be "遮打" (Chinese translation of "Chater"). The English name was renamed "Central" (the English equivalent of "中環") along with several other stations on the Tsuen Wan Line, when the section of the Island Line between Admiralty and Chai Wan opened on 31 May 1985.
Passageway to Hong Kong Station
One of the components of the Airport Core Programme between 1991 and 1998 was a railway connecting the new Hong Kong International Airport to the city centre. To link Central with the nearby Hong Kong Station, southern terminus of the Tung Chung Line and the Airport Express, a passageway was built under Connaught Road to connect the two stations. The Pedder Street concourse, where the passageway starts, was refurbished with a design similar to that of Hong Kong Station.
|Line||Destination||First train||Last train|
|Tsuen Wan Line||Tsuen Wan||06:06||00:54|
|Island Line||Chai Wan||06:07||00:58|
Central Station has 4 platforms on three levels, excluding those of Hong Kong Station. Hong Kong Station and Central Station are linked by a pedestrian passage.
Platforms 1 and 2 are situated on a shared island platform on the middle level. They are served by the Tsuen Wan Line and were built directly under Chater Road, extending from Des Voeux Road Central to Club Street. These platforms make up the southern terminus of the Tsuen Wan Line.
Platforms 3 and 4 are built beneath Des Voeux Road Central at the intersection of Pedder Street, stretching from World-Wide House to Alexandra House. Platform 3 is situated on the upper level, whilst platform 4 is on the lowermost level, and they sandwich Platforms 1 and 2. They are side platforms built on the northern side of the road, with Platform 3 on top of Platform 4. Escalators are provided between the 3 levels, to facilitate passengers who interchange.
Most of the length of the Island Line platforms are straight and built by cut-and-cover, as well as those of the Tsuen Wan Line. However, the eastern parts (near Admiralty Station) are curved and the gap is large, as they are located in sections of bored tunnel and have the curved walls typical of most other stations on the Island Line.
As part of the Airport Core Programme during the 1990s, an underground passage was built between Central and Hong Kong stations to allow transfers from the Island Line and Tsuen Wan Line to the Airport Express and Tung Chung Line. The passage opened in 1998 with the opening of these two new lines of the MTR.
|P||Chater Road concourse||–|
|L1||Pedder Street concourse||Customer Service, MTRShops
Hang Seng Bank, vending machines
Octopus promotion machine
|Chater Road concourse||Customer Service, MTRShops
|L2||Chater Road concourse||Customer Service, MTRShops
Hang Seng Bank, vending machines
|Pedder Sreet concourse||Customer Service, MTRShops
Subway to Hong Kong Station for Tung Chung Line & Airport Express
Octopus promotion machine, i-centre internet service
|Platform 3||Island Line towards Chai Wan (Admiralty) →|
|L3||Platform 1||Tsuen Wan Line towards Tsuen Wan (Admiralty) →|
|Platform 2||Tsuen Wan Line towards Tsuen Wan (Admiralty) →|
|Platform 4||← Island Line towards Kennedy Town (Sheung Wan)|
Central Station stretches across the entire length of Chater Road to Statue Square in the east, and along Des Voeux Road to Li Yuen Street East in the west. The distance between the easternmost and westernmost exits is approximately 700 m. 13 entrances were built, connecting buildings and shopping malls, as well as the main road and ground transport facilities nearby.
Central Station is one of the transport hubs of Hong Kong. The area around Central Station (and Hong Kong Station) has a wide range of transport options that includes tramways, buses, ferries, minibuses and more. These are all the connections the commuter can refer to when travelling to areas not served by the MTR network from Central.
The area is a major transport hub for Hong Kong (see also Transport in Hong Kong).
- Trains and trams
- Ferries – Commuters can walk across the bus terminus to their respective pier from the exit near the In-Town Check-in Counters in Hong Kong station. Passengers who wish to use the Star Ferry can get out at Exit A and walk across the Central Elevated Walkway to the Star Ferry Pier.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to:|
- "MTR briefing for public". Hong Kong: South China Morning Post. 3 December 1976.
- Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates (1967), Hong Kong Mass Transport Study.
- "Central Station timetable" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Central Station layout" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- www.info.gov.hk/napco/index-e.html Archived 5 April 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Central Station street map" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 30 July 2014.