Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club
|Full name||Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club|
|Founded||28 September 1891|
|Dissolved||22 January 1915[note 1]|
Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club (mostly known for its acronym CURCC) was a Uruguayan sports club, originally established by British railway workers for the practise of cricket. Nevertheless, the club would be notable for its football section, considered one of the greatest contributors to that sport in Uruguay. In fact, CURCC was one of founding members of Uruguayan Football Association (AUF) in 1900.
By the end of 1899 the British company Central Uruguay Railway of Montevideo, that operated in Uruguay since 1878, acquired the lands located in the neighborhood of Villa Peñarol to establish its train repair shops there, moving them from Bella Vista. Those lands had been used for agriculture only and famous because of the best quality of its vineyards and fruits. One of the main achievements of the company was the establishment of a rural school in the town.
Due to the industrial activity, the village became populous. The sons of blonde Albion, who were part of the company, decided to found a sports centre that serve as recreation to people that lived around the workshops.
First years and success
According to the club's foundation charter, CURCC was established on 28 September 1891 by the workers and employees of the Central Uruguay Railway Company of Montevideo, with the purpose of stimulating the practice of cricket, football and "other male sports" (literal from the Spanish). The first committee was formed by eight members: Mr. Hudson, Lucy, Moor, Davenport, Hopkins, Davies and Penny. They chose Mr. Frank Henderson as the first president of the club. The membership fee was established in $ 0,50.
One day later, the committee resolved to name the club "Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club". That same day two members of the committee were chosen to write the rules, while two other members were chosen to search for a field to practice sports. The club also designated three members to take over advertising with the purpose of bringing new members to the institution.
The article I of club's statute stated that the club colors would be black and orange and that only workers of Central Railway would be admitted as members. Nevertheless, the committee could admit people outside the company but they were not allowed to vote in case of being accepted.
Having been established as a cricket club, football began to be practised at CURCC in 1892, relegating other sports, such as cricket and rugby. The first football match played by CURCC was that same year versus a combined team of English High School. The match was won by CURCC 3-2.
At the beginning, all the CURCC presidents were managers of the CUR. In 1907 the company appointed W. Bayne as manager and sent him to Montevideo. When the CURCC executives told Bayne he was the new president of the institution, he did not accept the offer, alleging that the coaches damaged by the supporters led to significant costs. Other reason given by Bayne was the lack of players-workers.
In football, CURCC was one of the founding members of Uruguayan Football Association (AUF) along with Albion, Uruguay A.C. and Deutscher, in 1900. The club played in the recently created Primera División since its first edition in 1900, along with Nacional, other team from Montevideo with whom CURCC had a strong rivalry. While CURCC represented the British immigrants to Uruguay and rail workers as well, the criollo people and university students felt empathy with Nacional.
The club took part of 13 editions of the domestic championship, winning it in five occasions between 1900 and 1911. CURCC also won the Copa de Competencia seven times and the Copa de Honor on three occasions. Internationally, the squad won the Copa de Honor Cousenier twice.
Controversy: C.A. Peñarol
By the 1910s, the Central Uruguay Railway Company (which had been established the club being also its administrator) considered to retire the football section from official practise alleging the club had left behind its original purpose of being a recreational place for employees of the company. There are two different versions about what happened at the end of 1913 related to the foundation of "C.A. Peñarol", those are:
- The group of members took over the football section, under a new denomination
- They separated from the CURCC establishing a new football institution
In 1914, the Uruguayan Association was notified of the "change of name" by Peñarol, recognising it as the continuity of CURCC,[note 3] through a letter signed by AUF president Abelardo Véscoli, on March 17, 1914. As a result, Peñarol filled the CURCC's place in the Uruguayan Primera División to be played in 1914. The club introduced new name, badge, executives, statutes and even a new settlement (Montevideo instead "Villa Peñarol").
On April 13, 1914, the Ministry of Internal Affairs gave to C.A. Peñarol, including the recognition to the institution as a CURCC's continuity. Nevertheless, there are records of football matches played by CURCC until its dissolution.
Controversy began in 1941, when Peñarol celebrated its 50° anniversary. Some articles published on local newspaper El País stated that Peñarol was established as an entity with no relation to CURCC. When Peñarol modified its statutes in 1957 and 1958, the Government of Uruguay gave its approval to the text but did not adopt a position on the origins and age of the club.
The position about Peñarol as a new institution born in 1913 has been supported by Peñarol's rival Club Nacional de Football since 1991, when the Carbonero celebrated its 100th. anniversary. The club stated that CURCC and Peñarol coexisted for a period of at least two years until the CURCC dissolved in 1915. According to Nacional's position, on June 2, 1913, the CURCC assembly rejected a change of statute by which the club would change its name to "CURCC (Peñarol)"
On the other hand, Peñarol states that on December 13, 1913, CURCC approved to transfer the football section to some members under the name "CURCC Peñarol", exempting itself from financial or administrative operations of it. From then on, the CURCC focused on cricket exclusively, until its dissolution in 1915. Peñarol also alleges that FIFA, UEFA and CONMEBOL congratulated the club for its 120th. anniversary in 2011.[note 3]
Since the secession, the CURCC focused on cricket exclusively until the club was dissolved in 1915.
Albion was the first team CURCC played a football match, more precisely on May 25, 1892. Albion defeated CURCC by 3-2. Nevertheless, CURCC achieved a long victory in the second game vs. Albion. Then it would be discovered that two of CURCC's members, Woosey and Sagehorn, were also founders of Albion. As a result, Albion expelled them.
By 1896 Albion was the strongest team in Uruguay, being defeated only once after 19 matches played. Between 1897 and 1898 CURCC played against Albion 6 times, winning 2, and losing 3.
In October 1829, the Rainhill Trials a competition honoring Queen Victoria was held in London. Several locomotives were exhibited in order to define which would run the Liverpool and Manchester Railway route. Although 10 locomotives were entered, only five would be tested for the competition. They were: Rocket, designed by George & Robert Stephenson, made in gold and black colors; Sans Pareil by Timothy Hackworth, Novelty built by Swedish John Ericsson, painted in blue and gold as the flag of Sweden; Perseverance, and Cycloped, built by Thomas Shaw Brandreth.
The Rocket was the only locomotive that completed the competition, therefore it was proclaimed winner. The Rocket had been painted in black (the color of coal that fueled the machine) and yellow (for King George IV). When Central Uruguay Railway began to operate in Uruguay, the club adopted the colors that identified the company.
- Primera División (5): 1900, 1901, 1905, 1907, 1911
- Copa de Competencia (7): 1901, 1902, 1904, 1905, 1907, 1909, 1910
- Copa de Honor (3): 1907, 1909, 1911
- The date of dissolution refers to CURCC as a "cricket" institution, due to some versions state the football section had separated from the club in 1913 while others say football became active in CURCC until its dissolution.
- Controversy exists on the date of the founding of C.A. Peñarol. The club's official position assumes a change of name of CURCC (founded on December 28, 1891). On the other hand, some historians state that "C.A. Peñarol" was established on December 13, 1913.
- Peñarol was recognised as the CURCC's continuity by FIFA and CONMEBOL, when those entities mentioned 1891 as the date of foundation of the club.
- Discusiones por el decanato on Fútbol.uy, 29 Sep 2009
- Historia de la Asociación on AUF website
- "C.U.R.C.C. versus Club A. Patria", chronicle on La Razón, 23 Jul 1914 (page 6)
- "Por la Verdad", by Alberto Mantrana Garín (also former president of C.A. Peñarol (1939), translated from Spanish
- Peñarol: La transición de 1913 y la cuestión del decanato by Luciano Alvarez – Ediciones de la pluma (2001)
- Una discusión que florece en cada primavera on Futbol.uy
- ¡Felicita a Peñarol! (120th anniversary) on FIFA.com, 27 Sep 2011
- Guía de clubes sudamericanos, p. 19 on CONMEBOL website
- "Historia del barrio Peñarol" on Revista Raíces, article by Emilio Tacconi (2009)
- "Albion Football Club: profetas del sport en Uruguay" on EF Deportes, 30 Jul 2014
- "La forja de la rivalidad clásica: Nacional-Peñarol en el Montevideo del 900" by Juan Carlos Luzuriaga
- "Historia de la marca Mitre" by Mario Lopes, 28 Jun 2014
- "La fundación de Peñarol" on PadreyDecano website
- "La noche inolvidable de Peñarol", El Observador
- Uniforme 1911-13
- Uniforme 1914-15
- Copa de Honor Cusenier at RSSSF
- Media related to CURCC at Wikimedia Commons