Location in the Philippines
|Regional center||Cebu City|
|• Total||10,500.44 km2 (4,054.24 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-07|
Central Visayas (Cebuano: Tunga-tungang Kabisay-an; Filipino: Gitnang Kabisayaan) is a region of the Philippines, designated as Region VII. It is located in the central part of the Visayas island group, and consists of three island provinces: Cebu, Bohol and Siquijor; and three highly urbanized cities: Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue. Cebu City is the regional center. The region is dominated by the native speakers of Cebuano. The land area of the region is 10,500.44 km2 (4,054.24 sq mi), and with a population of 6,041,903 inhabitants, it is the most populous region in the Visayas.
Regions first came into existence on September 24 of 1972, when the provinces of the Philippines were organized into 11 regions by Presidential Decree No. 1 as part of the Integrated Reorganization Plan by President Ferdinand Marcos. The provinces of Cebu, Bohol and Negros Oriental (including its then-subprovince of Siquijor) were grouped together to form the Central Visayas region.
By virtue of Executive Order No. 183 issued on May 29 of 2015, by President Benigno Aquino III, the province of Negros Oriental was removed from Central Visayas to form the Negros Island Region along with Negros Occidental and its provincial capital, Bacolod City.
|Population census of Central Visayas|
|Data excludes Negros Oriental that was part of Central Visayas until 2015.
Source: National Statistics Office
According to the 2015 census, it had a population of 6,041,903. The population density was 580/km2 (1,500/sq mi). The 2015 census showed an average annual population growth rate of 1.76% from 2010 to 2015, slightly higher than the national average of 1.72%.
Cebuano is the dominant language of the region. A local variant of this language called Boholano is spoken in Bohol. Cebuano is still also spoken in the Camotes Islands, especially in the towns of Tudela, Pilar and San Francisco, with the exception of Poro, where a mixture of Cebuano, Hiligaynon (Ilonggo) and Masbateño is spoken, a Visayan language called Porohanon. Bantayanon, another Visayan language closely related to Hiligaynon, Capiznon and Masbateño, is spoken in the Bantayan Islands northwest of Cebu.
The Central Visayas region consists of 3 provinces and 3 independent cities:
|Province or HUC||Capital||Population (2015)||Area||Density||Cities||Muni.||Brgy.|
|km2||sq mi||/km2||/sq mi|
highly urbanized cities, figures are excluded from Cebu province.Cebu City, Mandaue and Lapu-Lapu are
|City||Population (2015)||Area||Density||City class||Income class||Province|
|km2||sq mi||/km2||/sq mi|
|Cebu City||922,611||315.00||121.62||2,900||7,500||Highly urbanized||1st||Cebu|
Cebu City is the main media hub for both the region. Large media networks – ABS-CBN, GMA Network, TV5, People's Television Network and CNN Philippines – maintain their respective local stations and branches for viewership, commercial and news coverage purposes. Most of these stations broadcast local news and public affairs as well as entertainment and dramas to cater the local viewers.
Aside from the 24 national daily newspapers available, Cebu City also has 20 local newspapers. Among the widely read are the Sun Star Cebu. The country's main Islamic news journal, The Voice of Islam, was founded in 1961 and published in this city.
The Port of Cebu is the region's main gateway. There are also ports in Tagbilaran in Bohol and Larena in Siquijor. Inter-island shipping is served by numerous shipping lines, two of them fastcraft companies which serve all the provinces in the region.
The Mactan-Cebu International Airport, located in Lapu-Lapu City, is the country's second busiest airport (after Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Metro Manila) and the only airport in the Visayas serving international flights (aside from Kalibo International Airport). It is the primary airline hub of Cebu Pacific, and secondary hub for Philippine Airlines and its subsidiaries, with flights to locations throughout the country. It also serves international flights to other Asian and intercontinental destinations.
Other airports in the region are Tagbilaran Airport, serves Tagbilaran and Bohol with flights to Manila.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Executive Order No. 183, s. 2015". Official Gazette (Philippines). May 29, 2015. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities (PDF). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016.
- "PSGC Interactive; List of Provinces". Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "Mactan Cebu International Airport - Cebu Pacific - Philippines". Mactan-cebuairport.com.ph. Retrieved 2013-04-22.