Central and southern Appalachian montane oak forest
The Central and southern Appalachian montane oak forest is a forest system found in the Appalachian Mountains of West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
These forests occur on exposed sites such as ridgecrests and south- to west-facing slopes, typically from about 3,000 to 4,500 feet (910 to 1,370 m) elevation, but sometimes extending to 5,500 feet (1,700 m). Soils are thin, weathered, nutrient-poor, low in organic matter, and acidic. Trees are often stunted and wind-flagged.
Common shrubs include: Winterberry (Ilex montana), flame azalea (Rhododendron calendulaceum), catawba rhododendron (Rhododendron catawbiense), and great rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum).
- "Central and Southern Appalachian Montane Oak Forest". NatureServe Explorer. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- "Natural Communities of Virginia - Terrestrial System - Low-Elevation Dry and Dry - Mesic Forests and Woodlands: Montane Mixed Oak and Oak - Hickory Forests". Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
- George Washington National Forest 1993 Revised Forest Plan. United States Forest Service. 1993.
- Jefferson National Forest 2004 Revised Forest Plan. United States Forest Service. 2004.