Jump to content

Core city

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Central city)
The skyline of Manhattan as seen from Hudson County, New Jersey in March 2014. New York City is the core city of New York metropolitan area.

In urban planning, a historic core city or central city is the municipality with the largest 1940 population in the present metropolitan area (metropolitan statistical area).[1][2] This term was retired by the US census bureau and replaced by the term principal city, which can include historic core cities and post-WWII cities. Metropolitan areas were no longer considered monocentric, but polycentric due to suburbanization of employment.[3][4] A historic core city is not to be confused with the core of a metropolitan area which is defined as an urban area with a population of over 50,000 by the US census bureau.[5]

Historic core cites in the United States often have higher detached single family housing rates, lower density, and fewer jobs than surrounding satellite cities and suburbs.[6][7][8] A central city is usually the first settlement established in an urban region, years before the outlying districts came into existence. These cities typically contain less economic activity and more crime than their surrounding areas.[9][10][11][12][13] Central cities often form the regional downtowns of metro areas. The term is used mainly in US context, although since the 1970s it has also become relatively common in Canada and, to a lesser extent, Europe and Australia.[14][15][16][17]


Metropolitan areas with one core city[edit]

The followings are the core city of the five largest metropolitan areas in the world.

Metropolitan area Core city Country Metropolitan
Name Location
Greater Tokyo Area
(Kantō region)
Tokyo 35°41′23″N 139°41′32″E / 35.68972°N 139.69222°E / 35.68972; 139.69222 (Tokyo)  Japan 37,274,000[18]
Jakarta metropolitan area
Jakarta 6°10′30″S 106°49′43″E / 6.17500°S 106.82861°E / -6.17500; 106.82861 (Jakarta)  Indonesia 33,430,285[19]
Central National Capital Region
(Delhi Metropolitan Area)
Delhi 28°36′36″N 77°13′48″E / 28.61000°N 77.23000°E / 28.61000; 77.23000 (Delhi)  India 29,000,000[20]
Seoul Capital Area
(Sudogwon region)
Seoul 37°34′N 126°58′E / 37.567°N 126.967°E / 37.567; 126.967 (Seoul)  South Korea 25,514,000[21]
Mumbai Metropolitan Region

(मुंबई महानगर प्रदेश)

Mumbai, Maharashtra 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583 (Mumbai)  India 24,400,000[22]

Metropolitan areas with more than one core city[edit]

Metropolitan area Core cities Country Metropolitan
Name Location
Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex Dallas 32°46′45″N 96°48′32″W / 32.77917°N 96.80889°W / 32.77917; -96.80889 (Dallas)  United States 7,470,158[23]
Fort Worth 32°45′N 97°20′W / 32.750°N 97.333°W / 32.750; -97.333 (Fort Worth)
Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region Essen 51°27′3″N 7°0′47″E / 51.45083°N 7.01306°E / 51.45083; 7.01306 (Essen)  Germany 1,555,985[24]
Düsseldorf 51°14′N 6°47′E / 51.233°N 6.783°E / 51.233; 6.783 (Düsseldorf)
Islamabad–Rawalpindi metropolitan area Islamabad 33°41′35″N 73°03′50″E / 33.69306°N 73.06389°E / 33.69306; 73.06389 (Islamabad)  Pakistan 4,500,000[25]
Rawalpindi 33°36′N 73°02′E / 33.600°N 73.033°E / 33.600; 73.033 (Rawalpindi)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Suburbanized Core Cities | Newgeography.com". www.newgeography.com. Retrieved 2024-02-13.
  2. ^ "Principal Cities 2012 Demographic Economic Patterns General Demographics".
  3. ^ "Urban Cores, Core Cities and Principal Cities | Newgeography.com". www.newgeography.com. Retrieved 2024-02-13.
  4. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/pdfs/reference/GARM/Ch13GARM.pdf
  5. ^ "Federal Register/Vol. 75, No. 123/Monday, June 28, 2010/Notices" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2023.
  6. ^ "American community survey housing data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 4, 2023.
  7. ^ "Suburbs continue to Dominate Jobs and Job Growth". new geography. Retrieved October 4, 2023.
  8. ^ "population per square mile Phoenix Metro area". statistical atlas. Retrieved October 4, 2023.
  9. ^ "St Louis City Gross Domestic Product". Fred economic data. Retrieved October 7, 2023.
  10. ^ "St Louis MO-IL metro area Gross Domestic Product". Fred economic data. Retrieved October 7, 2023.
  11. ^ "San Francisco City GDP". Fred economic data. Retrieved October 7, 2023.
  12. ^ "San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward MSA Gross Domestic Product". Fred Economic Data. Retrieved October 7, 2023.
  13. ^ "Why is crime higher in cities?". Tomorrow City. 7 October 2021. Retrieved October 7, 2023.
  14. ^ Caves, R. W. (2004). Encyclopedia of the City. Routledge. p. 72.
  15. ^ "Central city definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary".
  16. ^ "Definition of CENTRAL CITY". www.merriam-webster.com.
  17. ^ "Principal Cities 2012 Demographic Economic Patterns General Demographics". proximityone.com.
  18. ^ "Table 2.10 Population of Three Major Metropolitan Areas" (PDF). Statistics Bureau of Japan. p. 21. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  19. ^ "Jabodetabekpunjur". perkotaan.bpiw.pu.go.id. Ministry of Public Works and People's Housing. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
  20. ^ Sharma, Shantanu Nandan (February 17, 2019). "Delhi could be the world's most populous city by 2028. But is it really prepared?". The Economic Times.
  21. ^ ???? : ???? ???? (in Korean). Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs. Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  22. ^ https://portal.mcgm.gov.in/irj/go/km/docs/documents/MCGM%20Department%20List/Roads%20and%20Traffic/Docs/CMP%20for%20Greater%20Mumbai/Executive%20Summary/Executive%20Summary.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  23. ^ "Dallas - Fort Worth - Arlington (Metropolitan Statistical Area, Metropolitan Areas, USA) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". www.citypopulation.de.
  24. ^ "Metropolitan Area Populations". Eurostat. 18 June 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  25. ^ "Box-1: Rawalpindi–Islamabad Metrobus Project" (PDF). Ministry of Finance and Revenue. 30 June 2014. p. 197. Retrieved 11 March 2020.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]