Central line (Mumbai Suburban Railway)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Indian Railways Suburban Railway Logo.svg Central line
Overview
System Mumbai Suburban Railway
Locale Mumbai, Maharashtra
Raigad, Maharashtra
Thane, Maharashtra
Termini Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (south)
Kasara, Khopoli, Lonavala, Roha
Stations 62
Daily ridership 2.9 million[1]
Operation
Opened 16 April 1853
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Central Railway (CR)
Character At Grade
Depot(s) Kurla, Kalva, Matunga, Sanpada[2]
Technical
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge
Electrification 25,000 V AC
1500 V DC (until 8 June 2015)

The Central line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway is a public transit system serving Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It consists of 24 stations from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (C.S.M.T.) to Kalyan Junction. The entire line is at grade. It has section of quadruple track starting from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus and ends at Kasara, Roha, Lonavala and Khopoli junctions in Maharashtra

The Central line in Mumbai consists of three major corridors, which bifurcate as they run into suburban satellite towns. Two corridors (one local and other through) on Central Railway run from CST to Kalyan Junction (55 km),[3] from where it bifurcates into two lines – one running up to Kasara (67 km) in the north-east and the other running up to Khopoli (61 km) in the south-east. These two corridors constitute the 'Main' Line. The Central main line shares one station with the Western line at Dadar. They consist of a fleet of DC as well as dual-powered EMUs.

The major car sheds on this line are at Kurla and Kalva. There are fast and slow locals here for suburban service. Slow locals halt at every station, while fast locals halts vary between Byculla, Dadar, Kurla, Ghatkopar, Vikhroli, Bhandup, Mulund, Thane, Dombivli and Kalyan Junction. All services plying beyond this junction run slow. Trains usually start from and terminate at important stations.

Routes[edit]

The Central line consists of the following routes:

Stations[edit]

Names in bold indicate that the station is a fast train stop as well as important terminal.

Main line[edit]

Inside Mumbai CST station
Central line (Main)
# Distance from CST (km) Station Name Station Code Connections
1 0 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus CSMT / ST Harbour line
2 1 Masjid Harbour line
3 2 Sandhurst Road Harbour line
4 4 Byculla none
5 5 Chinchpokli none
6 6.5 Currey Road none
7 8 Parel Prabhadevi
(Western line)
8 9 Dadar D Western line
9 11 Matunga none
10 13 Sion none
11 15 Kurla C Harbour line
12 18 Vidyavihar none
13 21 Ghatkopar G Andheri / Versova (Mumbai Metro One)
14 23 Vikhroli none
15 25 Kanjurmarg none
16 26 Bhandup none
17 28 Nahur none
18 32 Mulund none
19 34 Thane T Trans-Harbour line and
to Panvel (Harbour line via Trans-Harbour line)
20 36 Kalwa none
21 40 Mumbra none
22 43 Diva to Vasai Road/Panvel
(Vasai Road – Diva – Panvel – Roha Route)
23 47 Kopar none
24 48 Dombivali DI none
25 50 Thakurli none
26 54 Kalyan K to Kasara/Khopoli
(Central line)

A footbridge links Parel to Prabhadevi on the Western line.

Proposed stations[edit]

# Proposed Preceding Following
18.5 Kopri Mulund Thane
20.5 Parsik Nagar Kalwa Mumbra

Main Line Branches[edit]

The main line of the Mumbai Suburban Railways runs from CST to Kalyan. It then splits into two corridors one going to Khopoli and the other to Kasara.

South-east Section[edit]

South-east Section
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Kalyan K Central line (Main)
2 Vithalwadi none
3 Ulhasnagar none
4 Ambernath A none
5 Badlapur BL none
6 Vangani none
7 Shelu none
8 Neral none
9 Bhivpuri Road none
10 Karjat S none
11 Palasdari none
12 Kelavli none
13 Dolavli none
14 Lowjee none
15 Khopoli KP none
† – Branch Line starts at Kalyan
Proposed station[edit]
# Proposed Preceding Following
4.5 Chikhloli[4] Ambernath Badlapur

North-east Section[edit]

North-east Section
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Kalyan K Central line (Main)
2 Shahad none
3 Ambivli none
4 Titwala TL none
5 Khadavli none
6 Vasind none
7 Asangaon AN none
8 Atgaon none
9 Thansit none
10 Khardi none
11 Umbermali none
12 Kasara N none
† – Branch Line starts at Kalyan

Vasai Road–Diva–Panvel–Roha line[edit]

Vasai Road–
Roha Line
Vasai Road
Juchandra
Kaman Road
Kharbao
Bhiwandi
Kopar
Diva
Dativali
Nilaje
Taloja
Navade Road
Kalamboli
Panvel
Somtane
Rasayani
Apta
Jite
Hamrapur
Pen
Kasu
Nagothane
Nidi
Roha

The Vasai Road–Diva–Panvel–Roha line connects the Western line station of Vasai Road with the Harbour line station of Panvel. It intersects the main line of the Central line at Diva. MEMUs operate between Dahanu Road and Panvel/Roha via a branch line from Vasai Road.

Vasai Road–Diva–Panvel–Roha line
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Vasai Road BS Western line
2 Juchandra None
3 Kaman Road None
4 Kharbao None
5 Bhiwandi None
6 Kopar Central line (Main)
7 Diva Central line (Main)
8 Dativali None
9 Nilaje None
10 Taloja None
11 Navade Road None
12 Kalamboli None
13 Panvel PL Harbour line
14 Somatane None
15 Rasayani None
16 Apta None
17 Jite None
18 Hamrapur None
19 Pen None
20 Kasu None
21 Nagothane None
22 Nidi None
23 Roha RH Konkan Railway

Nerul/CBD Belapur–Uran line[edit]

The Nerul/CBD Belapur–Uran rail track of 27 km is currently under construction.[5] The line is being constructed by CIDCO at a cost of 14.12 billion.[6] It is expected to be operational by 2015.[7]

The proposed railway stations are as follows:[8]

Central line (Nerul/CBD Belapur–Uran)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Nerul NU to Thane
(Central line)
CBD Belapur BR Harbour line
2 Seawoods-Darave Harbour line
3 Sagar Sangam None
4 Targhar None
5 Baman Dongari None
6 Kharkopar None
7 Gavan None
8 Ranjanpada None
9 Nhava Sheva None
10 Dronagiri None
11 Uran City None
†- when travelling from/to Nerul

Electrification[edit]

CR converted the Central line from the previously used 1500V DC electrification to 25,000V AC on 5 May 2013 from Kalyan to Khopoli and Kalyan to Kasara.[9] Electrification on the Lokmanya Tilak Terminus-Thane-Kalyan section was completed on 12 January 2014.[10] The entire route between CST to Thane was converted from 1500V DC electrification to 25,000V AC on 8th June 2015; thus completing the entire Central line search.[11][12]

The conversion was expected to reduce maintenance-related failures The AC electrification system needs lighter overhead wires than that of DC, which has thicker and heavier contact wires and pantographs that are prone to fast wear and tear. The railway is estimated to save around 120 crore annually from reduced transmission loss and regenerative braking, and conserve 33% energy as a result of the conversion.[11]

Services[edit]

Since November 2011, all services on the Central line have been running on 12 cars. In preparation for introducing 15 car services, CR extended platforms at Byculla, Kurla, Ghatkopar, Bhandup, Mulund and Dombivli stations, from the current 270 metres to 330 metres,[13] in order to accommodate 15 coach trains. The total cost of the work was estimated at 37.5 million (US$520,000).[14] The first 15-car service, on the Central line, departed from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Kalyan at 7:33 pm on 16 October 2012.[15]

As of March 2014, 75 rakes operate 825 services on the Central line daily, of which 809 are 12-car and 16 are 15-car services.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minor drop in deaths on tracks of Western Railways". The Times of India. 2 April 2012.
  2. ^ TNN Aug 2, 2012, 03.34AM IST (2012-08-02). "Sanpada, Kurla sheds to clear rake service backlog". The Times of India. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
  3. ^ "Bonanza for Mumbai rail commuters". Business Standard. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
  4. ^ http://www.pudhari.com/news/mumbai/102439.html
  5. ^ "Nerul-Belapur-Uran rail line on track, likely to be completed in 4 years". Indian Express. 30 October 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
  6. ^ "Cidco begins work on Nerul-Uran rail link". Hindustan Times. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
  7. ^ PTI. "Business Line : Industry & Economy / Logistics : Nerul-Uran railway link to be ready by 2015: Cidco". The Hindu. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
  8. ^ "Cidco". Cidcoindia.com. Archived from the original on 24 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  9. ^ From May 5, faster Central Railway with AC power - Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2013-04-30). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  10. ^ Soon, faster trains on Kalyan-LTT route - The Times of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2014-01-13). Retrieved on 2014-06-11.
  11. ^ a b c Central Railway plans DC/AC switch in May - The Times of India. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2014-03-25). Retrieved on 2014-06-11.
  12. ^ "DC to AC conversion on Mumbai's Central Railways rail route completed". The Economic Times. Mumbai: PTI. 8 June 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  13. ^ "CR still in two minds over 15car trains". Mumbai Mirror. 23 January 2012. Archived from the original on 26 January 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  14. ^ "15-car rakes: Central Railway invites bids for platform extension". The Times of India. 15 April 2012.
  15. ^ TNN Oct 16, 2012, 01.16AM IST (2012-10-16). "15-car Central Railway trains from today". The Times of India. Retrieved 2013-03-12.