Centralia, Kansas

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Centralia, Kansas
City
Location within Nemaha County and Kansas
Location within Nemaha County and Kansas
KDOT map of Nemaha County (legend)
KDOT map of Nemaha County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°43′27″N 96°7′52″W / 39.72417°N 96.13111°W / 39.72417; -96.13111Coordinates: 39°43′27″N 96°7′52″W / 39.72417°N 96.13111°W / 39.72417; -96.13111
Country United States
State Kansas
County Nemaha
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
Area[1]
 • Total 0.47 sq mi (1.22 km2)
 • Land 0.47 sq mi (1.22 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,273 ft (388 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 512
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 508
 • Density 1,100/sq mi (420/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66415
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-12425 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0473214 [5]

Centralia is a city in Nemaha County, Kansas, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 512.[6]

History[edit]

Centralia was founded in 1859 one mile north of the present town. When a railroad was built through the territory in 1867, Centralia was moved to the site.[7] Centralia was incorporated in 1882.[8] One of the early residents of Centralia was Floyd Perry Baker, a Kansas politician and newspaper editor, who moved there with his family from Andrew County, Missouri around 1860.

Geography[edit]

Centralia is located at 39°43′27″N 96°7′52″W / 39.72417°N 96.13111°W / 39.72417; -96.13111 (39.724032, -96.131079).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.47 square miles (1.22 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Centralia has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfa" on climate maps.[10]

Climate data for Centralia, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3
(37)
6
(43)
12
(54)
19
(66)
24
(75)
29
(85)
32
(90)
32
(89)
27
(81)
21
(69)
12
(53)
4
(40)
18
(65)
Average low °C (°F) −9
(16)
−7
(20)
−1
(30)
5
(41)
11
(51)
16
(61)
19
(66)
18
(64)
13
(56)
7
(44)
−1
(31)
−7
(20)
6
(42)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.9)
28
(1.1)
50
(2)
74
(2.9)
112
(4.4)
130
(5.1)
100
(4)
100
(4)
99
(3.9)
64
(2.5)
43
(1.7)
30
(1)
851
(33.5)
Source: Weatherbase [11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 289
1890 534 84.8%
1900 655 22.7%
1910 665 1.5%
1920 619 −6.9%
1930 682 10.2%
1940 607 −11.0%
1950 574 −5.4%
1960 527 −8.2%
1970 511 −3.0%
1980 486 −4.9%
1990 452 −7.0%
2000 534 18.1%
2010 512 −4.1%
Est. 2015 509 [12] −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 512 people, 201 households, and 123 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,089.4 inhabitants per square mile (420.6/km2). There were 238 housing units at an average density of 506.4 per square mile (195.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.5% White, 1.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 201 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.8% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 40.1 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 22.8% were from 45 to 64; and 21.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.6% male and 49.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 534 people, 216 households, and 127 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,186.0 people per square mile (458.2/km²). There were 235 housing units at an average density of 521.9 per square mile (201.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.82% White, 0.19% African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.37% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.81% of the population.

There were 216 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 3.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.2% were non-families. 38.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 28.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 30.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,240, and the median income for a family was $32,625. Males had a median income of $22,500 versus $16,591 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,813. About 8.0% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2011. 
  7. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 249. 
  8. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 307. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Centralia, Kansas
  11. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on October 4, 2013.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 

External links[edit]

City
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