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Temporal range: 55.8 - recent
Scientific classification

Centrarchiformes was an order of ray-finned fish, but has been placed with perciformes, with 17 families, they first appeared 55.8 million years ago in the Eocene Era, they are omnivores, and are found in Australia and South America.[1][2] These types of Centrarchiformes are sometimes a typical beefy perch, featuring a stocky build and spine-bearing dorsal fin, they can reach up to 2.5 cm in length, for Elassoma gilberti, to 1.8 m for Maccullochella peelii.[3]



  1. ^ Lavoué, Sébastien; Nakayama, Kouji; Jerry, Dean R.; Yamanoue, Yusuke; Yagishita, Naoki; Suzuki, Nobuaki; Nishida, Mutsumi; Miya, Masaki (2014). "Mitogenomic phylogeny of the Percichthyidae and Centrarchiformes (Percomorphaceae): Comparison with recent nuclear gene-based studies and simultaneous analysis". Gene. 549 (1): 46–57. doi:10.1016/j.gene.2014.07.033. PMID 25026502.
  2. ^ "Centrarchiformes - Encyclopedia of Life". eol.org. Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  3. ^ Yagishita, Naoki; Miya, Masaki; Yamanoue, Yusuke; Shirai, Shigeru M.; Nakayama, Kouji; Suzuki, Nobuaki; Satoh, Takashi P.; Mabuchi, Kohji; Nishida, Mutsumi; Nakabo, Tetsuji (2009). "Mitogenomic evaluation of the unique facial nerve pattern as a phylogenetic marker within the percifom fishes (Teleostei: Percomorpha)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 53 (1): 258–266. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.06.009. PMID 19540351.
  4. ^ Sanciangco, Millicent D.; Carpenter, Kent E.; Betancur-r, Ricardo (2016). "Phylogenetic placement of enigmatic percomorph families (Teleostei: Percomorphaceae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 94 (Pt B): 565–576. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.10.006. PMID 26493227.