Centre-Sud Region

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Centre-Sud
Region
A mountain, Pic de Nahouri, in the region
A mountain, Pic de Nahouri, in the region
Location in Burkina Faso
Location in Burkina Faso
Coordinates: 11°30′N 1°10′W / 11.500°N 1.167°W / 11.500; -1.167Coordinates: 11°30′N 1°10′W / 11.500°N 1.167°W / 11.500; -1.167
Country  Burkina Faso
Capital Manga
Area
 • Total 4,371 sq mi (11,321 km2)
Population (2011)
 • Total 722,631(est.)
Time zone GMT 0 (UTC+0)
For the province of Equatorial Guinea, see Centro Sur Province.

Centre-Sud is one of Burkina Faso's 13 administrative regions. The population of Centre-Sud was 638,379 in 2006[1] and was estimated at 722,631 in 2011.[2] The region's capital is Manga. Three provinces - Bazèga, Nahouri, and Zoundwéogo, make up the region.

As of 2010, the population of the region was 703,358 with 52.90 per cent females. The population in the region was 4.47 per cent of the total population of the country. The child mortality rate was 61, infant mortality rate was 70 and the mortality of children under five was 127. As of 2007, the literacy rate in the region was 15.9 per cent, compared to a national average of 28.3 per cent. The coverage of cereal need compared to the total production of the region was 69.00 per cent.

Geography[edit]

Most of Burkino Faso is a wide plateau formed by riverine systems and is called falaise de Banfora. There are three major rivers, the Red Volta, Black Volta and White Volta, which cuts through different valleys. The climate is generally hot, with unreliable rains across different seasons. Gold and quartz are common minerals found across the country, while manganese deposits are also common.[3] The dry season is usually from October to May and rains are common during the wet season from June to September. The soil texture is porous and hence the yield is also poor.[4] The average elevation is around 200 m (660 ft) to 300 m (980 ft) above mean sea level. Among West African countries, Burkino Faso has the largest elephant population and the country is replete with game reserves.[5] The southern regions are more tropical in nature and have Savannah and forests. The principal river is the Black Volta, that originates in the southern region and drains into Ghana. The areas near the rivers usually have flies like tsete and similium, which are carriers of sleep sickness and river blindness.[3] The average rainfall in the region is around 100 cm (39 in) compared to northern regions that receive only 25 cm (9.8 in) rainfall.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2010, the population of the region was 703,358 with 52.90 per cent females. The population in the region was 4.47 per cent of the total population of the country. The child mortality rate was 61, infant mortality rate was 70 and the mortality of children under five was 127.[6] As of 2007, among the working population, there were 79.30 per cent employees, 9.90 per cent under employed, 9.60 per cent inactive people, 10.80 per cent not working and 1.20 unemployed people in the region.[7]

Adult (15+) literacy in the region increased from 8,6% in 2003 to 15,9% in 2007 but was still below the national average of 28,3%.[8] In 2011 the region had 506 primary schools and 61 secondary schools. In 2010/11 7,6% of the population (aged 13-19) attended secondary school, which was below the national average of 10.7%.[9] As of 2007, the literacy rate in the region was 15.9 per cent, compared to a national average of 28.3 per cent. The gross primary enrollment was 83.6 per cent, pos-primary was 23.9 per cent and gross secondary school enrollment was 6.2. There were 88 boys and 7 girls enrolled in the primary and post-secondary level. There were no teachers in primary & post-secondary level, while there were 394 teachers in post-primary and post-secondary level.[10]

Economy[edit]

As of 2007, there were 423.3 km (263.0 mi) of highways, 13 km (8.1 mi) of regional roads and 227.6 km (141.4 mi) of county roads. The first set of car traffic was 12, first set of two-wheeler traffic was 1,093 and the total classified road network was 664.[11] The total corn produced during 2015 was 101,947 tonnes, cotton was 46,542 tonnes, cowpea was 18,115 tonnes, ground nut was 34,656 tonnes, millet was 31,435 tonnes, rice was 20,356 tonnes and sorghum was 84,588 tonnes. The coverage of cereal need compared to the total production of the region was 69.00 per cent.[12]

Provinces[edit]

Province Capital 2006[1]
Bazèga Province Kombissiri 238,202
Nahouri Province 155,463
Zoundwéogo Province Manga 244,714

The region has three provinces which together include 16 departments. Burkina Faso got independence from French Colonial Empire during 1960. It was originally called Upper Volta. There have been military coups till 1983 when Captain Thomas Sankara took control and implemented radical left wing policies. He was outsed by Blaise Compaore, who continued for 27 years till 2014, when a popular uprising ended his rule.[13] As per Law No.40/98/AN in 1998, Burkina Faso adhered to decentralization to provide administrative and financial autonomy to local communities. There are 13 administrative regions, each governed by a Governor. The regions are subdivided into 45 provinces, which are further subdivided into 351 communes. The communes may be urban or rural and are interchangeable. There are other administrative entities like department and village. An urban commune has typically 10,000 people under it. If any commune is not able to get 75 per cent of its planned budget in revenues for 3 years, the autonomy is taken off. The communes are administered by elected Mayors. The communes are stipulated to develop economic, social and cultural values of its citizens. A commune has financial autonomy and can interact with other communes, government agencies or international entities.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National 2006 census preliminary results" (PDF). 2006. Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  2. ^ "La région du Centre-sud en chiffres" (PDF). Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie (INSD). 2011. p. 6. 
  3. ^ a b Haggett, Peter, ed. (2002). Encyclopedia of World Geography, Volume 17. Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 9780761473060. 
  4. ^ Dobson, James C.; Sander, John M.; Woodfield, Judith (2001). Living Geography: Homework and Assessment, Book 3. Nelson Thornes. p. 29. ISBN 9780174343257. 
  5. ^ a b Burkina Faso Mining Laws and Regulations Handbook. Int'l Business Publications. 2008. p. 19. ISBN 9781433077074. 
  6. ^ "Demographics of Burkina Faso". National Institute of Statistics and Demographics, Burkina Faso. 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "Employment statistics of Burkina Faso". National Institute of Statistics and Demographics, Burkina Faso. 2007. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  8. ^ "La région du Centre-Sud en chiffres" (PDF). Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie (INSD). 2011. p. 6. 
  9. ^ "La région du Centre-Sud en chiffres" (PDF). Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie (INSD). 2011. p. 6. 
  10. ^ "Education statistics of Burkina Faso". National Institute of Statistics and Demographics, Burkina Faso. 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  11. ^ "Transport in Burkina Faso". National Institute of Statistics and Demographics, Burkina Faso. 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  12. ^ "Agricultural statistics of Burkina Faso". National Institute of Statistics and Demographics, Burkina Faso. 2015. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  13. ^ "Burkina Faso country profile". BBC. 5 August 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  14. ^ Republic of Burkina Faso, Public Administration and Country profile (PDF) (Report). Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), United Nations. 2004. p. 9. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 

External links[edit]