Centre-right coalition (Italy)

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Centre-right coalition
Coalizione di centrodestra
Leaders Silvio Berlusconi
Giorgia Meloni
Matteo Salvini
Political position Centre-right
Colours Blue
Chamber of Deputies
125 / 630
(2013)
Senate
117 / 315
(2013)
European Parliament
21 / 73
(2014)
Regional Government
3 / 20

Centre-right coalition (Italian: Coalizione di centrodestra) refers to a political alliance of political parties in Italy, which contested the 2008 and the 2013 general elections under the leadership of Silvio Berlusconi, three-times Prime Minister of Italy.

In the 1994 general election the centre-right ran with two coalitions, the Pole of Freedoms in northern Italy and the Pole of Good Government in southern Italy.[1] In 1996, after the leaving of Northern League, the centre-right coalition, in occasion of the 1996 general election, assumed the new name of Pole for Freedoms. In 2000 with the return of the Lega Nord to the centre-right, the coalition reformed as the House of Freedoms which existed until 2008.[2] Since 2008 (when The People of Freedom was formed), the coalition has not had official names.

Currently, after the schism between Berlusconi and Northern League's leader Salvini during the events of the 2016 Rome municipal election, the coalition is active only in some cities and regions.


1994 general election[edit]

The Pole of Freedoms ran only in Northern Italy and it was composed of the following parties:

Party Ideology Leader
Forza Italia (FI) Liberal conservatism Silvio Berlusconi
Northern League (LN) Regionalism Umberto Bossi
Christian Democratic Centre (CCD) Christian democracy Pier Ferdinando Casini
Union of the Centre (UdC) Liberalism Raffaele Costa

The Pole of Good Government ran instead only in Southern Italy and it was composed of the following parties:

Party Ideology Leader
Forza Italia (FI) Liberal conservatism Silvio Berlusconi
National Alliance (AN) National conservatism Gianfranco Fini
Christian Democratic Centre (CCD) Christian democracy Pier Ferdinando Casini
Union of the Centre (UdC) Liberalism Raffaele Costa
Liberal Democratic Pole (PLD) Liberalism Adriano Teso
Pannella List (LP) Liberalism Marco Pannella

1996 general election[edit]

The Pole for Freedoms was composed of the following parties:

Party Ideology Leader
Forza Italia (FI) Liberal conservatism Silvio Berlusconi
National Alliance (AN) National conservatism Gianfranco Fini
Christian Democratic Centre (CCD) Christian democracy Pier Ferdinando Casini
United Christian Democrats (CDU) Christian democracy Rocco Buttiglione
Pannella–Sgarbi List Liberalism Marco Pannella

2001 general election[edit]

On the occasion of the 2001 general election a new coalition was formed, the House of Freedoms. It was composed of following parties:

Party Ideology Leader
Forza Italia (FI) Liberal conservatism Silvio Berlusconi
National Alliance (AN) Conservatism Gianfranco Fini
Northern League (LN) Regionalism Umberto Bossi
Christian Democratic Centre (CCD) Christian democracy Pier Ferdinando Casini
United Christian Democrats (CDU) Christian democracy Rocco Buttiglione
Socialist Party–New PSI (NPSI) Social democracy Gianni De Michelis
Italian Republican Party (PRI) Liberalism Giorgio La Malfa

2006 general election[edit]

The House of Freedoms ran also for the 2006 general election and it was composed of the following parties:

Party Ideology Leader
Forza Italia (FI) Liberal conservatism Silvio Berlusconi
National Alliance (AN) Conservatism Gianfranco Fini
Northern League (LN) Regionalism Umberto Bossi
Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (UCD) Christian democracy Pier Ferdinando Casini
Christian Democracy for the Autonomies (CDA) Christian democracy Gianfranco Rotondi
Socialist Party–New PSI (NPSI) Social democracy Gianni De Michelis
Movement for Autonomy (MpA) Regionalism Raffaele Lombardo
Liberal Reformers (RL) Liberalism Benedetto Della Vedova

2008 general election[edit]

This coalition was launched after the dissolution of the House of Freedoms as a result of the merger between Forza Italia, National Alliance and minor parties to form The People of Freedom (PdL),[3] which continued its alliance with Lega Nord.[4] In the 2008 general election the coalition, whose leader and candidate for prime minister was Berlusconi, was formed follows:

Party Ideology Leader
The People of Freedom (PdL) Liberal conservatism Silvio Berlusconi
Northern League (LN) Regionalism Umberto Bossi
Movement for Autonomy (MpA) Regionalism Raffaele Lombardo

2013 general election[edit]

The coalition that ran for the 2013 general election, under Berlusconi's leadership,[5] included, among others:

Party Ideology Leader
The People of Freedom (PdL) Liberal conservatism Silvio Berlusconi
Northern League (LN) Regionalism Roberto Maroni
Brothers of Italy (FdI) National conservatism Giorgia Meloni
The Right (LD) Italian nationalism Francesco Storace
Great South (GS) Regionalism Gianfranco Micciché
Movement for the Autonomies (MpA) Regionalism Raffaele Lombardo
Pensioners' Party (PP) Pensioners' interests Carlo Fatuzzo
Moderates in Revolution (MiR) Christian democracy Gianpiero Samorì
People's Agreement (IP) Christian democracy Giampiero Catone
Popular Construction (CP) Christian democracy Francesco Saverio Romano

Current composition[edit]

In 2013 Berlusconi refounded Forza Italia. Most of the Christian-democratic faction of the former PdL, led by Angelino Alfano, left to form the New Centre-Right. The coalition, which functions only at local level, is composed of the following parties:

Party Ideology Leader
Northern League (LN) Regionalism, Populism Matteo Salvini
Us with Salvini (NcS)
Forza Italia (FI) Liberal conservatism Silvio Berlusconi
Brothers of Italy (FdI) National conservatism Giorgia Meloni
Direction Italy (DI) Conservatism Raffaele Fitto
National Movement for Sovereignty (MNS) National conservatism Gianni Alemanno

Electoral results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1994 18,200,270 (#1) 46.1
366 / 630
Silvio Berlusconi
1996 15,095,436 (#2) 43.2
246 / 630
Silvio Berlusconi
2001 16,915,513 (#1) 45.4
368 / 630
Silvio Berlusconi
2006 18,995,697 (#2) 49.7
281 / 630
Decrease 87 Silvio Berlusconi
2008 17,064,506 (#1) 46.8
344 / 630
Silvio Berlusconi
2013 9,923,109 (#2) 29.2
125 / 630
Decrease 219 Silvio Berlusconi
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1994 14,110,705 (#1) 42.5
156 / 315
Silvio Berlusconi
1996 12,185,020 (#2) 37.4
116 / 315
Silvio Berlusconi
2001 14,406,519 (#1) 42.5
176 / 315
Silvio Berlusconi
2006 17,359,754 (#1) 49.8
156 / 315
Decrease 20 Silvio Berlusconi
2008 15,508,899 (#1) 47.3
174 / 315
Silvio Berlusconi
2013 9,405,679 (#2) 30.7
117 / 315
Decrease 57 Silvio Berlusconi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mark Donovan (2004). "The Italian State: No Longer Catholic, no Longer Christian". In Zsolt Enyedi; John T.S. Madeley. Church and State in Contemporary Europe. Routledge. p. 102. ISBN 978-1-135-76141-7. 
  2. ^ Vittorio Vandelli (2014). 1994-2014 Berlusconi’s new ventennio. Vittorio Vandelli. p. 189. ISBN 978-605-03-2890-5. 
  3. ^ "Italy returns Berlusconi to power". BBC News. 15 April 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  4. ^ Daniele Albertazzi; Duncan McDonnell (2015). Populists in Power. Routledge. p. 80. ISBN 978-1-317-53503-4. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "Italian election results: gridlock likely – as it happened". Guardian. 26 February 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2013.