Centre Party (Sweden)
|Headquarters||Stora Nygatan 4, Gamla stan, Stockholm|
|Youth wing||Centre Party Youth|
|National affiliation||The Alliance|
|International affiliation||Liberal International|
|European affiliation||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|European Parliament group||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|Politics of Sweden
The Centre Party (Swedish: Centerpartiet, abbreviated C) is a liberal, agrarian, and social-liberal political party in Sweden. Traditionally part of the Nordic agrarian family, the party has increasingly shifted its focus towards environmental protection, criticism of nuclear power, and decentralisation of governmental authority.
The party was founded in 1913 as the Farmers' League (Swedish: Bondeförbundet). In 1922 it merged with Jordbrukarnas Riksförbund (National Farmers Union). The name of the party was changed from Bondeförbundet in 1957. At that time it had been the closest ally of the Social Democrats for 25 years, and its coalition partners between 1936 and 1945 as well as between 1951 and 1957, but it has since revised this strategy in order to establish a closer long-term alliance between the centre-right (Swedish borgerlig, lit. "bourgeois" or "nonsocialist") parties, that achieved power between 1976 and 1982 and between 1991 and 1994. Torbjörn Fälldin was the leader of the Centre Party and Prime Minister in 1976–1982, except a short interregnum in 1978–1979 by Liberal People's Party leader Ola Ullsten. The Centre Party again joined a centre-right government following the 1991 election led by Moderate Party leader Carl Bildt. During the leaderships of Maud Olofsson and Annie Lööf in the 2000s the party has positioned itself clearly on the political right as a small business-friendly party, leaning towards neoliberal and libertarian policies and viewing the Social Democrats as its main opponent.
The 2006 Swedish election was a success for the Centre Party. Its support had been slowly increasing through recent elections; in 1998 it received 5.1% of the votes, and this increased to 6.2% in 2002. In the 2006 elections 7.88% of the vote went to the Centre Party, entitling them to 29 of the 349 seats in the Swedish Riksdag. Furthermore, their alliance with the other parties in the Alliance for Sweden, a coalition which won a majority of parliament seats in this election, meant that the Centre Party shared the ministry posts with their Alliance for Sweden allies: the Moderate Party, the Liberal People's Party and the Christian Democrats.
Centerpartiet is a pro-immigration party, and in their campaign for the Swedish general election, 2006, they proposed to double the number of immigrants entering Sweden to 90,000 persons, or 1 per cent of the Swedish population. This was to be facilitated by issuing green cards.
In late 2012 the party stated it wanted to open the borders completely to immigration, including removing requirements for some degree of job skills and a clean criminal record. The party stressed the Canadian model and referred to it as a more successful one, stating that had Sweden had followed it the population of Sweden would have been over 40 million in 2012. Along with other controversial new proposals, which included to make polygamy legal and end compulsory schooling, this caused turmoil with parts of the party's traditional rural base who claimed that the new proposals displayed a great rift between them and the party's neo-liberal "Stockholm centre".
|This article is outdated. (November 2010)|
Centerpartiet advocates a federative model for the European Union, governed by the principle of subsidiarity. The party is against the introduction of the euro in Sweden, and was a part of the winning no-side in the euro referendum in 2003.
|Election year||# of
| % of
overall seats won
|1914 (Sep)||1,507||0.2 (#4)||0||in opposition|
|1917||39,262||5.3 (#5)||9||in opposition|
|1920||52,318||7.9 (#4)||11||in opposition|
|1921||192,269||11.0 (#4)||9||in opposition|
|1924||190,396||10.8 (#4)||2||in opposition|
|1928||263,501||11.2 (#4)||4||in opposition|
|1932||321,215||14.1 (#3)||9||in opposition|
|1936||418,840||14.4 (#3)||0||in opposition|
|1940||344,345||12.0 (#3)||8||in government|
|1944||421,094||13.6 (#3)||7||in government|
|1948||480,421||12.4 (#3)||5||in opposition|
|1952||406,183||10.7 (#4)||4||in government|
|1956||366,612||9.5 (#4)||7||in government|
|1958||486,760||12.7 (#4)||13||in opposition|
|1960||579,007||13.6 (#4)||2||in opposition|
|1964||559,632||13.2 (#4)||1||in opposition|
|1968||757,215||15.7 (#2)||3||in opposition|
|1970||991,208||19.9 (#2)||32||in opposition|
|1973||1,295,246||25.1 (#2)||19||in opposition|
|1976||1,309,669||24.1 (#2)||4||in government|
|1979||984,589||18.1 (#3)||22||in government|
|1982||859,618||15.5 (#3)||8||in opposition|
|1985||490,999||8.8 (#4)||13||in opposition|
|1988||607,240||11.3 (#4)||1||in opposition|
|1991||465,356||8.5 (#4)||11||in government|
|1994||425,153||7.7 (#3)||4||in opposition|
|1998||269,762||5.1 (#5)||9||in opposition|
|2002||328,428||6.19 (#6)||4||in opposition|
|2006||437,389||7.88 (#3)||7||in government|
|2010||390,804||6.56 (#5)||6||in government|
|2014||370,834||6.1 (#5)||1||in opposition|
Traditionally, most of the voters and votebank come from rural areas and quite a few are farmers and agricultural producers. In recent years however, since the takeover of Maud Olofsson the party has been attracting liberal voters from urban areas in central Sweden. It is believed that voters from the Liberal People's Party have been moving to the Centre Party due to changes in both parties.
- Erik Eriksson (1916–1920)
- Johan Andersson (1920–1924)
- Johan Johansson (1924–1928)
- Olof Olsson (1928–1934)
- Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp (1934–1949)
- Gunnar Hedlund (1949–1971)
- Thorbjörn Fälldin (1971–1985)
- Karin Söder (1985–1987)
- Olof Johansson (1987–1998)
- Lennart Daléus (1998–2001)
- Maud Olofsson (2001–2011)
- Annie Lööf (2011–)
Current Members of Parliament
|This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (March 2012)|
- Roger Tiefensee
- Karin Nilsson
- Johan Linander
- Kerstin Lundgren
- Per Åsling
- Solveig Zander
- Anders Åkesson
- Annie Lööf
- Annika Qarlsson
- Anders Flanking
- Erik A. Eriksson
- Fredrick Federley
- Kenneth Johansson
- Per Lodenius
- Staffan Danielsson
- Ulrika Carlsson
- Abir al-Sahlani
- Ola Johansson
- Per Ingvar Johnsson
- Anders Jonsson
- Emil Källstrom
- Helena Lindahl
- Åsa Torstensson
- Lena Ek
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- David Blandford, Berkeley Hill (2006). Policy Reform and Adjustment in the Agricultural Sectors of Developed Countries. CABI. p. 110. ISBN 9781845930332.
- "The Centre Party - Centerpartiet", Sveriges Radio/Radio Sweden
- "Guide: Centerpartiets historia och ideologi", DN, 2011-04-18
- "2014: Val till landstingsfullmäktige - Valda", Valmyndigheten, 2014-09-28
- "2014: Val till kommunfullmäktige - Valda", Valmyndigheten, 2014-09-26
- "Google Translate". Retrieved 24 February 2015.
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- Svante Ersson; Jan-Erik Lane (28 December 1998). Politics and Society in Western Europe. SAGE. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-7619-5862-8. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
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- "'The Centre Party is a confused party': expert", The Local, 14 Jan 2013
- Så styckas Centertidningar - Reklam & Media - E24.se
- Privata Affärer - Centern blir världens rikaste politiska parti
- Väljarbarometern samtliga
- Allmänna val 17 september 2006
- Centern vill fördubbla invandringen - Sverige - Sydsvenskan - Nyheter dygnet runt
- "C vill ha helt fri invandring". Aftonbladet. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- "Centre Party split over radical proposals", The Local, 29 Dec 2012
- "Centre Party faces internal rebellion", The Local, 05 Jan 2013
- "ALDE Party members". Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- "Towards a two-party system? The Swedish parliamentary election of September 2006", Nicholas Aylott and Niklas Bolin, West European Politics, 2007 forthcoming