Centre Party (Sweden)
|Leader and President||Annie Lööf|
|House Leader||Anders W Jonsson|
|Headquarters||Stora Nygatan 4, Gamla stan, Stockholm|
|Youth wing||Centre Party Youth|
|Political position||Centre to Centre-right|
|European affiliation||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|International affiliation||Liberal International|
|European Parliament group||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
22 / 349
1 / 20
118 / 1,597
1,411 / 12,780
The Centre Party (Swedish: Centerpartiet, abbreviated C) is a liberal and agrarian political party in Sweden. Traditionally part of the Nordic agrarian family, the party has increasingly shifted its focus towards free market economics, environmental protection, gender equality and decentralisation of governmental authority. The Centre Party is a member of the centre-right coalition the Alliance with the Moderate Party, Liberal Party and the Christian Democrats. The party's major issues are national economy, environment and integration and they're represented in all of the Riksdags parliamentary commités.
The party was founded in 1913 as the Farmers' League (Swedish: Bondeförbundet). In 1922 it merged with the National Farmers' Union (Jordbrukarnas Riksförbund). The name of the party was changed from the Farmers' League in 1957. At that time it had been the closest ally of the Swedish Social Democratic Party for 25 years, and its coalition partners between 1936 and 1945 as well as between 1951 and 1957, but it has since revised this strategy in order to establish a closer long-term alliance between the centre-right (Swedish borgerlig, lit. "bourgeois" or "nonsocialist") parties, that achieved power between 1976 and 1982 and between 1991 and 1994. Thorbjörn Fälldin was the leader of the Centre Party and Prime Minister in 1976–1982, except a short interregnum in 1978–1979 by Liberal People's Party leader Ola Ullsten. The Centre Party again joined a centre-right government following the 1991 election led by Moderate Party leader Carl Bildt. During the leaderships of Maud Olofsson and Annie Lööf in the 2000s the party has positioned itself clearly on the political right as a small business-friendly party, leaning towards neoliberal and libertarian policies and viewing the Social Democrats as its main opponent.
The 2006 Swedish election was a success for the Centre Party. Its support had been slowly increasing through recent elections; in 1998 it received 5.1% of the votes, and this increased to 6.2% in 2002. In the 2006 elections 7.88% of the vote went to the Centre Party, entitling them to 29 of the 349 seats in the Swedish Riksdag. Furthermore, their alliance with the other parties in the Alliance for Sweden, a coalition which won a majority of parliament seats in this election, meant that the Centre Party shared the ministry posts with their Alliance for Sweden allies: the Moderate Party, the Liberal People's Party and the Christian Democrats.
Centerpartiet has in both liberal, socialist and conservative medias been described as one of Sweden's most market liberal parties. However, the party describes themselves as a party with a green, social and earthy liberalism. The party leadership has many times taken distance from neoliberalism and libertarianism. The party advocates lower taxes, greatly reduced employer contributions, a freer market and an increased RUT-deductioned. The party is a big advocator for small-business, farmers and entrepreneurs. They also want to invest in the infrastructure and transportation so employees could work in bigger cities but still live in the rural areas (and vice versa). On economic policy, they've described their opponents to be the Swedish Social Democratic Party and the Sweden Democrats.
Centerpartiet is a liberal immigration party, who stands that they want to combine a generously immigration policy with an initially more restrictive contribution policy to the immigrants. After the big immigration wave in autumn 2015, the party proposed to replace the existing establishment grants with establishment loans, similar to the Swedish student loans. The party is very clear with the responsibility of Sweden to receiving refugees but also the responsibility of the immigrants to establish and to become a part of the society. In January 2016 the party for example proposed to give all immigrants compulsory civic education in both rights and expectations from the society.
Centerpartiet is a decentralist pro-EU party who believes that the European Union is an important union to secure peace, freedom and trade between the European countries. But the party also advocates a smaller but sharper EU that focuses on democracy and peace, free movement and trade, vigorous action against climate change and collaboration against organized crime. Centerpartiet believes that Sweden should stay outside the monetary union and keep the SEK, and not shift to the Euro.
In the European Parliament the Centre Party is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) Party. Centerpartiet MEPs, Fredrick Federley is the vicepresident of the ALDE Party and the group leader of the ALDE group in the European Parliament Committee on Industry, Research and Energy.
|Election year||# of
| % of
overall seats won
|1914 (Sep)||1,507||0.2 (#4)||
0 / 230
9 / 230
20 / 230
21 / 230
23 / 230
27 / 230
36 / 230
36 / 230
28 / 230
35 / 230
30 / 230
26 / 230
19 / 231
32 / 231
34 / 232
36 / 233
39 / 233
71 / 350
90 / 350
86 / 349
64 / 349
56 / 349
43 / 349
42 / 349
31 / 349
27 / 349
18 / 349
22 / 349
29 / 349
23 / 349
22 / 349
Traditionally, most of the voters and votebank come from rural areas and quite a few are farmers and agricultural producers. In recent years however, since the takeover of Maud Olofsson the party has been attracting liberal voters from urban areas in central Sweden. It is believed that voters from the Liberal People's Party have been moving to the Centre Party due to changes in both parties.
- Erik Eriksson (1916–1920)
- Johan Andersson (1920–1924)
- Johan Johansson (1924–1928)
- Olof Olsson (1928–1934)
- Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp (1934–1949)
- Gunnar Hedlund (1949–1971)
- Thorbjörn Fälldin (1971–1985)
- Karin Söder (1985–1987)
- Olof Johansson (1987–1998)
- Lennart Daléus (1998–2001)
- Maud Olofsson (2001–2011)
- Annie Lööf (2011–)
Current Members of Parliament
- Daniel Bäckström, spokesperson at defence affairs
- Ulrika Carlsson, deputy house leader, spokesperson at educational affairs
- Fredrik Christensson, spokesperson at youth employment and higher education
- Staffan Danielsson
- Eskil Erlandsson, spokesperson at agriculture and farming
- Johan Hedin, spokesperson at justice and law
- Peter Helander, spokesperson at regional affairs
- Ola Johansson, spokesperson at housing and building
- Per-Ingvar Johnsson, spokesperson at constitutional affairs
- Anders W Jonsson, house leader, spokesperson at social affairs
- Johanna Jönsson, spokesperson at immigration and integration
- Emil Källström, spokesperson at finance and economics
- Helena Lindahl, spokesperson at business
- Per Lodenius, spokesperson at culture and sport
- Kerstin Lundgren, spokesperson at foreign affairs and security
- Annie Lööf, president
- Rickard Nordin, spokesperson at climate and energy
- Annika Qarlsson, spokesperson at labour, employment and gender equality
- Kristina Yngwe, spokesperson at environment and food
- Solveig Zander, spokesperson at social security
- Anders Åkesson, spokesperson at transportation and infrastructure
- Per Åsling, spokesperson at treasury
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- Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- David Blandford; Berkeley Hill (2006). Policy Reform and Adjustment in the Agricultural Sectors of Developed Countries. CABI. p. 110. ISBN 9781845930332.
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- Carina Bischoff; Marlene Wind (14 August 2015). "Sweden". In Donatella M. Viola. Routledge Handbook of European Elections. Routledge. p. 418. ISBN 978-1-317-50363-7.
- "'The Centre Party is a confused party': expert", The Local, 14 Jan 2013
- Så styckas Centertidningar - Reklam & Media - E24.se
- Privata Affärer - Centern blir världens rikaste politiska parti Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Väljarbarometern samtliga Archived 13 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
- Allmänna val 17 september 2006
- "ALDE Party members". Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- "Towards a two-party system? The Swedish parliamentary election of September 2006", Nicholas Aylott and Niklas Bolin, West European Politics, 2007 forthcoming