Centreville, Illinois

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Centreville, Illinois
Location of Centreville in Clair County, Illinois.
Location of Centreville in Clair County, Illinois.
Coordinates: 38°35′4″N 90°6′14″W / 38.58444°N 90.10389°W / 38.58444; -90.10389Coordinates: 38°35′4″N 90°6′14″W / 38.58444°N 90.10389°W / 38.58444; -90.10389
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountySt. Clair
Area
 • Total4.22 sq mi (10.93 km2)
 • Land4.16 sq mi (10.78 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.15 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total5,309
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
4,897
 • Density1,176.88/sq mi (454.37/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
62207
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-12203
Wikimedia CommonsCentreville, Illinois
Websitewww.cityofcentreville-il.com

Centreville was a city in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States. The population was 5,309 in 2010, down from 5,951 at the 2000 census. On May 6, 2021, the city ceased to exist, being incorporated into the new city of Cahokia Heights.[3]

Geography[edit]

Centreville was located at 38°35′4″N 90°6′14″W / 38.58444°N 90.10389°W / 38.58444; -90.10389 (38.584583, -90.103768).[4]

According to the 2010 census, Centreville had a total area of 4.287 square miles (11.10 km2), of which 4.23 square miles (10.96 km2) (or 98.67%) was land and 0.057 square miles (0.15 km2) (or 1.33%) was water.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,116
196012,769
197011,378−10.9%
19809,747−14.3%
19907,489−23.2%
20005,951−20.5%
20105,309−10.8%
20204,232−20.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 5,951 people, 2,125 households, and 1,476 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,373.3 people per square mile (530.6/km2). There were 2,363 housing units at an average density of 545.3 per square mile (210.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.46% African American, 3.38% white, 0.13% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 2,125 households, out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.5% were married couples living together, 35.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.38.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 33.5% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,500, and the median income for a family was $27,310. Males had a median income of $32,024 versus $23,528 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,150. About 28.7% of families and 34.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.4% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Some of the city was served by Cahokia Unit School District 187. Lalumier K-8 School is located in Centreville.[8] Centerville K-8 is located in an unincorporated area near Centreville.[9]

Some of the city was served by East St. Louis School District 189. Brown Elementary School is located in Centreville.[10][11]

Poverty[edit]

Centreville was the poorest city in the state of Illinois, as well as one of the poorest cities in the nation. The town median household income was $17,441, while the typical home in the area is worth approximately $47,900.[12] The city was located on a Mississippi River floodplain known as American Bottom, and experiences chronic flooding and raw sewage disposal problems due to the area's inadequate system of drainage ditches, levees and emergency pumps.[13][14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "3 Metro East cities officially merge to create Cahokia Heights". KMOV. May 6, 2021. Retrieved May 6, 2021.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  8. ^ "Lalumier Elementary School Archived 2010-12-18 at the Wayback Machine." Cahokia Unit School District 187. Retrieved on January 24, 2011. "6702 Bond Ave."
  9. ^ "Centerville Elementary School Archived 2010-12-18 at the Wayback Machine." Cahokia Unit School District 187. Retrieved on January 24, 2011. "3429 Camp Jackson."
  10. ^ "Brown Elementary School Archived 2011-01-19 at the Wayback Machine." East St. Louis School District 189. Retrieved on January 24, 2011. "4901 Market St. East St. Louis, IL 62207."
  11. ^ "Centreville city, Illinois[permanent dead link]." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 24, 2011.
  12. ^ Stebbins, Samuel. "These are the poorest cities in every state in the US". 24/7 Wall Street. USA Today. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  13. ^ Munz, Michele (February 23, 2020). "A plea for help: Centreville's sewage and drainage problems pose health, safety risks". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Lee Enterprises. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  14. ^ Johnson, Walter (January 23, 2020). "American Bottom". Boston Review. Retrieved February 29, 2020.